JANSSONRPCC (jsonrpc client) Module

Joe Hillenbrand

   <joe@flowroute.com>

Edited by

Matthew Williams

   <matthew@flowroute.com>

   Copyright © 2013 Flowroute LLC (flowroute.com)
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview
        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. min_srv_ttl (integer)
              3.2. result_pv (string)
              3.3. server (string)
              3.4. retry_codes (string)
              3.5. keep_alive (integer)

        4. Functions

              4.1. janssonrpc_notification(conn, method, parameters)
              4.2. janssonrpc_request(conn, method, params[, options]])

        5. Error Handling

   List of Examples

   1.1. Set min_srv_ttl parameter
   1.2. Set result_pv parameter
   1.3. Set server parameter
   1.4. Set retry_codes parameter
   1.5. Set keep_alive parameter
   1.6. janssonrpc_notification usage
   1.7. janssonrpc_request usage
   1.8. route example with internal_error handling

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview
   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. min_srv_ttl (integer)
        3.2. result_pv (string)
        3.3. server (string)
        3.4. retry_codes (string)
        3.5. keep_alive (integer)

   4. Functions

        4.1. janssonrpc_notification(conn, method, parameters)
        4.2. janssonrpc_request(conn, method, params[, options]])

   5. Error Handling

1. Overview

   This module provides access to JSON-RPC 2.0 services (operating over
   TCP/Netstrings) in accordance with
   http://www.jsonrpc.org/specification. It uses JANSSON library for JSON
   document management.

   It uses t_suspend() and t_continue() from the TM module for
   asynchronous processing.

   Note that after invoking an asynchronous operation, the processing will
   continue later, in another application process. Therefore, do not rely
   on variables stored in private memory, use shared memory if you want to
   get values after the processing is resumed (e.g., $shv(...) or htable
   $sht(...)).

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * jansson - jansson json handling.
     * tm - transaction management.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed before
   running Kamailio with this module loaded:
     * jansson (http://www.digip.org/jansson/), tested with: 2.2+
     * libevent 2.0.5+ (http://libevent.org/), tested with: 2.0.16

3. Parameters

   3.1. min_srv_ttl (integer)
   3.2. result_pv (string)
   3.3. server (string)
   3.4. retry_codes (string)
   3.5. keep_alive (integer)

3.1. min_srv_ttl (integer)

   The minimum acceptable TTL in seconds for SRV DNS entries. This means
   that TTLs from the DNS will be ignored if they are lower than this
   value. It cannot be set lower than 1 second.

   Default is 5 seconds.

   Example 1.1. Set min_srv_ttl parameter
...
modparam("janssonrpcc", "min_srv_ttl", 30)
...

   This will set any SRV TTL lower than 30 seconds to 30 seconds.

3.2. result_pv (string)

   The PV spec where to store the result of a call to
   janssonrpc_request(). It can be any writable PV.

   Default value is “$var(jsrpc_result)”.

   Example 1.2. Set result_pv parameter
...
modparam("janssonrpcc", "result_pv", "$var(result)")
...

3.3. server (string)

   The server providing the remote jsonrpc service. Format can be
   "conn=example;addr=localhost;port=9999;priority=10;weight=20" or
   "conn=bar;srv=_sip._tcp.example.net".

     * conn - name for a collection of servers (required).
     * srv - DNS SRV domain name (optional).
     * addr - host address (required, except when using srv).
     * port - host port (required, except when using srv).
     * priority - server are grouped by priority. Servers with higher
       priority (lower number) are used first. Default is 0. (optional
       when using addr, invalid otherwise).
     * weight - functions the same as a DNS SRV weight. Requests are
       distributed between servers of the same priority proportional to
       their weight. Default is 1. (optional when using addr, invalid
       otherwise).

   Example 1.3. Set server parameter
...
modparam("janssonrpcc", "server", "conn=tests;srv=_test1._tcp.example.net");
modparam("janssonrpcc", "server", "conn=tests;srv=_test2._tcp.example.net");
modparam("janssonrpcc", "server", "conn=local;addr=localhost;port=8080;priority=
10;weight=10");
modparam("janssonrpcc", "server", "conn=user_db;addr=rpc.prod.exmaple.net;port=5
060;priority=10;weight=10");
...

3.4. retry_codes (string)

   A comma delimited list of error codes or error code ranges to
   automatically schedule a request retry if received.

   This will only be used if there is no route specified for the request.

   An error code can be any integer, but is typically a negative number.

   An error code range is delimited by ".." . For example,
   "-32099..-32000".

   Spaces are ignored.

   Example 1.4. Set retry_codes parameter
...
modparam("janssonrpcc", "retry_codes", "-32603, -32000..-32099");
...

3.5. keep_alive (integer)

   number of seconds to send a tcp keep-alive to the server connection

   Default is 0 (disabled)

   Example 1.5. Set keep_alive parameter
...
modparam("janssonrpcc", "keep_alive", 10)
...

