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<!-- Module User's Guide -->

<chapter>
	
	<title>&adminguide;</title>
	
	<section>
	<title>Overview</title>
	<para>The module contains REGISTER processing logic. The actual location
		database is managed by the USRLOC module.
	</para>
	<section>
		<title>PATH support</title>
		<para>
		The Register module includes Path support (according to RFC 3327) 
		for usage in registrars and home-proxies.
		</para>
		<para>
		If path support is enabled in the registrar module, a call to save(...)
		stores the values of the Path Header(s) along with the contact into usrloc. 
		There are three modes regarding the reply to a REGISTER including
		one or more Path HFs:
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>off</emphasis> - stores the value of the 
				Path headers into usrloc without passing it back to 
				the UAC in the reply.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>lazy</emphasis> - stores the Path header and 
				passes it back to the UAC if Path-support is indicated 
				by the <quote>path</quote> param in the Supported HF.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>strict</emphasis> - rejects the registration 
				with <quote>420 Bad Extension</quote> if there's a Path 
				header but no support for it is indicated by the UAC. 
				Otherwise it's stored and passed back to the UAC.
			</para>
			</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		A call to lookup(...) always uses the path header if
		found, and inserts it as Route HF either in front of
		the first Route HF, or after the last Via HF if no
		Route is present. It also sets the destination uri to
		the first Path uri, thus overwriting the received-uri,
		because NAT has to be handled at the outbound-proxy of
		the UAC (the first hop after client's NAT).
		</para>
		<para>
		The whole process is transparent to the user, so no
		config changes are required beside setting the
		registrar-parameters <quote>use_path</quote> and 
		<quote>path_mode</quote>.
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>GRUU Support</title>
		<para>
			GRUU (RFC5627) is supported with both public and temporary
			addresses.
		</para>
		<para>
			The public GRUU is build based on '+sip.instance'
			parameter as recommended by RFC.
		</para>
		<para>
			The temporary GRUU is built based on internal SRUID (unique
			id generator) and it is kept the same for the duration of
			contact validity.
		</para>
	</section>
	
	</section>


	<section>
	<title>Dependencies</title>
	<section>
		<title>&kamailio; Modules</title>
		<para>
		The following modules must be loaded before this module:
			<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>usrloc - User Location Module</emphasis>.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>sl - Stateless Replies</emphasis>.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>External Libraries or Applications</title>
		<para>
		The following libraries or applications must be installed before 
		running &kamailio; with this module loaded:
			<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>None</emphasis>.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>
	</section>
	</section>
	<section>
	<title>Parameters</title>
	<section>
		<title><varname>default_expires</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If the processed message contains neither Expires 
		<acronym>HFs</acronym> nor expires contact parameters, this value 
		will be used for newly created usrloc records. The parameter contains 
		number of second to expire (for example use 3600 for one hour). If it
		is set to a lower value than the <quote>min_expires</quote> parameter
		then it will be ignored. This parameter can be modified via ser config framework.
		A random value in a specific interval can be selected by using the default_expires_range
		parameter
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 3600.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>default_expires</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "default_expires", 1800)
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
		<section>
		<title><varname>default_expires_range</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		This parameter specifies that the expiry used for newly created usrloc records
		are not fixed(when <quote>default_expires</quote> applies), but a random value in the interval 
		<quote>[default_expires-default_expires_range%, default_expires+default_expires_range%]</quote>.
		The value is between 0 and 100 and represent the maximim percentage from default_expires that
		will be substracted or added when computing the value. Default in 0, meaning default_expires
		is left unmodified. This parameter can be modified via ser config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>default_expires_range</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "default_expires_range", 30) # +- 30% from default_expires
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	

