mtree Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   asipto.com

Edited by

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <miconda@gmail.com>

Juha Heinanen

   tutpro.com

Juha Heinanen

   <jh@tutpro.com>

   Copyright © 2010 Daniel-Constantin Mierla (asipto.com)

   Copyright © 2011 Juha Heinanen
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview
        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. db_url (string)
              3.2. db_table (string)
              3.3. mtree (string)
              3.4. tname_column (string)
              3.5. tprefix_column (string)
              3.6. tvalue_column (string)
              3.7. fetch_rows (integer)
              3.8. char_list (string)
              3.9. pv_value (string)
              3.10. pv_values (string)
              3.11. pv_dstid (string)
              3.12. pv_weight (string)
              3.13. pv_count (string)
              3.14. mt_tree_type (integer)
              3.15. mt_ignore_duplicates (integer)
              3.16. mt_allow_duplicates (integer)

        4. Functions

              4.1. mt_match(mtree, pv, mode)

        5. RPC Commands

              5.1. mtree.list
              5.2. mtree.summary
              5.3. mtree.reload
              5.4. mtree.match

   2. Developer Guide

        1. Available Functions

              1.1. mt_load_api(api)
              1.2. mt_match(msg, mtree, value, mode)

   List of Examples

   1.1. Set db_url parameter
   1.2. Set db_table parameter
   1.3. Set mtree parameter
   1.4. Set tname_column parameter
   1.5. Set tprefix_column parameter
   1.6. Set tvalue_column parameter
   1.7. Set fetch_rows parameter
   1.8. Set char_list parameter
   1.9. Set pv_value parameter
   1.10. Set pv_values parameter
   1.11. Set pv_dstid parameter
   1.12. Set pv_weight parameter
   1.13. Set pv_count parameter
   1.14. Set mt_tree_type parameter
   1.15. Set mt_ignore_duplicates parameter
   1.16. Set mt_allow_duplicates parameter
   1.17. mt_match usage
   1.18. mtree.list rpc usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview
   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. db_url (string)
        3.2. db_table (string)
        3.3. mtree (string)
        3.4. tname_column (string)
        3.5. tprefix_column (string)
        3.6. tvalue_column (string)
        3.7. fetch_rows (integer)
        3.8. char_list (string)
        3.9. pv_value (string)
        3.10. pv_values (string)
        3.11. pv_dstid (string)
        3.12. pv_weight (string)
        3.13. pv_count (string)
        3.14. mt_tree_type (integer)
        3.15. mt_ignore_duplicates (integer)
        3.16. mt_allow_duplicates (integer)

   4. Functions

        4.1. mt_match(mtree, pv, mode)

   5. RPC Commands

        5.1. mtree.list
        5.2. mtree.summary
        5.3. mtree.reload
        5.4. mtree.match

1. Overview

   This module loads (prefix, value) records from database and indexes
   them in a named memory tree. Name of the tree is specified for each
   record or as module parameter.

   It exports to configuration file functions to match against in-memory
   trees and return the values (raw or precompiled) associated with
   matched prefixes.

   The maximum size of the prefix is limited internally to 63, database
   table definition may enforce lower maximum size.

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * A Kamailio database module (e.g., mysql).

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed before
   running Kamailio with this module loaded:
     * None.

3. Parameters

   3.1. db_url (string)
   3.2. db_table (string)
   3.3. mtree (string)
   3.4. tname_column (string)
   3.5. tprefix_column (string)
   3.6. tvalue_column (string)
   3.7. fetch_rows (integer)
   3.8. char_list (string)
   3.9. pv_value (string)
   3.10. pv_values (string)
   3.11. pv_dstid (string)
   3.12. pv_weight (string)
   3.13. pv_count (string)
   3.14. mt_tree_type (integer)
   3.15. mt_ignore_duplicates (integer)
   3.16. mt_allow_duplicates (integer)

3.1. db_url (string)

   URL of the database server to be used.

