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<!-- Module User's Guide -->

<chapter>

	<title>&adminguide;</title>

	<section>
	<title>Overview</title>
	<para>
		This module provides reimplementation of a few very old functions that
		used to be in the core and supported only static string or integer parameters.
		The new versions bring support for dynamic parameters (allowing
		variables inside the parameters).
	</para>
	<para>
		There are also brand new features, related to core internals, but
		controlled from configuration file or via control interfaces.
	</para>
	<para>
		Contributions to this module must be done under the BSD license, to
		follow the requirements of the core contributions.
	</para>
	<para>
		This module now also provides access to network input / output (nio) data through
		event_route[network:msg]. The raw data received from a remote host or about to
		be sent to a remote host is available in variable $mb. The script writer may
		manipulate this data and save the final result in an AVP defined by msg_avp
		module parameter. The content of this AVP will then be processed by SIP worker
		as normal, i.e. a received message will be parsed and sent to appropriate
		route block while a sent message is forwarded to remote host.
	</para>
	</section>

	<section>
	<title>Dependencies</title>
	<section>
		<title>&kamailio; Modules</title>
		<para>
		The following modules must be loaded before this module:
			<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>None</emphasis>.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>External Libraries or Applications</title>
		<para>
		The following libraries or applications must be installed before running
		&kamailio; with this module loaded:
			<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>None</emphasis>
			</para>
			</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>
	</section>
	</section>

    <section>
	<title>Parameters</title>
	<section id="corex.p.alias_subdomains">
	    <title><varname>alias_subdomains</varname> (string)</title>
	    <para>
		Register a domain and all its sub-domains to match the <quote>myself</quote>
		condition. It can be set many times. Its full format is:
		'proto:domain:port', allowing to set restrictions on protocol
		and port as well. Protocol and port are optional.
	    </para>
	    <para>
		<emphasis>
		    Default value is <quote>NULL</quote>.
		</emphasis>
	    </para>
	    <example>
		<title>Set <varname>alias_subdomains</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("corex", "alias_subdomains", "kamailio.org")
modparam("corex", "alias_subdomains", "udp:sip-router.org:5060")
...
</programlisting>
	    </example>
	</section>
	<section id="corex.p.dns_cache">
	    <title><varname>dns_cache</varname> (string)</title>
	    <para>
		Add A or AAAA records to internal DNS cache at startup. It can be set
		many times to add more than one record.
	    </para>
	    <para>
		The format of the value follows the SIP params style:
		"attr1=val1;attr2=val2;...". The attributes can be:
	    </para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>type</emphasis> - it can be "A" (IPv4) or "AAAA" (IPv6)
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>name</emphasis> - the domain name
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>addr</emphasis> - the IP address
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>ttl</emphasis> - TTL value
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
			<emphasis>flags</emphasis> - can be: 1 - the domain is unresolvable
			(like blacklisted); 2 - the record is permanent (never times out,
			never deleted, never overwritten)
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
	    <para>
		<emphasis>
		    Default value is <quote>NULL</quote>.
		</emphasis>
	    </para>
	    <example>
		<title>Set <varname>dns_cache</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("corex", "dns_cache", "type=A;name=kamailio.org;addr=193.22.119.66;ttl=3600000;flags=0")
modparam("corex", "dns_cache", "type=AAAA;name=kamailio.org;addr=2a00:d60:0:400::2;ttl=3600000;flags=0")
...
</programlisting>
	    </example>
	</section>
    <section id="corex.p.nio_intercept">
        <title><varname>nio_intercept</varname> (int)</title>
        <para>
            If set to non-zero then raw data received from a remote host or about to
			be sent to a remote host is made available in event_route[network:msg].
			The script writer may modify this and save to msg_avp, which will then
			be processed by SIP worker as normal.
        </para>
        <para>
        <emphasis>
            Default value is 0, i.e. do not allow access to network io data.
        </emphasis>
        </para>
        <example>
        <title>Set <varname>nio_intercept</varname> parameter</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("corex", "nio_intercept", 1)
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
    </section>
    <section id="corex.p.nio_min_msg_len">
        <title><varname>nio_min_msg_len</varname> (int)</title>
        <para>
            Minimum content length of the packet to execute the event_route[network:msg].
			This only works if nio_intercept parameter is set to non-zero.
        </para>
        <para>
        <emphasis>
            Default value is 0.
        </emphasis>
        </para>
        <example>
        <title>Set <varname>nio_min_msg_len</varname> parameter</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("corex", "nio_min_msg_len", 32)
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
    </section>
    <section id="corex.p.nio_msg_avp">
        <title><varname>nio_msg_avp</varname> (string)</title>
        <para>
            AVP name to store modified content to be set in the packet. If not set in
            event_route[network:msg], then all changes are lost and original contents
            are used. This only works if nio_intercept parameter is to set non-zero.
        </para>
        <para>
        <emphasis>
            Default value is empty.
        </emphasis>
        </para>
        <example>
        <title>Set <varname>nio_msg_avp</varname> parameter</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("corex", "nio_msg_avp", "$avp(msg)")
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
    </section>
	</section>