	<section>
		<title><varname>min_expires</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The minimum expires value of a Contact, values lower than this 
		minimum will be automatically set to the minimum. Value 0 disables 
		the checking. This parameter can be modified via ser config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 60.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>min_expires</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "min_expires", 60)
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title><varname>max_expires</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The maximum expires value of a Contact, values higher than this 
		maximum will be automatically set to the maximum. Value 0 disables 
		the checking. This parameter can be modified via ser config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>max_expires</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "max_expires", 120)
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>default_q</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The parameter represents default q value for new contacts. Because 
		&kamailio; doesn't support float parameter types, the value in the parameter 
		is divided by 1000 and stored as float. For example, if you want 
		default_q to be 0.38, use value 380 here. This parameter can be modified via ser config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>default_q</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "default_q", 1000)
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>realm_prefix</varname> (string)</title>
		<para>
		 Prefix to be automatically stripped from realm. As an alternative to 
		 SRV records (not all SIP clients support SRV lookup), a subdomain of 
		 the master domain can be defined for SIP purposes (like 
		 sip.mydomain.net pointing to same IP address as the SRV record for 
		 mydomain.net). By ignoring the realm_prefix "sip.", at registration,
		 sip.mydomain.net will be equivalent to mydomain.net.This parameter 
		 can be modified via the &kamailio; config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL (none).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>realm_prefix</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "realm_prefix", "sip.")
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>


