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<book>
    <bookinfo>
	<title>&ser; Frequently Asked Questions</title>
	<authorgroup>
	    <editor>
		<firstname>Jan</firstname>
		<surname>Janak</surname>
		<email>jan@iptel.org</email>
	    </editor>
	</authorgroup>
	<copyright>
	    <year>2003</year>
	    <holder>&fhg;</holder>
	</copyright>
	<abstract>
	    <para>
		A compilation of questions and answers from <email>serhelp@iptel.org</email>,
		<email>serusers@iptel.org</email>, and <email>serdev@iptel.org</email> mailing
		lists.
	    </para>
	</abstract>
    </bookinfo>
    <toc></toc>
    
    <chapter>
	<title>General</title>
	<qandaset>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is it possible to use &ser; as a &sip; user agent (both of User Agent Client
			(&uac;) and User Agent Server (&uas;)?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Not easily. &ser; has built-in some functions that allow to use it as user
			agent, but our primary goal is to develop a server so this is without
			guarantee and can even disappear in future versions.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Can &ser; work well together with some of the location server (e. g.LDAP or DNS) ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			&ser;'s built-in location server uses in-<acronym>RAM</acronym> database for
			high performance and optionally MySQL for persistence. More database
			protocols may be supplied on contractual basis. As far as I know,
			<acronym>DNS</acronym> is not used in the industry for user location.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What is a proxy server ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			A proxy server is an entity that routes &sip; messages. See &sip
			introduction which is part of the distribution.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    What is the difference between proxy server and back to back user agent (B2BUA) ?
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			The main difference is that proxy servers are transaction-stateful, while
			B2BUAs are call stateful. That means proxy servers keep state only during
			&sip; transactions (that is at the beginning and and of a call) and do not
			keep any state during the whole call.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			A B2BUA acts merely as connection of two or more user agents which are
			connected through some means. B2BUAs keep some state (usually some structures
			in the memory) during the whole call.
		    </simpara>
		    <para>
			This property gives B2BUA some interesting features that proxies don't
			have. For example B2BUA can tear down and existing call--proxies can't do
			that. On the other hand B2BUAs can easily become a bottleneck in terms of
			scalability.
		    </para>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			So is &ser; proxy or B2BUA ? Can it terminate an existing call ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			&ser; is a proxy. I can't terminate existing call.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I'd like to know if &ser; supports <acronym>CPL</acronym> and
			servlets. Where can I find any documentation about this, or any link ?
		    </simpara>
		    </question>
		    <answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, <acronym>CPL</acronym> is supported through cpl module, the module
			needs an external <acronym>CPL</acronym> interpreter written in Java. A C
			version is under development. There is no support for Java servlets. The
			documentation can be found at <ulink
			url="http://iptel.org/ser/doc">http://iptel.org/ser/doc</ulink>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I wanted to know whether &lt;PUT_YOUR_FAVOURITE_METHOD_HERE&gt; is supported
			by &ser;.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Proxy server are indifferent of non-INVITEs methods. &lt;METHOD&gt; works as
			good as BYE, INFO, and FOOBAR.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I was wondering if &ser; has been tested and is supported on FreeBSD ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Does &ser; support <acronym>TCP</acronym> ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I think I found a bug that should be fixed, what information should I send
			and where should I send it?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Please send us as much info as possible. We would like see the following:
		    </simpara>
		    <itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			    <simpara>&ser; version (ser -V).</simpara>
			</listitem>
		    </itemizedlist>
		    <itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			    <simpara>Configuration file.</simpara>
			</listitem>
		    </itemizedlist>
		    <itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			    <simpara>&sip; message dumps.</simpara>
			</listitem>
		    </itemizedlist>
		    <itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			    <simpara>Coredump (if any, if not please generate it).</simpara>
			</listitem>
		    </itemizedlist>
		    <itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			    <simpara>Anything else you think might help us.</simpara>
			</listitem>
		    </itemizedlist>
		    <itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			    <simpara>The whole compiled source tree.</simpara>
			</listitem>
		    </itemizedlist>
		    <simpara>
			Please send it to <email>serhelp@iptel.org</email>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How does &ser; scale ?