	<section>
	<title>Functions</title>
	<section id="corex.f.append_branch">
	    <title>
		<function moreinfo="none">append_branch([ uri, [ q ] ])</function>
	    </title>
	    <para>
			Append a new branch to the destination set, useful to build the
			set of destination addresses for parallel forking or redirect replies.
		</para>
		<para>
			Both parameters are optional, If no uri parameter is provided,
			then the address from request URI (r-uri) is used to build the
			new branch.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>uri</emphasis> - SIP address of the branch to be
				used as R-URI in the outgoing request.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>q</emphasis> - the Q value to set the priority
				of the branch based on Contact address specifications
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE or FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>append_branch</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
    append_branch();
    append_branch("$avp(uri)", "0.5");
...
</programlisting>
	    </example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.send_udp">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">send_udp([ host [ :port ] ])</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Send the original SIP message to a specific destination in stateless
			mode. No changes are applied to received message, no Via header is
			added. Host can be an IP address or hostname. Port is optional and
			defaults to 5060. Used protocol: UDP.
		</para>
		<para>
			The parameter is optional and defaults to the destination URI from
			the SIP message if left out. Otherwise it's a string parameter
			(supporting pseudo-variables) in format
			"<emphasis>hostname</emphasis>" or
			"<emphasis>hostname</emphasis>:<emphasis>port</emphasis>",
			where <emphasis>hostname</emphasis>" can also be a numeric IP
			address.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE or FAILURE_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>send_udp</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
	send_udp();
	send_udp("10.20.15.10");
	send_udp("sip.example.com:5070");
	send_udp("$var(res)");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.send_tcp">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">send_tcp([ host [ :port ] ])</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			This function is identical to <emphasis>send_udp()</emphasis>
			described above, except that it sends the SIP message using the
			TCP protocol instead of UDP.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>send_tcp</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
	send_tcp();
	send_tcp("10.20.15.10");
	send_tcp("sip.example.com:5070");
	send_tcp("$var(res)");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.send_data">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">send_data(uri, data)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Send the data to address specified by uri. Both parameters can
			contain pseudo-variables. The uri parameter has to be a valid
			SIP URI. The data parameter can by any arbitrary content.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>send_data</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
	send_data("sip:example.com:5070;transport=sctp", "Message at $Ts");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.sendx">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">sendx(uri, sock, data)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Send the data to address specified by uri using a specific local
			socket. All parameters can contain pseudo-variables. The uri
			parameter has to be a valid SIP URI. The sock parameter has to be
			a valid socket specifier (like values assigned to $fs). The data
			parameter can by any arbitrary content.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>sendx</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
sendx("sip:example.com:5070;transport=sctp", "sctp:2.3.4.5:5060", "Message at $Ts");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.is_incoming">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">is_incoming()</function>
		</title>
        <para>
            Returns true if contents of message buffer $mb are the data received from
            remote host, otherwise false indicating that the contents of $mb are data
            that is about to be sent out to remote host. This only works if
			nio_intercept parameter is set to non-zero.
        </para>
        <para>
        This function can be used from event_route[network:msg].
        </para>
        <example>
        <title><function>is_incoming</function> usage</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
event_route[network:msg] {
    if (is_incoming()) {
        xlog("L_INFO", "Received message '$mb' \n");
        $avp(msg) = $mb;
    } else {
        xlog("L_INFO", "Sending message '$mb' \n");
        $avp(msg) = $mb;
    };
}
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
    </section>