	<section>
		<title><varname>append_branches</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The parameter controls how lookup function processes multiple 
		contacts.  If there are multiple contacts for the given username in 
		usrloc and this parameter is set to 1, Request-URI will be 
		overwritten with the highest-q rated contact and the rest will be 
		appended to sip_msg structure and can be later used by tm for forking.
		If the parameter is set to 0, only Request-URI will be overwritten 
		with the highest-q rated contact and the rest will be left unprocessed.
		This parameter can be modified via &kamailio; config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 1.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>append_branches</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "append_branches", 0)
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>aor_avp</varname> (str)</title>
		<para>
		This module parameter has been removed. Use the 'uri' parameter from
		functions (e.g., save, lookup, registered).
		</para>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>case_sensitive</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If set to 1 then <acronym>AOR</acronym> comparison and also
		storing will be case sensitive, if set to 0 then <acronym>AOR</acronym>
		comparison and storing will be case insensitive--This is recommended.
		This parameter can be modified via &kamailio; config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>case_sensitive</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "case_sensitive", 1)
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>received_avp</varname> (str)</title>
		<para>
		Registrar will store the value of the AVP configured by this 
		parameter in the received column in the user location database. 
		It will leave the column empty if the AVP is empty. The AVP should 
		contain a SIP URI consisting of the source IP, port,
		and protocol of the REGISTER message being processed.
		</para>
		<note>
		<para>
			The value of this parameter should be the same as the value of 
			corresponding parameter of nathelper module.
		</para>
		</note>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is "NULL" (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>received_avp</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "received_avp", "$avp(s:rcv)")
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>received_param</varname> (string)</title>
		<para>
		The name of the parameter that will be appended to Contacts of 
		200 OK when the received URI was set by nathelper module. If the
		value is empty string, then the parameter is not appended anymore.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is "received".
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>received_param</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "received_param", "rcv")
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>max_contacts</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The parameter can be used to limit the number of contacts per 
		AOR (Address of Record) in the user location database. Value 0 
		disables the check. This parameter can be modified via the &kamailio;
		config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>max_contacts</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
# Allow no more than 10 contacts per AOR
modparam("registrar", "max_contacts", 10)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>retry_after</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The registrar can generate 5xx reply to REGISTER in various 
		situations. It can, for example, happen when the 
		<varname>max_contacts</varname> parameter is set and the
		processing of REGISTER request would exceed the limit. In this case 
		the registrar would generate "503 Service Unavailable" response.
		This parameter can be modified via the &kamailio; config framework.
		</para>
		<para>
		If you want to add the Retry-After header field in 5xx replies, set 
		this parameter to a value grater than zero (0 means do not add the 
		header field). See section 20.33 of RFC3261 for more details.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0 (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>retry_after</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "retry_after", 30)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>sock_flag</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		Message flag to signal to register module to look into REGISTER 
		request for a header which contains a socket description (IP:port). 
		This socket info will be stored by register instead of the received 
		socket info.
		</para>
		<para>
		This makes sense only in multiple replicated servers scenarios.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is -1 (no flag).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>sock_flag</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "sock_flag", 18)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>sock_hdr_name</varname> (string)</title>
		<para>
		Header which contains a socket description (proto:IP:port) to override
		the received socket info. The header will be read only if the
		flag sock_flag is set.
		</para>
		<para>
		This makes sense only in multiple replicated servers scenarios.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>sock_hdr_namer</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "sock_hdr_name", "Sock-Info")
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>method_filtering</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		Tells if the contact filtering based on supported methods should be
		performed during lookup. It's enabled only if it has a non zero 
		value.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0 (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>method_filtering</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "method_filtering", 1)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>use_path</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If set to 1, the Path header is handled according to the parameter 
		This parameter can be modified via ser config framework.
		<quote>path_mode</quote>.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0 (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>use_path</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "use_path", 1)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>path_mode</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		The registrar module implements three different modes regarding the 
		response to a registration which includes one or more Path headers:
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			0 - The Path header is saved into usrloc, but is not included in 
			the reply.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			1 - The Path header is saved into usrloc, but is only included in 
			the reply if path support is indicated in the registration request 
			by the <quote>path</quote> option of the 
			<quote>Supported</quote> header.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			2 - The path header is only saved into usrloc, if path support is 
			indicated in the registration request by the <quote>path</quote> 
			option of the <quote>Supported</quote> header. If no path support 
			is indicated, the request is rejected with 
			<quote>420 - Bad Extension</quote> and the header 
			<quote>Unsupported: path</quote> is included in the reply along 
			with the received <quote>Path</quote> header. This mode is the 
			one recommended by RFC-3327.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 2.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>path_mode</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "path_mode", 0)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>path_use_received</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If set to 1, the <quote>received</quote> parameter of the first Path 
		URI of a registration is set as received-uri and the NAT branch flag is
		set for this contact. This is useful if the registrar is placed
		behind a SIP loadbalancer, which passes the nat'ed UAC address as 
		<quote>received</quote> parameter
		in it's Path uri.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0 (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>path_use_received</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "path_use_received", 1)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>reg_callid_avp</varname> (string)</title>
		<para>
		If reg_callid_avp is defined and populated when registered() is
		invoked, the result is TRUE only if an active registration with
		the specified callID is found.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>reg_callid_avp</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "reg_callid_avp", "$avp(s:avp)")
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>xavp_cfg</varname> (string)</title>
		<para>
			Defines the name of XAVP class to store runtime module config
			values. The values are stored as inner XAVPs, like
			$xavp(class=&gt;attribute). Valid inner XAVP names:
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>max_contacts</emphasis> - the number of maximum
				contacts to be stored for current registration AoR. It
				overwrites the 'max_contacts' module parameter value.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			For example. if this parameter is set to 'reg', then the number
			of maximum contacts can be set in $xavp(reg=&gt;max_contacts).
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>xavp_cfg</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "xavp_cfg", "reg")
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>xavp_rcd</varname> (string)</title>
		<para>
			Defines the name of XAVP class to store details from the
			location records. The values are stored as inner XAVPs, like
			$xavp(class=&gt;attribute). Valid inner XAVP names:
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>ruid</emphasis> - the record's internal unique
				id.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			For example. if this parameter is set to 'ulrcd', then the ruid
			for contact records are set in $xavp(ulrcd=&gt;ruid).
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL (disabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>xavp_rcd</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "xavp_rcd", "ulrcd")
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>gruu_enabled</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If set to 1 and GRUU <quote>+sip.instance</quote> parameter to
		Contact header of REGISTER is present, then the value of the
		parameter is saved to location and pub-gruu and temp-gruu addresses
		are generated.
		</para>
		<para>
		Set it to 0 if you want to ignore GRUU extensions in REGISTER.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 1 (enabled).
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>gruu_enabled</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "gruu_enabled", 0)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>outbound_mode</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If set to 0 then this module will accept REGISTER requests
		that do not contain a Supported: header with the outbound
		options-tag. The 200 OK response to REGISTER requests that this
		module generates will not contain Require: or Supported: headers
		with the outbound options tag.
		</para>
		<para>
                If set to 1 this module will accept REGISTER requests that do
		not contain a Supported: header with the outbound options-tag
		and REGISTER requests that do contain a Supported: or a
		Requires: header with the outbound options-tag.  The 200 OK
		response that this module generates, will contain a Supported:
		header with the outbound options tag.  The 200 OK response
		will also contain a Require: header with the outbound options
		tag if the REGISTER request contained a Supported:
		header with the outbound options-tag.
		</para>
		<para>
		If set to 2 then this module will reject REGISTER requests
		that do not contain a Supported: header with the outbound
		options-tag. The 200 OK response to REGISTER requests that this
		module generates will contain Require: and Supported: headers
		with the outbound options tag.
		</para>
		<para>
		Set this parameter to 2 if you are using SIP Outbound (RFC
		5626) and want your Edge Proxy to insert a Flow-Timer: header
		into the 200 OK response to REGISTERs (as per RFC 5626 section
		5.4).
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>outbound_mode</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "outbound_mode", 2)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title><varname>flow_timer</varname> (integer)</title>
		<para>
		If set to 0 then this module will not add a Flow-Timer: header
		to 200 OK responses to REGISTER requests.
		</para>
		<para>
		If set to > 0 then this module will add a Flow-Timer: header
		containing this value to 200 OK responses to REGISTER requests.
		This parameter may only be set to a value > 0 when
		<emphasis>outbound_mode</emphasis> is set to 2.
		</para>
		<para>
		When set to a value > 0 this parameter should be set to slightly
		less than the connection timeout value between the UAC and the
		network (this corresponds to the core
		<emphasis>tcp_connection_lifetime</emphasis> option and
		<emphasis>websocket</emphasis>
		<emphasis>keepalive_timeout</emphasis> modparam). This parameter
		is most useful when you have a single edge proxy/registrar. If
		you are using a separate SIP Outbound Edge Proxy you should
		consider leaving this parameter set to 0 and adding the
		Flow-Timer: header on the Edge Proxy (as this allows you to
		keep all of the timer values for a specific flow in one
		configuration - that of the Edge Proxy).
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is 0.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>flow_timer</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("registrar", "flow_timer", 25)
...
		</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>