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			&ser; is able to handle thousands calls per second on a regular
			<acronym>PC</acronym>.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I read <quote>Throughput thousands of calls per second
			    (<acronym>CPS</acronym>) on a dual-<acronym>CPU</acronym>
			    <acronym>PC</acronym></quote> on your webpage. How fast is it really ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Last time we have  checked ~4900cps on a dual Athlon MP2000.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			This was ser 0.8.9 running statefully (stateless is should be much faster),
			with 4 processes and 256 Mb shared mem.  It was compiled with: STATS:Off,
			USE_IPV6, NO_DEBUG, SHM_MEM, SHM_MMAP, PKG_MALLOC, F_MALLOC,
			FAST_LOCK-ADAPTIVE_WAIT ADAPTIVE_WAIT_LOOPS=1024, MAX_RECV_BUFFER_SIZE
			262144, MAX_LISTEN 16, MAX_URI_SIZE 1024, BUF_SIZE 3040
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Do you think that &ser; is suitable for a commercial environment in your opinion ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Sure.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Do you have any recommendations on additional open source or developer
			community resources to round out my platform?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			I'm a &ser; believer and think that other servers simply don't compare :) If
			you wish more detailed propaganda, check our website and if that is not
			enough I will send you some more.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Do you have any thoughts on how it compares in deployability and features to
			the Vovida stuff or other options ? Also, are there any issues I should be
			thinking of that would make a commercial venture with &ser; difficult
			(licensing, scaling, etc..)
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			&ser; is licensed under &gnu; &gpl;. I would be surprised if any &sip;
			server available today would scale a bit better--we spent lot of work on
			performance, achieved thousands of <acronym>CPS</acronym> on a
			<acronym>PC</acronym>--I guess it will take lot of time until your demand
			hits this capacity.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Does &ser; have the capability to automatically send an INVITE from one
			number to another?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes if the phones support REFER. There is an application called
			Click-To-Dial which can connect two phones.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is it necessary to have a <acronym>DNS SVR</acronym> Resource Record, as
			mentioned in the ser-Howto guide for connecting to &ser; ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No. It's nice to have it, but you can work around it setting a normal A
			record for your domain. The <acronym>SRV</acronym> lookup will fall back to
			normal A lookup.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What would you charge to help get us started?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			See <ulink url="http://iptel.org/support">http://iptel.org/support</ulink>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Are you going to provide integration support from &sip; to H.323 and vice
			versa ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No, we are not going to provide the integration.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I've gone thru the &ser; Admin's Guide and the module documentation
			(sip_router/modules/). Is there additional documentation on how to use the
			modules?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Each module has a doc subdirectory which contains complete documentation of
			the module in docbook format. <acronym>PS</acronym>, <acronym>PDF</acronym>
			and <acronym>HTML</acronym> renderings can be obtained through our web page,
			see <ulink url="http://iptel.org/ser/doc">http://iptel.org/ser/doc</ulink>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What functions would I use in my ser.cfg to log <quote>missed calls</quote>?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Are there some additional requirements for using the acc.so module?  Radius?
			I want to be able to view dialed calls from serweb.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Do you have any example configs that use nathelper?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Who are the people behind &ser; ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How successful has nathelper been with <acronym>NAT</acronym>/firewall transversal?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			I only know that users reported success with nathelper and ATAs.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Does ser support <acronym>LDAP</acronym> ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is it possible to get access to iptel's working copy of ser.cfg?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			We no longer disclose our operational policy to the public audience. The
			configuration file is only available to our customers under <acronym>NDA</acronym>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Can you send me detail for me to sign up for the commercial program. I would
			also like detail on your levels of support you offer (ie...paid support)?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			See <ulink
			    url="http://iptel.org/support/">http://iptel.org/support/</ulink>. Don't
			    hesitate to approach us if you have any further questions.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I need a method to determine if a called &uri; has an account on the system.