   Default value is “mysql://kamailio:kamailiorw@localhost/kamailio”.

   Example 1.1. Set db_url parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "db_url", "dbdriver://username:password@dbhost/dbname")
...

3.2. db_table (string)

   Name of database table where data for many trees is stored. It is
   ignored if a 'mtree' parameter is defined. The SQL scripts creates a
   table named 'mtrees' that can be used for this parameter.

   Default value is “” (no table name).

   Example 1.2. Set db_table parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "db_table", "mtrees")
...

3.3. mtree (string)

   Definition of memory tree with using a parameters format string. The
   parameter names can be:
     * name - the name of the tree to be used for referencing inside
       configuration file.
     * dbtable - the name of the database table from where to load the
       records stored in the tree.
     * cols - the column names of the database table. They must be
       enclosed in quotes in order to form a valid SIP parameter value and
       be separated by comma. The first column corresponds to tprefix.
       When specified, there must be at least two columns. If this
       attribute is not specified, then the global module parameters for
       tprefix and tvalue are used. If more than one value columns are
       specified, the tree will pack the column values in a comma
       separated string, which will be associated with the prefix (string
       transformation {s.select,...) can be used in configuration file to
       extract a specific column value).
     * type - the type of tree elements (0 = string, 1 = d:w, 2 =
       integer). None-zero is valid only when the (tprefix, tvalue) pairs
       are loaded (not for multi-column values).
       When the type is 1, the value in database has to be two integers
       separated by colon, the first one (d - dstid) will be stored in
       pv_dstid AVP and the second (w - weight) will be stored in
       pv_weight AVP. If in the matching records are many with the same
       dstid, it will keep only the one with the longest prefix. Then the
       records are ordered by the weight and stored in the specified AVPs.
       The number of stored records is saved in pv_count variable.
     * multi - tells if dbtable can contain more than one tree (0 = one
       tree, 1 = more than one tree identified by tname column). It is
       valid only when the (tprefix, tvalue) pairs are loaded (not for
       multi-column values).

   This parameter can be set many times to add more trees in memory.

   Default value is “none”.

   Example 1.3. Set mtree parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "mtree", "name=mytree1;dbtable=routes1;type=0")
modparam("mtree", "mtree", "name=mytree2;dbtable=routes2;type=0;multi=1")
modparam("mtree", "mtree",
    "name=mytree1;dbtable=routes1;cols='key1,val1,val2,val3'")
...

3.4. tname_column (string)

   Name of 'tname' column.

   Default value is “tname”.

   Example 1.4. Set tname_column parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "tname_column", "name")
...

3.5. tprefix_column (string)

   Name of 'tprefix' column.

   Default value is “tprefix”.

   Example 1.5. Set tprefix_column parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "tprefix_column", "prefix")
...

3.6. tvalue_column (string)

   Name of 'tvalue' column.

   Default value is “tvalue”.

   Example 1.6. Set tvalue_column parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "tvalue_column", "ipaddr")
...

3.7. fetch_rows (integer)

   Number of rows to be loaded in one step from database.

   Default value is 1000.

   Example 1.7. Set fetch_rows parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "fetch_rows", 4000)
...

3.8. char_list (string)

   The list with characters allowed in prefix.

   Default value is “0123456789”.

   Example 1.8. Set char_list parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "char_list", "0123456789*+")
...

3.9. pv_value (string)

   The PV spec where to store the matched value. It can be any writable
   PV.

   Default value is “$avp(s:tvalue)”.

   Example 1.9. Set pv_value parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "pv_value", "$var(mtval)")
...

3.10. pv_values (string)

   The AVP where to store the matched values when mtree is of type 0 or 2
   and mode of mt_match() call has value 2.

   Default value is “$avp(s:tvalues)”.

   Example 1.10. Set pv_values parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "pv_values", "$avp(mtvals)")
...