	</section>

	
	<section>
	<title>Functions</title>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">save(domain, [, flags [, uri]])</function>
		</title>
		<para>
		The function processes a REGISTER message. It can add, remove or 
		modify usrloc records depending on Contact and Expires HFs in the 
		REGISTER message. On success and when called from the REQUEST_ROUTE, 
		200 OK will be returned listing all	contacts that are currently in 
		usrloc. On an error, error message will be send with a short
		description in reason phrase.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>domain</emphasis> - Logical domain within registrar. 
			If database is used then this must be name of the table which 
			stores the contacts.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>flags</emphasis> (optional) - the value may be a bitwise
			OR of the following flags:
			</para>
			<itemizedlist>
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>0x01</emphasis> - save the contacts only
					in memory cache without no DB operation;
					</para>
				</listitem>
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>0x02</emphasis> - do not generate a SIP 
						reply to the current REGISTER request. When used in
						ONREPLY_ROUTE, this parameter is obsolete.</para>
				</listitem>
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>0x04</emphasis> - store and maintain one
					contact per AoR. If there are other contact addresses for
					AoR not matching current registration, remove them.
					This mode ensures one contact per AoR (user).</para>
				</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
			<para>The flags may be given in decimal or hexa format.</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>uri</emphasis> (optional - flags param has to be set and
			can be 0 for default behavior) - SIP URI to do be used instead of To
			header URI. It can be a dynamic string with pseudo-variables.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>Return codes:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>-1</emphasis> - error.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>1</emphasis> - contacts inserted.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>2</emphasis> - contacts updated.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>3</emphasis> - contacts deleted.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>4</emphasis> - contacts returned.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE and REPLY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>save</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
save("location");
save("location", "0x01");
save("location", "0x00", "sip:test@kamailio.org");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">lookup(domain [, uri])</function>
		</title>
		<para>
		The function extracts username from Request-URI and tries to find 
		all contacts for the username in usrloc. If there are no such 
		contacts, -1 will be returned.  If there are such contacts, 
		Request-URI will be overwritten with the contact that has
		the highest q value and optionally the rest will be appended to 
		the message (depending on append_branches parameter value).
		</para>
		<para>
		If the method_filtering option is enabled, the lookup function
		will return only the contacts that support the method of the
		processed request.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>domain</emphasis> - Name of table that should be used 
			for the lookup.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>uri</emphasis> (optional) - SIP URI to do be used instead
			of R-URI. It can be a dynamic string with pseudo-variables.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>Return codes:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>1</emphasis> - contacts found and returned.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>-1</emphasis> - no contact found.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>-2</emphasis> - contacts found, but method not supported.
			</para>
			<para>
			<emphasis>-3</emphasis> - internal error during processing.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>