	<section id="corex.f.msg_iflag_set">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">msg_iflag_set(flagname)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Set internal SIP message flag. The parameter flagname can be:
			USE_UAC_FROM, USE_UAC_TO or UAC_AUTH.
		</para>
		<para>
			This functions should not be used in configuration file for
			(re)setting the internal flags, those are done by various
			functions internally, however, in very particular cases they
			might be useful (e.g., changing From/To via textops functions).
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>msg_iflag_set</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
    msg_iflag_set("UAC_AUTH");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.msg_iflag_reset">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">msg_iflag_reset(flagname)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Reset the internal flag given as parameter.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>msg_iflag_reset</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
    msg_iflag_reset("UAC_AUTH");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.msg_iflag_is_set">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">msg_iflag_is_set(flagname)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Test if the internal flag given as parameter is set.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>msg_iflag_is_set</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
    if(msg_iflag_is_set("UAC_AUTH")) { ... }
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.file_read">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">file_read(fpath, var)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Read content of a text file into a variable.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>file_read</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
if(file_read("/tmp/data.txt", "$var(data)")) { ... }
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>

	<section id="corex.f.file_write">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">file_write(fpath, content)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Write content of parameter to a text file.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>file_write</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
if(file_write("/tmp/data.txt", "Data is: $var(data)")) { ... }
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
		<section id="corex.f.setxflag">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">setxflag(flag)</function></title>
		<para>
			Set the extended message (transaction) flag.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>flag</emphasis> - the index of the flag to
				be set. Can be integer or pseudo-variable with integer value
				(range 0-63).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>setxflag</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
setxflag("1");
...
$var(flag) = 11;
setxflag("$var(flag)");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.isxflagset">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">isxflagset(flag)</function></title>
		<para>
			Return true of the extended message (transaction) flag is set.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>flag</emphasis> - the index of the flag to
				be tested. Can be integer or pseudo-variable with integer value
				(range 0-63).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>isxflagset</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
if(isxflagset("1"))
{
    ...
}
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.resetxflag">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">resetxflag(flag)</function></title>
		<para>
			Reset the extended message (transaction) flag.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>flag</emphasis> - the index of the flag to
				be reset. Can be integer or pseudo-variable with integer value
				(range 0-63).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>resetxflag</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
resetxflag("1");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.set_send_socket">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">set_send_socket(saddr)</function></title>
		<para>
			Set the socket for sending out.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>saddr</emphasis> - the address of the local socket
				(listen address). Can be a static string or contain
				pseudo-variable.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>set_send_socket</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
set_send_socket("udp:127.0.0.1:5060");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.set_send_socket_name">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">set_send_socket_name(sname)</function></title>
		<para>
			Set the socket for sending out.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>sname</emphasis> - the name of the local socket
				(listen address). Can be a static string or contain
				pseudo-variable.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>set_send_socket_name</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
set_send_socket_name("sock1");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.set_recv_socket">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">set_recv_socket(saddr)</function></title>
		<para>
			Switch local socket used for receiving the message.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>saddr</emphasis> - the address of the local socket
				(listen address). Can be a static string or contain
				pseudo-variable.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>set_recv_socket</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
set_recv_socket("udp:127.0.0.1:5060");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.set_recv_socket_name">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">set_recv_socket_name(sname)</function></title>
		<para>
			Switch local socket used for receiving the message.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>sname</emphasis> - the name of the local socket
				(listen address). Can be a static string or contain
				pseudo-variable.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>set_recv_socket_name</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
set_recv_socket_name("sock1");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.set_source_address">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">set_source_address(saddr)</function></title>
		<para>
			Set the source address for the message.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>saddr</emphasis> - the source address in socket format.
				Can be a static string or contain pseudo-variable.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>set_source_address</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
set_source_address("udp:127.0.0.1:5080");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.via_add_srvid">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">via_add_srvid(flags)</function></title>
		<para>
			Control if srvid parameter is added or not to local Via. If yes,
			the value is server_id, added only if it is different than 0.
		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>flags</emphasis>: 1 - add srvid parameter; 0 - do not
				add srvid parameter.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>via_add_srvid</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
via_add_srv("1");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.via_add_xavp_params">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">via_add_xavp_params(flags)</function></title>
		<para>
			Control if fields of the xavp with the name specified by
			xavp_via_params global parameter are added or not to local Via.

		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>flags</emphasis>: 1 - add xavp parameters; 0 - do not
				add xavp parameters.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>via_add_xavp_params</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
xavp_via_params="xvia"
...
request_route {
    ...
	$xavp(xvia=&gt;srvid) = "1";
	$xavp(xvia[0]=&gt;myval) = "xyz";
    via_add_xavp_params("1");
    ...
}
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
		<section id="corex.f.via_use_xavp_fields">
		<title><function moreinfo="none">via_use_xavp_fields(flags)</function></title>
		<para>
			Control if fields of the xavp with the name specified by
			xavp_via_fields global parameter are used or not to build local Via.