4. Functions

   4.1. janssonrpc_notification(conn, method, parameters)
   4.2. janssonrpc_request(conn, method, params[, options]])

4.1.  janssonrpc_notification(conn, method, parameters)

     * conn - name for a collection of servers (required)
     * method - jsonrpc method (required)
     * params - jsonrpc request params (required) Use $null or empty
       string to not send any parameters in the jsonrpc notification.

   Unlike janssonrpc_request (below), notifications do not receive a
   response. Script processing continues in the usual fashion as soon as
   the notification has been sent.

   If no servers can be reached, a message is sent to the logs.

   The 'method' and 'params' can be a static string or dynamic string
   value with config variables.

   Example 1.6. janssonrpc_notification usage
...
janssonrpc_notification("user_db", "update_user", '{"id": 1234, "name": "Daniel"
}');
...

4.2.  janssonrpc_request(conn, method, params[, options]])

   The conn, method, params, and options can be a static string or a
   dynamic string value with config variables.

     * conn - name for a collection of servers (required)
     * method - jsonrpc method (required)
     * params - jsonrpc request params (required) Use $null or empty
       string to not send any parameters in the jsonrpc request.
     * options
       Options for the janssonrpc_request function. Format can be
       "route=RESPONSE;retry=2;timeout=100". All these parameters are
       optional.
          + retry - number of times you retry a failed request. -1 means
            retry forever. Default is 0. Request will be retried if they
            either timeout or fail to send. Retries utilize exponential
            back off between successive retries, up to 60 seconds. The
            equation for time between retries is:
            time = n^2 * timeout (for time < 60 seconds)
            where n is the number of times a request has been tried.
          + timeout - request timeout in milliseconds. Default is 500.
          + route - resume script execution at this route.

   When a response is received, processing continues for the SIP request
   in the route specified.

   If no route is specified, then any errors are logged and successes are
   ignored. The function will also not interrupt script execution.

   Since the SIP request handling is resumed in another process, the
   config file execution is lost. Only shared variables ($shv, $avp, etc)
   should be used for any value that will be needed when the script is
   resumed.

   The result is stored in the pseudo-variable specified in the module
   parameter 'result_pv'. This pseudo-variable is set after the response
   is received.

   Example 1.7. janssonrpc_request usage
...
janssonrpc_request("user_db", "get_user", '{"id": 1234}', "route=RESPONSE;retry=
1");
        ...

route[RESPONSE] {
        xlog("Result received: $var(result)");
        ...
}
...

5.  Error Handling

   When a route is specified as part of the janssonrpc_request() function,
   a JSON object is stored in the result pseudo-variable (see
   'Parameters').

   The JSON object can be accessed using the jansson_get() function from
   the jansson module and is of the form:
...
{
  "result" : {...},
  "error": {...},
  "internal_error": { "code": ..., "message": ..., "data": ... }
}
...

   'result' or 'error' come from the server and should follow the JSONRPC
   specification. Keep in mind a server's 'error' might not follow the
   JSONRPC specification and not include a 'code' and/or 'message', so be
   sure to check that they are there before trying to use them.

   When 'internal_error' is present, that means there was a problem with
   sending or receiving the request. 'internal_error' contains a 'code'
   which is an integer representing the type of error, a 'message' which
   is the error in string form, and possibly 'data' which is usually the
   failed request, which is optional and can be useful for debugging.

   Here are the possible values for internal error codes:
     * -1: "Failed to build request"
     * -5: "Failed to send request"
     * -10: "JSON parse error"
     * -11: "Failed to convert response to a pseudo-variable"
     * -20: "Bad response from server"
     * -50: "Request retry failed"
     * -75: "Request dropped for server disconnection"
     * -100: "Message timeout"
     * -1000: "There is a bug". Please report these errors to the module
       maintainers.

   Example 1.8. route example with internal_error handling
...
route {
        janssonrpc_request("user_db", "get_user", '{"id": 1234}', "route=RESPONS
E;retry=1");
}

route[RESPONSE] {
        if(jansson_get("internal_error", $var(jsrpc_result), "$var(internal)"))
{
                route(INTERNAL);
        } else if(jansson_get("error", $var(jsrpc_result), "$var(error)")) {
                route(ERROR);
        } else if(jansson_get("result", $var(jsrpc_result), "$var(result)")) {
                route(RESULT);
        }
    t_reply("200", "OK");
}

route[RESULT] {
        xlog("result is $var(result)\n");
        xlog("success\n");
}

route[ERROR] {
        xlog("There was an error\n");
        if(jansson_get("code", $var(error), "$var(c)")) {
                xlog("code is $var(c)\n");
        }

        if(jansson_get("message", $var(error), "$var(r)")) {
                xlog("error is $var(r)\n");
        }

        if(jansson_get("data", $var(error), "$var(d)")) {
                xlog("data is $var(d)\n");
        }
}

route[INTERNAL] {
        xlog("There was an internal error\n");

        jansson_get("code", $var(internal), "$var(c)");
        xlog("code is $var(c)\n");

        jansson_get("message", $var(internal), "$var(r)");
        xlog("error is $var(r)\n");

        if(jansson_get("data", $var(internal), "$var(d)")) {
                xlog("request is $var(d)\n");
        }
}
...