/*
 * Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Fhg Fokus
 *
 * This file is part of SEMS, a free SIP media server.
 *
 * SEMS is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version. This program is released under
 * the GPL with the additional exemption that compiling, linking,
 * and/or using OpenSSL is allowed.
 *
 * For a license to use the SEMS software under conditions
 * other than those described here, or to purchase support for this
 * software, please contact iptel.org by e-mail at the following addresses:
 *    info@iptel.org
 *
 * SEMS is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License 
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software 
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#include "sems.h"
#include "AmUtils.h"
#include "AmConfig.h"
#include "AmPlugIn.h"
#include "AmSessionContainer.h"
#include "AmMediaProcessor.h"
#include "AmRtpReceiver.h"
#include "AmEventDispatcher.h"
#include "AmSessionProcessor.h"
#include "AmAppTimer.h"

#ifdef WITH_ZRTP
# include "AmZRTP.h"
#endif

#include "SipCtrlInterface.h"
#include "sip/trans_table.h"

#include "log.h"

#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>

#include <grp.h>
#include <pwd.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#include <event2/thread.h>

#ifdef PROPAGATE_COREDUMP_SETTINGS
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#endif

#include <string>
using std::string;

#if defined(__linux__)
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#endif

const char* progname = NULL;    /**< Program name (actually argv[0])*/
int main_pid = 0;               /**< Main process PID */

/** SIP stack (controller interface) */
#define sip_ctrl (*SipCtrlInterface::instance())


static void print_usage(bool short_=false)
{
  if (short_) {
    printf("Usage: %s [OPTIONS]\n"
           "Try `%s -h' for more information.\n",
           progname, progname);
  }
  else {
    printf(
        DEFAULT_SIGNATURE "\n"
        "Usage: %s [OPTIONS]\n"
        "Available options:\n"
        "    -f <file>       Set configuration file\n"
        "    -x <dir>        Set path for plug-ins\n"
        "    -d <device/ip>  Set network device (or IP address) for media advertising\n"
#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
        "    -E              Enable debug mode (do not daemonize, log to stderr).\n"
        "    -P <file>       Set PID file\n"
        "    -u <uid>        Set user ID\n"
        "    -g <gid>        Set group ID\n"
#else
        "    -E              Enable debug mode (log to stderr)\n"
#endif
        "    -D <level>      Set log level (0=error, 1=warning, 2=info, 3=debug; default=%d)\n"
        "    -v              Print version\n"
        "    -h              Print this help\n",
        progname, AmConfig::LogLevel
    );
  }
}

/* Note: The function should not use log because it is called before logging is initialized. */
static bool parse_args(int argc, char* argv[], std::map<char,string>& args)
{
#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
    static const char* opts = ":hvEf:x:d:D:u:g:P:";
#else    
    static const char* opts = ":hvEf:x:d:D:";
#endif    

    opterr = 0;
    
    while (true) {
	int c = getopt(argc, argv, opts);
	switch (c) {
	case -1:
	    return true;
	    
	case ':':
	    fprintf(stderr, "%s: missing argument for option '-%c'\n", progname, optopt);
	    return false;
	    
	case '?':
	    fprintf(stderr, "%s: unknown option '-%c'\n", progname, optopt);
	    return false;
	    
	default:
	    args[c] = (optarg ? optarg : "yes");
	}
    }
}

static void set_default_interface(const string& iface_name)
{
  unsigned int idx=0;
  map<string,unsigned short>::iterator if_it = AmConfig::SIP_If_names.find("default");
  if(if_it == AmConfig::SIP_If_names.end()) {
    AmConfig::SIP_interface intf;
    intf.name = "default";
    AmConfig::SIP_Ifs.push_back(intf);
    AmConfig::SIP_If_names["default"] = AmConfig::SIP_Ifs.size()-1;
    idx = AmConfig::SIP_Ifs.size()-1;
  }
  else {
    idx = if_it->second;
  }
  AmConfig::SIP_Ifs[if_it->second].LocalIP = iface_name;

  if_it = AmConfig::RTP_If_names.find("default");
  if(if_it == AmConfig::RTP_If_names.end()) {
    AmConfig::RTP_interface intf;
    intf.name = "default";
    AmConfig::RTP_Ifs.push_back(intf);
    AmConfig::RTP_If_names["default"] = AmConfig::RTP_Ifs.size()-1;
    idx = AmConfig::RTP_Ifs.size()-1;
  }
  else {
    idx = if_it->second;
  }
  AmConfig::RTP_Ifs[if_it->second].LocalIP = iface_name;
}