		</para>
		<para>Meaning of the parameters is as follows:</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>flags</emphasis>: 1 - use xavp fields; 0 - do not
				use xavp fields.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>via_use_xavp_fields</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
xavp_via_fields="mvia"
...
request_route {
    ...
	$xavp(mvia=&gt;address) = "10.10.10.10";
	$xavp(mvia[0]=&gt;port) = "5060";
    via_use_xavp_fields("1");
    ...
}
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
		</section>
	<section id="corex.f.is_faked_msg">
		<title>
			<function moreinfo="none">is_faked_msg()</function>
		</title>
        <para>
			Returns 1 (native config true) if the SIP message under processing
			is the internal faked msg structure. Returns -1 (native config false)
			if the SIP message under processing is received from the network.
        </para>
        <para>
			The function should be useful in event route blocks or async route
			blocks where it can be processed either a message from the network
			or the internal faked message.
        </para>
        <para>
        This function can be used in ANY_ROUTE.
        </para>
        <example>
        <title><function>is_faked_msg</function> usage</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
event_route[dispatcher:dst-down] {
    if (is_faked_msg()) {
        xinfo("Running with faked message\n");
    }
}
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
    </section>
	</section>

	<section>
	<title>RPC Commands</title>
	<section id="corex.rpc.debug">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">corex.debug</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Set or get the global log level (the value for global parameter
			'debug'). To set the debug, provide an integer parameter. If
			no parameter is provided, then the current value is returned.
		</para>
		<para>
		Example:
		</para>
        <programlisting  format="linespecific">
		&kamcmd; corex.debug
		&kamcmd; corex.debug 2
		</programlisting>
	</section>
	<section id="corex.rpc.list_sockets">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">corex.list_sockets</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Print the list of sockets the application is listening on.
		</para>
		<para>
		Example:
		</para>
        <programlisting  format="linespecific">
		&sercmd; corex.list_sockets
		</programlisting>
    </section>
	<section id="corex.rpc.list_aliases">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">corex.list_aliases</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Print the list of hostname aliases used to match the myself
			condition.
		</para>
		<para>
		Example:
		</para>
        <programlisting  format="linespecific">
		&sercmd; corex.list_aliases
		</programlisting>
    </section>
	<section id="corex.rpc.shm_status">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">corex.shm_status</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Trigger shm status dump to syslog.
		</para>
		<para>
		Example:
		</para>
        <programlisting  format="linespecific">
		&sercmd; corex.shm_status
		</programlisting>
	</section>
	<section id="corex.rpc.shm_summary">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">corex.shm_summary</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Trigger shm summary dump to syslog.
		</para>
		<para>
		Example:
		</para>
        <programlisting  format="linespecific">
		&sercmd; corex.shm_summary
		</programlisting>
    </section>
	<section id="corex.rpc.pkg_summary">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">corex.pkg_summary</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Trigger pkg summary dump to syslog for a specific pid or
			process index. It has two parameters: first to specify what
			matching type is desired (can be 'pid' or 'idx'); second to
			specify the value for desired match.
		</para>
		<para>
			The dump is happening when the selected process is doing a
			runtime handling (e.g., processing a sip message).
		</para>
		<para>
		Example:
		</para>
        <programlisting  format="linespecific">
		&sercmd; corex.pkg_summary pid 2345
		&sercmd; corex.pkg_summary idx 1
		</programlisting>
    </section>
    </section>

    <section>
    <title>Event Routes</title>
    <section id="async.evr.network_io">
        <title>
        <function moreinfo="none">event_route[network:msg]</function>
        </title>
        <para>
            Event route block to be executed when new data is received from network
            or the data that is about to be sent to a remote host by a SIP worker
            process.
        </para>
        <para>
            The kamailio script writer can check which type of data triggered this
            event route using is_incoming method.
        </para>
        <para>
            After executing of this event route, if msg_avp was defined and set then
            its value is used for further processing, otherwise, original value of
            $mb is used. If message was received from remote host, then it is parsed
            and proceeds to appropriate route. Otherwise if message set to send out,
            then is sent to remote host per configured SIP timers in config script.
        </para>
        <para>
            Please note this event route is meant to <emphasis>prepare</emphasis>
            the message for on-wire communication, e.g. to do custom encryption or
            decryption, compression/decompression etc. of the message sent to or 
			received from remote host. Therefore, except text operations,
			no module functions or pseudo variables are available in this event route.
        </para>
    </section>
    </section>