			I found a function in the groups module,
			<function>is_user_in</function>. but haven't yet figured out how to use it.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			The uri module's <function>does_uri_exist</function> is what you are seeking.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			We have a question regarding usrloc: where are the active sessions
			being stored? We were not able to find any entries in MySQL.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			&ser; has no notion of active session. &ser; is a transaction-stateful proxy,
			that means it knows about transactions (INVITE transaction, BYE
			transaction), but it keeps no state if there is no transaction active.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			That means, it keeps state when an INVITE comes and until a final response
			to the INVITE is sent. The same for BYE.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Has the timeout for re-registering at the &ua; to be the same as in the tm
			module mentioned in <filename>ser.cfg</filename> ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How do we deal with aliases? If for example uid=mic is authenticated, he is
			available with sip address sip:mic@comnect.at. If I would want to be
			addressable with michael.dosser@comnect.at how is this accomplished with ser
			?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Aliases are tied to user location. It uses a special table which has the
			same structure as user location table and includes an entry for each
			alias. You do not have to do something special for that. You have to create
			this table and then you can use serctl to add aliases.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I would like to know if &ser; supports <acronym>IPv6</acronym>. If not, do
			you have any plans for it ? When ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, &ser; supports <acronym>IPv6</acronym>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is there any way to change the default log file to a special SER.log file ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Try logging to stderr and redirecting it to a file:
		    </simpara>
		    <screen format="linespecific">
ser -E     2>/tmp/ser.log
</screen>
		    <simpara>
			(by default ser logs to syslog)
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Does anybody know anything about the P-Hint Header Field added from &ser;?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			<ulink url="http://www.iptel.org/ser/doc/seruser-html/c638.html#AEN729">
			    http://www.iptel.org/ser/doc/seruser-html/c638.html#AEN729
			</ulink>
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			When using the Jabber Gateway, some users get the following error from time to
			time:
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			ERROR: Connection to Jabber server lost. You have to login to Jabber server
			again (join again the conferences that you were participating, too).
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			sip_to_jabber_gateway says:
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			INFO: Your are now offline in Jabber network. Thank you for using &sip;-Jabber
			gateway.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			Do you know the reason why these messages appear and if it is possible to
			avoid them?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			that usually occurs because Jabber server crashes or, for some unknown
			reasons, the <acronym>TCP</acronym> connection with jabber server is
			down. The second message is to inform the users that they are no more
			connected to Jabber network.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			There is no way to disable sending these messages. I may introduce a new
			parameter to enable/disable them. But I am not sure it is a good idea (users
			must be informed about the changes of the status).
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I would like know if &ser; support also the transmission protocol
			<acronym>TCP</acronym>, or <acronym>TLS</acronym>.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, &ser; supports <acronym>TCP</acronym>. <acronym>TLS</acronym> is work
			in progress.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I'm trying to rewrite the to domain, as in:
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			To: &lt;sip:19723236598@augustvoice.net&gt; ;user=phone.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			I can't find any rewrite* function to rewrite the
			to domain.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			The proxy is not supposed to touch To or From &uri;s. Only Request-&uri; can
			be changed.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			When the messenger sends a message for the jabber gateway the following
			error occurs:
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			<quote>ERROR: Your message was not sent. You do not have permissions to use the
			    gateway.</quote>
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			What could be the problem here?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			You have to create the database for SIMPLE2Jabber gateway and after that you
			have to associate &sip; users with Jabber IDs.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			<ulink
			    url="http://www.iptel.org/ser/doc/jabgw/xjab-manual.html#5._Admins_guide">
			    http://www.iptel.org/ser/doc/jabgw/xjab-manual.html#5._Admins_guide
			</ulink>
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Authentication doesn't work!!!  Where am I wrong?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Windows Messenger needs same string both realm and SIP_DOMAIN, and it wants
			to reach this address oh your network.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I was wondering whether there is a ser module for
			<acronym>SIP-CGI</acronym>. Or whether there are attempts at creating one?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			There is no <acronym>SIP-CGI</acronym> module for &ser;. The most similar,
			though much simpler, functionality is provided by the exec module.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How could I integrate &sip; and H323 together?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			You will need a &sip; to H.323 gateway. &ser; is a &sip; proxy only, it
			cannot act as H.323 gateway.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How can I contribute code ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What, if anything, should the &ser; server do with a OPTIONS method?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What should I do to see the detailed debugs?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Set debug=9 in your config script.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is it possible for &ser; to forward a call to another phone if the recipient