/* Note: The function should not use logging because it is called before
   the logging is initialized. */
static bool apply_args(std::map<char,string>& args)
{
  for(std::map<char,string>::iterator it = args.begin();
      it != args.end(); ++it){

    switch( it->first ){
    case 'd':
      set_default_interface(it->second);
      break;

    case 'D':
      if (!AmConfig::setLogLevel(it->second)) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s: invalid log level: %s\n", progname, it->second.c_str());
        return false;
      }
      break;

    case 'E':
#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
     AmConfig::DaemonMode = false;
#endif
     if (!AmConfig::setLogStderr("yes")) {
       return false;
     }
     break;

    case 'f':
      AmConfig::ConfigurationFile = it->second;
      break;

    case 'x':
      AmConfig::PlugInPath = it->second;
      break;

#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
    case 'P':
      AmConfig::DaemonPidFile = it->second;
      break;

    case 'u':
      AmConfig::DaemonUid = it->second;
      break;

    case 'g':
      AmConfig::DaemonGid = it->second;
      break;
#endif

    case 'h':
    case 'v':
    default:
      /* nothing to apply */
      break;
    }
  }

  return true;
}

/** Flag to mark the shutdown is in progress (in the main process) */
static AmCondition<bool> is_shutting_down(false);

static void signal_handler(int sig)
{
  if (sig == SIGUSR1 || sig == SIGUSR2) {
    DBG("brodcasting User event to %u sessions...\n",
	AmSession::getSessionNum());
    AmEventDispatcher::instance()->
      broadcast(new AmSystemEvent(sig == SIGUSR1? 
				  AmSystemEvent::User1 : AmSystemEvent::User2));
    return;
  }

  if (sig == SIGCHLD && AmConfig::IgnoreSIGCHLD) {
    return;
  }

  if (sig == SIGPIPE && AmConfig::IgnoreSIGPIPE) {
    return;
  }

  WARN("Signal %s (%d) received.\n", strsignal(sig), sig);

  if (sig == SIGHUP) {
    AmSessionContainer::instance()->broadcastShutdown();
    return;
  }

  if (sig == SIGTERM) {
    AmSessionContainer::instance()->enableUncleanShutdown();
  }

  if (main_pid == getpid()) {
    if(!is_shutting_down.get()) {
      is_shutting_down.set(true);

      INFO("Stopping SIP stack after signal\n");
      sip_ctrl.stop();
    }
  }
  else {
    /* exit other processes immediately */
    exit(0);
  }
}

int set_sighandler(void (*handler)(int))
{
  static int sigs[] = {
    SIGHUP, SIGPIPE, SIGINT, SIGTERM, SIGCHLD, SIGUSR1, SIGUSR2, 0
  };

  for (int* sig = sigs; *sig; sig++) {
    if (signal(*sig, handler) == SIG_ERR ) {
      ERROR("Cannot install signal handler for %s.\n", strsignal(*sig));
      return -1;
    }
  }

  return 0;
}

#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE

static int write_pid_file()
{
  FILE* fpid = fopen(AmConfig::DaemonPidFile.c_str(), "w");

  if (fpid) {
    string spid = int2str((int)getpid());
    fwrite(spid.c_str(), spid.length(), 1, fpid);
    fclose(fpid);
    return 0;
  }
  else {
    ERROR("Cannot write PID file '%s': %s.\n",
        AmConfig::DaemonPidFile.c_str(), strerror(errno));
  }

  return -1;
}

#endif /* !DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE */



/*
 * Main
 */
int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
  int success = false;
  std::map<char,string> args;
  #ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
  int fd[2] = {0,0};
  #endif

  progname = strrchr(argv[0], '/');
  progname = (progname == NULL ? argv[0] : progname + 1);

  if(!parse_args(argc, argv, args)){
    print_usage(true);
    return 1;
  }

  if(args.find('h') != args.end()){
    print_usage();
    return 0;
  }

  if(args.find('v') != args.end()){
    printf("%s\n", DEFAULT_SIGNATURE);
    return 0;
  }

  // Init default interface
  //AmConfig::Ifs.push_back(AmConfig::IP_interface());

  /* apply command-line options */
  if(!apply_args(args)){
    print_usage(true);
    goto error;
  }

  init_logging();

  /* load and apply configuration file */
  if(AmConfig::readConfiguration()){
    ERROR("Errors occured while reading configuration file: exiting.");
    return -1;
  }

  log_level = AmConfig::LogLevel;
  log_stderr = AmConfig::LogStderr;