    <section>
    <title>Examples of Usage</title>
        <para>
			To use network event_route[network:msg] the remote SIP UA must also implement and 
			understand the encoding / decoding done in this event route. It is up to  &kamailio;
			config script writer to define and implement how encoding and decoding is done. 
			Any language module such as app_perl or app_lua can be called in
			in event_route[network:msg] to implement desired logic.
        </para>
        <para>
			The most simple use case is to compress the SIP packet on-wire. As SIP is a
			text based protocol, so it is highly compressable. Using this module, one can
			compress entire SIP message, including headers and message body before sending
			it to remote host using any compression algorithm of choice, thus saving
			significant bandwidth on mobile data networks.
        </para>
        <para>
			A useful case is to use this function between SIP edge proxy and SIP application
			server. The SIP messages received from end-user at SIP edge proxy may be decrypted
			and sent to SIP application server at remote location unencrypted, where they are
			processed as normal. One the way back, the messages received from SIP application
			server at edge proxy can be encrypted before being sent to actual destination.
			The edge proxy can check whether received message came from end-user or SIP 
			application server by using simple regular expressions.
        </para>
        <para>
			Another use case is to implement a virtual HTTP tunnel for SIP messages. The SIP
			client app can convert SIP message to binary e.g. by doing XOR, Base64 etc., then
			prepend some fake HTTP headers to make it look like an HTTP request before sending
			it to kamailio over SIP TCP socket. At kamailio, the fake headers are removed and data
			is decoded back to normal SIP and processed per config script logic. For the data that
			is to be sent to SIP client app, one can prepend fake HTTP reply headers to encoded
			data before sending it to client app.
        </para>
        <para>
			More advance use cases may involve custom encryption algorithms such as
			ITV encryption algorithm,
			<ulink url="https://github.com/mshary/itv"></ulink>
        </para>
        <para>
			For example, the client app running on Android or iPhone, may send device UUID along
			with ITV key, encrypted using RSA or AES256 with pre-shared secret, as first packet,
			which is set as cookie by server in e.g. memcache. This cookie is referred by client
			app in each next packet, so server can retrieve encryption key from cache and use that
			for decryption. Same can be done for server at client app side, so messages encrypted
			by server can be decrypted at client app.
        </para>
        <para>
			Next is a basic usage example where encoding and decoding is done using PERL.
        </para>
        <example>
        <title><function>event_route[network:msg]</function> use cases</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
loadmodule "app_perl.so"
loadmodule "corex.so"
...
# ----- app_perl params -----
modparam("app_perl", "filename", "/usr/local/etc/kamailio/custom_compress.pl")
modparam("app_perl", "modpath", "/usr/local/lib64/kamailio/perl")

# ----- corex params -----
modparam("corex", "nio_intercept", 32)
modparam("corex", "nio_min_msg_len", 32)
modparam("corex", "nio_msg_avp", "$avp(msg)")
...
event_route[network:msg] {
	if (is_incoming()) {
		if (perl_exec_simple("do_uncompress", "" + $mb + "")) {
			xlog("L_INFO", "Received message '$avp(msg)' \n");
		} else {
			xlog("L_INFO", "Received message '$mb' \n");
			$avp(msg) = $mb;
		};
	} else {
		xlog("L_INFO", "Sending message '$mb' \n");
		if (!perl_exec_simple("do_compress", "" + $mb + "")) {
			$avp(msg) = $mb;
		};
	};
}
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
        <example>
        <title>Sample PERL code for do_compress and do_uncompress</title>
        <programlisting format="linespecific">
...
use strict;
use warnings;
use IO::Compress::Gzip qw(gzip $GzipError) ;
use IO::Uncompress::Gunzip qw(gunzip $GunzipError) ;

sub do_compress() {
	my $input = shift;
	my $output;

	gzip \$input => \$output
		or eval {
			Kamailio::log(L_WARN, "GZIP failed: $GzipError\n");
			$output = $input;
		};

	Kamailio::AVP::add("msg", $output);
}

sub do_uncompress() {
	my $input = shift;
	my $output;

	gunzip \$input => \$output
		or eval {
			Kamailio::log(L_WARN, "GUNZIP failed: $GzipError\n");
			$output = $input;
		};

	Kamailio::AVP::add("msg", $output);
}
...
</programlisting>
        </example>
    </section>
</chapter>