3.11. pv_dstid (string)

   The AVP name where to store the first integer value when tree type is
   1.

   Default value is “$avp(tdstid)”.

   Example 1.11. Set pv_dstid parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "pv_dstid", "$var(dstid)")
...

3.12. pv_weight (string)

   The AVP name where to store the second integer value when tree type is
   1.

   Default value is “$avp(tweight)”.

   Example 1.12. Set pv_weight parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "pv_dstid", "$var(weight)")
...

3.13. pv_count (string)

   The PV spec where to store the count of matched values when tree type
   is 1. It can be any writable PV.

   Default value is “$avp(tcount)”.

   Example 1.13. Set pv_count parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "pv_count", "$var(count)")
...

3.14. mt_tree_type (integer)

   Default payload type for trees data stored in 'db_table'. Documented
   values are 0 for string payloads and 2 for integer payloads.

   Default value is 0.

   Example 1.14. Set mt_tree_type parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "mt_tree_type", 2)
...

3.15. mt_ignore_duplicates (integer)

   Ignore duplicated prefixes when loading data.

   Default value is 0.

   Example 1.15. Set mt_ignore_duplicates parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "mt_ignore_duplicates", 1)
...

3.16. mt_allow_duplicates (integer)

   Allow duplicate prefixes when loading data.

   Default value is 0.

   Example 1.16. Set mt_allow_duplicates parameter
...
modparam("mtree", "mt_allow_duplicates", 1)
...

4. Functions

   4.1. mt_match(mtree, pv, mode)

4.1.  mt_match(mtree, pv, mode)

   Match 'pv' value against 'mtree'. If 'mtree' type is 0 or 2 and value
   of 'mode' is NOT 2, sets associated value of the longest matching
   prefix to pseudo variable specified by pv_value parameter. If 'mtree'
   type is 0 or 2 and value of 'mode' is 2, sets values of all matching
   prefixes to avp specified by pv_values parameter so that a value of
   longest matching prefix is in avp index 0. Parameter 'mode' can be an
   integer constant or a pseudo variable with integer value.

   Returns 1 if match succeeded and -1 otherwise.

   Example 1.17. mt_match usage
...
mt_match("mytree", "$rU", "0");
...

5. RPC Commands

   5.1. mtree.list
   5.2. mtree.summary
   5.3. mtree.reload
   5.4. mtree.match

5.1.  mtree.list

   List content of one or all trees.

   Name: mtree.list

   Parameters:
     * _mtree_ : name of tree to list (optional).

   Example 1.18. mtree.list rpc usage
...
kamcmd mtree.list
kamcmd mtree.list mytree
...

5.2.  mtree.summary

   List usage summary for all trees or for the tree whose name is given as
   parameter.

   Parameters:
     * _mtree_ - (optional) the name of the tree.

5.3.  mtree.reload

   Reload mtree from database to memory.

   Parameters:
     * _mtree_
       - name of mtree or empty string meaning all mtrees

5.4.  mtree.match

   Match prefix value against mtree

   Parameters:
     * _mtree_
       - name of mtree
     * _prefix_
       - match prefix
     * _mode_
       - matching mode

Chapter 2. Developer Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Available Functions

        1.1. mt_load_api(api)
        1.2. mt_match(msg, mtree, value, mode)

1. Available Functions

   1.1. mt_load_api(api)
   1.2. mt_match(msg, mtree, value, mode)

1.1.  mt_load_api(api)

   The function imports all API functions that are exported by the mtree
   module (see sections below).

   Meaning of the parameters is as follows:
     * mtree_api_t* api - mtree API

1.2.  mt_match(msg, mtree, value, mode)

   Match 'value' against 'mtree' using 'mode' (see mt_match function Admin
   Guide documentation).

   Meaning of the parameters is as follows:
     * sip_msg_t *msg - SIP Request
     * str *mtree - Name of mtree
     * str *value - Value to match
     * int mode - Match mode