  /* re-apply command-line options to override configuration file */
  if(!apply_args(args)){
    goto error;
  }

  if(AmConfig::finalizeIPConfig() < 0)
    goto error;

  printf("Configuration:\n"
#ifdef _DEBUG
         "       log level:           %s (%i)\n"
         "       log to stderr:       %s\n"
#endif
	 "       configuration file:  %s\n"
	 "       plug-in path:        %s\n"
#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
         "       daemon mode:         %s\n"
         "       daemon UID:          %s\n"
         "       daemon GID:          %s\n"
#endif
	 "       application:         %s\n"
	 "\n",
#ifdef _DEBUG
	 log_level2str[AmConfig::LogLevel], AmConfig::LogLevel,
         AmConfig::LogStderr ? "yes" : "no",
#endif
	 AmConfig::ConfigurationFile.c_str(),
	 AmConfig::PlugInPath.c_str(),
#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
	 AmConfig::DaemonMode ? "yes" : "no",
	 AmConfig::DaemonUid.empty() ? "<not set>" : AmConfig::DaemonUid.c_str(),
	 AmConfig::DaemonGid.empty() ? "<not set>" : AmConfig::DaemonGid.c_str(),
#endif
	 AmConfig::Application.empty() ? "<not set>" : AmConfig::Application.c_str());

  AmConfig::dump_Ifs();

#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE

  if(AmConfig::DaemonMode){
#ifdef PROPAGATE_COREDUMP_SETTINGS
    struct rlimit lim;
    bool have_limit = false;
    if (getrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &lim) == 0) have_limit = true;
    int dumpable = prctl(PR_GET_DUMPABLE, 0, 0, 0, 0);
#endif

    if(!AmConfig::DaemonGid.empty()){
      unsigned int gid;
      if(str2i(AmConfig::DaemonGid, gid)){
	struct group* grnam = getgrnam(AmConfig::DaemonGid.c_str());
	if(grnam != NULL){
	  gid = grnam->gr_gid;
	}
	else{
	  ERROR("Cannot find group '%s' in the group database.\n",
		AmConfig::DaemonGid.c_str());
	  goto error;
	}
      }
      if(setgid(gid)<0){
	ERROR("Cannot change GID to %i: %s.",
	      gid,
	      strerror(errno));
	goto error;
      }
    }

    if(!AmConfig::DaemonUid.empty()){
      unsigned int uid;
      if(str2i(AmConfig::DaemonUid, uid)){
	struct passwd* pwnam = getpwnam(AmConfig::DaemonUid.c_str());
	if(pwnam != NULL){
	  uid = pwnam->pw_uid;
	}
	else{
	  ERROR("Cannot find user '%s' in the user database.\n",
		AmConfig::DaemonUid.c_str());
	  goto error;
	}
      }
      if(setuid(uid)<0){
	ERROR("Cannot change UID to %i: %s.",
	      uid,
	      strerror(errno));
	goto error;
      }
    }

#if defined(__linux__)
    if(!AmConfig::DaemonUid.empty() || !AmConfig::DaemonGid.empty()){
      if (prctl(PR_SET_DUMPABLE, 1, 0, 0, 0) < 0) {
	WARN("unable to set daemon to dump core after setuid/setgid\n");
      }
    }
#endif

    /* fork to become!= group leader*/
    if (pipe(fd) == -1) { /* Create a pipe */
        ERROR("Cannot create pipe.\n");
        goto error;
    }
    int pid;
    if ((pid=fork())<0){
      ERROR("Cannot fork: %s.\n", strerror(errno));
      goto error;
    }else if (pid!=0){
      close(fd[1]);
      /* parent process => wait for result from child*/
      for(int i=0;i<2;i++){
        DBG("waiting for child[%d] response\n", i);
        (void)read(fd[0], &pid, sizeof(int));
        if(pid<0){
          ERROR("Child [%d] return an error: %d\n", i, pid);
          close(fd[0]);
          goto error;
        }
        DBG("child [%d] pid:%d\n", i, pid);
      }
      DBG("all children return OK. bye world!\n");
      close(fd[0]);
      return 0;
    }else {
      /* child */
      close(fd[0]);
      main_pid = getpid();
      DBG("hi world! I'm child [%d]\n", main_pid);
      (void)write(fd[1], &main_pid, sizeof(int));
    }
    /* become session leader to drop the ctrl. terminal */
    if (setsid()<0){
      ERROR("setsid failed: %s.\n", strerror(errno));
    }
    /* fork again to drop group  leadership */
    if ((pid=fork())<0){
      ERROR("Cannot fork: %s.\n", strerror(errno));
      goto error;
    }else if (pid!=0){
      /*parent process => exit */
      close(fd[1]);
      main_pid = getpid();
      DBG("I'm out. pid: %d", main_pid);
      return 0;
    }
	