		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>lookup</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
lookup("location");
switch ($retcode) {
    case -1:
    case -3:
        sl_send_reply("404", "Not Found");
        exit;
    case -2:
        sl_send_reply("405", "Not Found");
        exit;
};
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">lookup_branches(domain)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
		The function performs lookup(domain) on r-uri and additional
		branches (only branches that have no other attributes set than uri).
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>domain</emphasis> - Name of table that should be used 
			for the lookup.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>Return codes are propagated from lookup(domain).</para>

		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>lookup_branches</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
lookup_branches("location");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">registered(domain [, uri])</function>
		</title>
		<para>
		The function returns true if the AOR in the Request-URI is 
		registered, false otherwise.  The function does not modify the 
		message being process, it neither rewrites the Request-URI if a 
		contact is found not append branches.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>domain</emphasis> - Name of table that should be 
			used for the lookup.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>uri</emphasis> (optional) - SIP URI to do be used instead
			of R-URI. It can be a dynamic string with pseudo-variables.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>registered</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
if (registered("location")) {
	sl_send_reply("100", "Trying");
	...
};
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">add_sock_hdr(hdr_name)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
		Adds to the current REGISTER request a new header with 
		<quote>hdr_name</quote> which contains the description of the
		received socket (proto:ip:port)
		</para>
		<para>
		This make sens only in multiple replicated servers scenarios.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>hdr_name</emphasis> - header name to be used.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>add_sock_hdr</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
add_sock_hdr("Sock-Info");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">unregister(domain, uri)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
		The function remove all the contact associated to 'uri'.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>domain</emphasis> - Name of table that should be 
			used for the lookup or contact addresses.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>uri</emphasis> - The SIP URI address of the user
			which to remove the contact addresses for. It can contain
			pseudo-variables that are evaluated at runtime.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>unregister</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
unregister("location", "$ru");
unregister("location", "sip:user@kamailio.org");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">reg_fetch_contacts(domain, uri, profile)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			The function fetches the contacts for 'uri' from table 'domain'
			to pseudo-variable $ulc(profile).
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>domain</emphasis> - Name of table that should be 
			used for the lookup of contact addresses.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>uri</emphasis> - The SIP URI address of the user
			which to fetch the contact addresses for. It can contain
			pseudo-variables that are evaluated at runtime.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>profile</emphasis> - Name of $ulc pseudo-variable profile
			that will store the fetched contacts. It is a static string.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>reg_fetch_contacts</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
reg_fetch_contacts("location", "$ru", "callee");
reg_fetch_contacts("location", "sip:user@kamailio.org", "caller");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">reg_free_contacts(profile)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			The function frees the contacts from pseudo-variable $ulc(profile).
			Should be called to release the content of a profile. Anyhow,
			fetching a new contact addresses set over a profile will release
			any existing data in that profile.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>profile</emphasis> - Name of $ulc pseudo-variable profile
			that stores fetched contacts. It is a static string.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>reg_free_contacts</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
reg_free_contacts("callee");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	</section>

