<?xml version="1.0" encoding='ISO-8859-1'?>
<!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN" "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.4/docbookx.dtd" [
	<!-- Include general documentation entities -->
	<!ENTITY % docentities SYSTEM "../../../../doc/docbook/entities.xml">
	%docentities;
]>
<!-- Module User's Guide -->

<chapter xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude">
	<title>&adminguide;</title>


	<section>
		<title>Overview</title>
		<para>
			The module provides an NATS consumer for &kamailio;.
			NATS is a real time distributed messaging platform, more details about it
			can be found at
			<ulink url="https://nats.io">nats.io</ulink>
			.
		</para>
		<para>
			From a high-level perspective, the module may be used for:
			<itemizedlist>
				<listitem>
					<para>
						Provide a real-time distributed messaging layer in &kamailio;
					</para>
				</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>


		<para>
			Supported NATS operations are:
			<itemizedlist>
				<listitem>
					<para>
						Subscribe to a Subject and Queue Group
					</para>
				</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>

	</section>
	<section>
		<title>How it works</title>
		<para>
			The module creates invokes a consumer process for each defined `subject_queue_group`. The messages are visible in event routes matching the "subject" name.
		</para>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title>Dependencies</title>
		<section>
			<title>&kamailio; Modules</title>
			<para>
				The following modules must be loaded before this module:
				<itemizedlist>
					<listitem>
						<para>
							<emphasis>none</emphasis>
							.
						</para>
					</listitem>
				</itemizedlist>
			</para>
		</section>
		<section>
			<title>External Libraries or Applications</title>
			<para>
				The following libraries or applications must be installed
				<itemizedlist>
					<listitem>
						<para>
							<emphasis>libuv</emphasis>
						</para>
					</listitem>
					<listitem>
						<para>
							<emphasis>nats.c</emphasis>
							-
							<ulink url="https://github.com/nats-io/nats.c/releases">https://github.com/nats-io/nats.c/releases</ulink>
						</para>
					</listitem>
				</itemizedlist>
			</para>
		</section>
	</section>


	<section>
		<title>Parameters</title>
		<section>
			<title>
				<varname>nats_url</varname>
				(str)
			</title>
			<para>
				The nats url.
			</para>
			<para>
				Usage: nats related.
			</para>
			<para>
				<emphasis>Default value is nats://127.0.0.1:4222</emphasis>
			</para>
			<example>
				<title>
					Set
					<varname>nats_url</varname>
					parameter
				</title>
				<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("nats", "nats_url", "nats://127.0.0.1:4222")
modparam("nats", "nats_url", "nats://user1:pass1127.0.1.2:4222") // with auth
modparam("nats", "nats_url", "nats://127.1.2.3:4222")
...
</programlisting>
			</example>
		</section>
		<section>
			<title>
				<varname>subject_queue_group</varname>
				(str)
			</title>
			<para>
				The NATS Subject and Queue Group. Separated by ":"
			</para>
			<para>
				Usage: nats related.
			</para>
			<para>
				<emphasis>Default value is not set.</emphasis>
			</para>
			<example>
				<title>
					Set
					<varname>subject_queue_group</varname>
					parameter
				</title>
				<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("nats", "subject_queue_group", "Kamailio-World:2020")
modparam("nats", "subject_queue_group", "Kamailio-World:2021") // this will create two processes for the Kamailio-World subject
modparam("nats", "subject_queue_group", "MyQueue1:2021")
modparam("nats", "subject_queue_group", "MyQueue2:2021")
...
				</programlisting>
			</example>
		</section>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>Pseudo Variables</title>
		<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
				<para>
					<emphasis>$natsData</emphasis>
					Contains the payload of a consumed message
				</para>
			</listitem>
			<example>
				<title>Example usage of $natsData pseudo variable</title>
				<programlisting format="linespecific">
	...
	xlog("L_INFO", "received payload $natsData");
}

</programlisting>
			</example>
		</itemizedlist>
	</section>

	<section>
		<title>Event Routes</title>
		<para>
				The worker process issues an event-route where we can act on the received payload. The name of the event-route name must match the subject of the message.
			</para>
		<example>
			<title>Define the event routes</title>
			<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("nats", "subject_queue_group", "Kamailio-World:2021")
modparam("nats", "subject_queue_group", "MyQueue1:2021")
...

event_route[nats:Kamailio-World]
{
	if ($(natsData{json.parse,Event-Package}) == "dialog") {
		xlog("L_INFO", "received $(natsData{json.parse,Event-Package}) update for $(natsData{json.parse,From})");
		pua_json_publish($natsData);
	}
}

event_route[nats:MyQueue1]
{
	xlog("L_INFO", "received $(natsData{json.parse,Event-Package}) update for $(natsData{json.parse,From})");
	...
}

</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>


</chapter>