    if(write_pid_file()<0) {
      goto error;
    }

#ifdef PROPAGATE_COREDUMP_SETTINGS
    if (have_limit) {
      if (setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &lim) < 0) ERROR("failed to set RLIMIT_CORE\n");
      if (prctl(PR_SET_DUMPABLE, dumpable, 0, 0, 0)<0) ERROR("cannot re-set core dumping to %d!\n", dumpable);
    }
#endif

    /* try to replace stdin, stdout & stderr with /dev/null */
    if (freopen("/dev/null", "r", stdin)==0){
      ERROR("Cannot replace stdin with /dev/null: %s.\n",
	    strerror(errno));
      /* continue, leave it open */
    };
    if (freopen("/dev/null", "w", stdout)==0){
      ERROR("Cannot replace stdout with /dev/null: %s.\n",
	    strerror(errno));
      /* continue, leave it open */
    };
    /* close stderr only if log_stderr=0 */
    if ((!log_stderr) && (freopen("/dev/null", "w", stderr)==0)){
      ERROR("Cannot replace stderr with /dev/null: %s.\n",
	    strerror(errno));
      /* continue, leave it open */
    };
  }

#endif /* DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE */

  main_pid = getpid();

  init_random();

  if(set_sighandler(signal_handler))
    goto error;
    
#ifdef WITH_ZRTP
  if (AmZRTP::init()) {
    ERROR("Cannot initialize ZRTP\n");
    goto error;
  }
#endif

  INFO("Starting application timer scheduler\n");
  AmAppTimer::instance()->start();

  INFO("Starting session container\n");
  AmSessionContainer::instance()->start();
  
#ifdef SESSION_THREADPOOL
  INFO("Starting session processor threads\n");
  AmSessionProcessor::addThreads(AmConfig::SessionProcessorThreads);
#endif 

  INFO("Starting media processor\n");
  AmMediaProcessor::instance()->init();

  // init thread usage with libevent
  // before it's too late
  if(evthread_use_pthreads() != 0) {
    ERROR("cannot init thread usage with libevent");
    goto error;
  }

  INFO("Starting RTP receiver\n");
  AmRtpReceiver::instance()->start();

  INFO("Starting SIP stack (control interface)\n");
  if(sip_ctrl.load()) {
    goto error;
  }
  
  INFO("Loading plug-ins\n");
  AmPlugIn::instance()->init();
  if(AmPlugIn::instance()->load(AmConfig::PlugInPath, AmConfig::LoadPlugins))
    goto error;

  AmPlugIn::instance()->registerLoggingPlugins();

  AmSessionContainer::instance()->initMonitoring();

  #ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
  if(fd[1]) {
    DBG("hi world! I'm main child [%d]\n", main_pid);
    (void)write(fd[1], &main_pid, sizeof(int));
    close(fd[1]); fd[1] = 0;
  }
  #endif

  // running the server
  if(sip_ctrl.run() != -1)
    success = true;

  // session container stops active sessions
  INFO("Disposing session container\n");
  AmSessionContainer::dispose();

  DBG("** Transaction table dump: **\n");
  dumps_transactions();
  DBG("*****************************\n");

  INFO("Disposing RTP receiver\n");
  AmRtpReceiver::dispose();

  INFO("Disposing media processor\n");
  AmMediaProcessor::dispose();

  INFO("Disposing event dispatcher\n");
  AmEventDispatcher::dispose();

 error:
  INFO("Disposing plug-ins\n");
  AmPlugIn::dispose();

#ifndef DISABLE_DAEMON_MODE
  if (AmConfig::DaemonMode) {
    unlink(AmConfig::DaemonPidFile.c_str());
  }
  if(fd[1]){
     main_pid = -1;
     DBG("send -1 to parent\n");
     (void)write(fd[1], &main_pid, sizeof(int));
     close(fd[1]);
  }
#endif

  sip_ctrl.cleanup();

  INFO("Exiting (%s)\n", success ? "success" : "failure");
  return (success ? EXIT_SUCCESS : EXIT_FAILURE);
}