			does not answer?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			This could be achieved with sequential forking (by trying contacts in
			decreasing q order), but sequential forking is not yet supported in &ser;.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is it possible to configure &ser; so that it only has the latest
			registration?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			mkdir: cannot create directory `/usr/local/etc/ser': Permission denied
			make: *** [/usr/local/etc/ser] Error 1
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			what may be the error ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			You have no write permissions to the directory, try it again as root.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Can a proxy terminate a call ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No, proxy cannot do that because it is transaction stateful only.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			i want to know what accounting support is available using MySql. what
			settings need to be done? are any records generated and placed in the
			database? how do i access these records?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			It seems that &ser; supports only strict routing. Please tell me if it
			supports loose routing. if yes, do i have to enable it somehow?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, it does support loose routing as of 0.8.11, you don't have to enable it.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I need to know if currently generated call records can be put into MySql
			database. if yes, is there any tool available to view these records?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Serweb can do it.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			If I want to use &ser; commercially do I need to purchase any license for
			the same, as long as I'm not going to charge the customer for the &sip;
			service but only for the termination of calls.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			&ser; is distributed under the &gpl; so you don't need to purchase any
			license, you can use it freely.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is there a support for accounting ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, see acc module.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What tool can I use to capture &sip; traffic ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			<ulink url="http://ngrep.sourceforge.net">ngrep</ulink>, <ulink
			    url="http://www.ethereal.com">ethereal</ulink>, <ulink
			    url="http:/www.tcpdump.org">tcpdump</ulink>.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is there ENUM support in &ser; ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, see enum module.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Do you have any experience (or know) where I can get some info on setting up
			an ENUM testbed with <acronym>DNS</acronym> and Linux?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			if by testbed you mean running your own e164.arpa root, then you simply
			make your dns server a root for e164.arpa domain by adding line
		    </simpara>
		    <programlisting format="linespecific">
primary         e164.arpa               e164.arpa.db
</programlisting>
		    <simpara>
			into your named.boot file and then by populating file e164.arpa.db with
			your enum entries.  Below is an example.
		    </simpara>
		    <programlisting format="linespecific">
$ORIGIN .
$TTL 0  ; 0 seconds
e164.arpa               IN SOA  foo.fi. hostmaster.foo.fi. (
                                200204681  ; serial
				28800      ; refresh (8 hours)
				7200       ; retry (2 hours)
				604800     ; expire (1 week)
				86400      ; minimum (1 day)
			)
		        NS      foo.fi.
$ORIGIN e164.arpa.
$ORIGIN 8.5.3.e164.arpa.
$ORIGIN 9.3.8.1.5.6.2.8.5.3.e164.arpa.
3.1   NAPTR   1 1 <quote>u</quote> <quote>E2U+sip</quote> <quote>!(^.*$)!sip:abc@bar.fi!i</quote> .
</programlisting>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Will &ser; support <acronym>STUN</acronym> in the future?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			<acronym>STUN</acronym> is a protocol operated separately from &ser;
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is there any way to show active calls (dialed number, duration, originating
			<acronym>IP</acronym>...) with &ser;?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No, ser is not call stateful.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			If I'm working with &rfc2543; compliant phones (such as
			<acronym>ATA</acronym>) may I use loose routing?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes, loose routing is backwards compatible.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How can I configure radiator for digest authentication?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			In case of radiator, you don't need to do anything special in the
			configuration.  Just install the latest radiator and then make sure your
			config can handle the service-types you have configured ser to use. For
			example, you can have
		    </simpara>
		    <programlisting format="linespecific">
&lt;Handler Service-Type=SIP&gt;
...
&lt;/AuthBy&gt;
</programlisting>
		    <simpara>
			Or whatever your strategy is.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How can I configure radiator for digest authentication?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			see freeradius-0.8.1/doc/rlm_digest
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Trying to create alias, I am getting the following message:
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			<quote>400 Table 'aliases' Not Found</quote>
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			You must have lookup(<quote>aliases</quote>) somewhere in your script.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>

	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Also how much shared memory does &ser; allocate by default?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			32 Mb.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How can I identify what ser doesn't like about the config file?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <programlisting format="linespecific">
0(612) parse error (81,1-10): syntax error
0(612) parse error (91,1-6):
                    ^^^^^^
</programlisting>
		    <simpara>
			These are the line number and the characters. So look in line 81 and 91 of
			your config file for errors.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <programlisting format="linespecific">
Warning: 392 216.87.144.203:5060 "Noisy feedback tells:  pid=19604
req_src_ip=216.87.144.205 req_src_port=5065 in_uri=sip:addaline.com
out_uri=sip:addaline.com via_cnt==1".