<section>
	<title>Event Routes</title>
	<section>
		<title><varname>event_route[usrloc:contact-expired]</varname></title>
		<para>
		Executed when a contact in location table has expired. The variable
		$ulc(exp=&gt;...) is filled with the attributes of the expired contact.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>event_route[usrloc:contact-expired]</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
event_route[usrloc:contact-expired] {
    xlog("expired contact for $ulc(exp->aor)\n");
}
...
</programlisting>
		</example>

	</section>
</section>

<section>
	<title>Statistics</title>
	<section>
		<title><varname>max_expires</varname></title>
		<para>
		Value of max_expires parameter.
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title><varname>max_contacts</varname></title>
		<para>
		The value of max_contacts parameter.
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title><varname>defaults_expires</varname></title>
		<para>
		The value of default_expires parameter.
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title><varname>accepted_regs</varname></title>
		<para>
		Number of accepted registrations.
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title><varname>rejected_regs</varname></title>
		<para>
		Number of rejected registrations.
		</para>
	</section>

</section>

	<section>
	<title>Pseudo Variables</title>
		
		<section>
			<title><varname>$ulc(profile=>attr)</varname></title>
			<para>
				Access the attributes of contact addresses stored in
				'profile'. It must be used after a call of
				<quote>reg_fetch_contacts()</quote>.
			</para>
			<para>
				The <quote>profile</quote> has to be one of the values used
				with <quote>reg_fetch_contacts()</quote>.
			</para>
			<para>
			The <quote>attr</quote> can be:
			</para>
			<itemizedlist>
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>aor</emphasis> - address of record
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>domain</emphasis> - use location domain name
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>aorhash</emphasis> - hash id for the record
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>count</emphasis> - number of contacts
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>addr</emphasis> - contact address
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>path</emphasis> - path vector
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>received</emphasis> - received address
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>expires</emphasis> - expires value
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>callid</emphasis> - call-id header value
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>q</emphasis> - the q value
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>flags</emphasis> - flags value
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>cflags</emphasis> - cflags value
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>user_agent</emphasis> - user agent
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>socket</emphasis> - local socket
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>modified</emphasis> - last modified time
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
				<para><emphasis>methods</emphasis> - methods value
				</para>
				</listitem>	  
			</itemizedlist>
			<para>
				The pseudo-variable accepts positive index value to access
				a specific contact record.
			</para>

			<example>
			<title><function moreinfo="none">$ulc(name)</function> usage</title>
<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
if(reg_fetch_contacts("location", "$fu", "caller"))
{
  xlog("caller=&gt;aor: $(ulc(caller=&gt;aor))\n");
  xlog("caller=&gt;domain: $(ulc(caller=&gt;domain))\n");
  xlog("caller=&gt;aorhash $(ulc(caller=&gt;aorhash))\n");
  xlog("caller=&gt;count $(ulc(caller=&gt;count))\n");
  $var(i) = 0;
  while($var(i) &lt; $(ulc(caller=&gt;count)))
  {
    xlog("--- contact [$var(i)]\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;addr:       $(ulc(caller=&gt;addr)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;path:       $(ulc(caller=&gt;path)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;received:   $(ulc(caller=&gt;received)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;expires:    $(ulc(caller=&gt;expires)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;callid:     $(ulc(caller=&gt;callid)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;q:          $(ulc(caller=&gt;q)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;cseq:       $(ulc(caller=&gt;cseq)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;flags:      $(ulc(caller=&gt;flags)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;cflags:     $(ulc(caller=&gt;cflags)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;user_agent: $(ulc(caller=&gt;user_agent)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;socket:     $(ulc(caller=&gt;socket)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;modified:   $(ulc(caller=&gt;modified)[$var(i)])\n");
    xlog("caller=&gt;methods:    $(ulc(caller=&gt;methods)[$var(i)])\n");
    $var(i) = $var(i) + 1;
  }
}
...
				 </programlisting>
			</example>
		</section>
	</section>

</chapter>