</programlisting>
		    <simpara>
			I want to get rid of these?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Use sip_warning=no
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is &ser; a gatekeeper ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No, &ser; is a &sip; proxy.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is there an example of the session timer with &ser; somewhere?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			That's a theoretical &sip; option today, &ser; is not supporting
			session-timer.  We gave it a try more than one year ago and gave up due to
			interop problems.  The specification was developing at that time so quickly
			that there was not any UA which would work with another one correctly.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			Once the interoperability gets better, it could be worth implementing. It is
			in general a nice mechanism for avoiding session state silo in network,
			which is good for scalability.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Could someone point me where I can read about this www_authorize()
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			The documentation is in sip_router/modules/auth_db/doc
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			The function tries to verify user's credentials. It returns 1 if they are
			correct and -1 if not.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I'm new to &ser; and would like to set up a test lab with a couple different
			ip phones / adapters to learn from. Could someone recommend a few devices
			that we could use for that purpose?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Hardphones: Grandstream, Cisco, ATA, Mitel, Pingtel, Snom
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			Softphones: kphone, Xten, Windows Messenger, Hotsip client.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			how can i configure my ser for multiple domains?
			For example andrea@foo.bar and andrea@foo2.bar on the same server?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			If you are using 0.8.10, it is a manual process--copy and paste
			<acronym>SQL</acronym> tables, have a table set for each served domain, and
			refer to the table names from your scripts. E.g.,
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			if (uri=~"domain1.com") { lookup("domain1"); ...
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			With 0.8.11 you can automate the process quite a lot. Authorization
			functions with realm set to empty value take domain name from &sip;
			requests. User location database keeps track of domains as well. The
			<quote>domain</quote> modules allows you to keep track of maintained domains
			in a way which does not take changing scripts.
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			It is possible there are some magic options in domain/usrloc/auth_db/
			registrar/auth modules you need to turn on to enable multidomain
			operation--I don't remember these by heart, hopefuly some people
			on the mailing list do.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I am testing &ser; version 0.8.11pre29 with two <acronym>MSN</acronym>
			Messenger(v4.6) clients. I tried to send the following MESSAGE through &ser;
			with record-route header added by &ser;. However, the receiving
			<acronym>MSN</acronym> client responded with a 400 Bad Request for that
			message.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			It's <acronym>MSN</acronym> Messenger's bug--lr parameter is not
			recognized as specified in &rfc3261;. Use
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			modparam(<quote>rr</quote>, <quote>enable_full_lr</quote>, 1)
		    </simpara>
		    <simpara>
			in ser config file to make it working.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			I have got an H.323 Mediatrix <acronym>FXO</acronym> gateway. It is not &sip;
			based. May I use it with &ser; ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			No.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			It is possible to process the voicemail request on the same instance I use to
			forward/register users ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			How can I checkout the sources from the <acronym>CVS</acronym> ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Are there any binary packages available ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What is symmetric signaling ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			What is &sip;, <acronym>SIMPLE</acronym>, &sdp;, Proxy, Registrar, Redirect server ?
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			FIXME.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>
	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			&ser; starts normally with the default <filename>ser.cfg</filename>. When I
			uncommented the line load module
			<quote>/usr/local/lib/ser/modules/mysql.so</quote> to load mysql.so,
			everything seems normally. But actually, ser stops abnormally.
		    </simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			mysql module is excluded from compilation/installation by default
			(dependencies issue). You can compile it separately with: make modules
			modules=modules/mysql. Also, you can add it in the list of the default
			compiled modules with: make all include_modules=<quote>mysql</quote>.  Then
			use: make install include_modules=<quote>mysql</quote>. To install only the
			modules: make install-modules include_modules=<quote>mysql</quote> or only
			the mysql module: make install-modules modules=modules/mysql.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>

	    <qandaentry>
		<question>
		    <simpara>
			Is ser compatible with MySQL 4.x ?
		</simpara>
		</question>
		<answer>
		    <simpara>
			Yes.
		    </simpara>
		</answer>
	    </qandaentry>

	</qandaset>
    </chapter>
</book>