Outbound Module

Peter Dunkley

   Crocodile RCS Ltd

   Copyright © 2012-2013 Crocodile RCS Ltd
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview

              1.1. Edge Proxy Keep-Alives (STUN)
              1.2. Flow Timer

        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. force_outbound_flag (integer)
              3.2. force_no_outbound_flag (integer)

        4. Functions
        5. MI Commands

   List of Examples

   1.1. Edge Proxy Configuration
   1.2. Registrar Configuration
   1.3. Set force_outbound_flag parameter
   1.4. Set force_no_outbound_flag parameter

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview

        1.1. Edge Proxy Keep-Alives (STUN)
        1.2. Flow Timer

   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. force_outbound_flag (integer)
        3.2. force_no_outbound_flag (integer)

   4. Functions
   5. MI Commands

1. Overview

   1.1. Edge Proxy Keep-Alives (STUN)
   1.2. Flow Timer

   This module provides C-API functions to enable Kamailio to be used as
   an outbound Edge Proxy (see RFC 5626 section 5).

   The path and rr will bind to this module if it is loaded before they
   are.

1.1. Edge Proxy Keep-Alives (STUN)

   Outbound Edge Proxies MUST support STUN NAT keep-alives on their SIP
   UDP ports. Kamailio supports this though the “stun” module.

1.2. Flow Timer

   The maximum interval at which a User Agent must send a keep-alive may
   be specified by the Registrar using the Flow-Timer: header in 2xx
   responses to REGISTERs.

   When using TCP or TLS as the SIP transport care should be taken to set
   the “tcp_connection_lifetime” on the Edge Proxy to a value slightly
   larger than the interval the Registrar is using for flow timer. Setting
   “tcp_connection_lifetime” to less than the interval could cause
   connections to be lost, and setting it to a value much larger than the
   interval will keep connections open far longer than is required (which
   is wasteful).

   Application-layer keep-alives are optional when the underlying
   transport already has a keep-alive mechanism. The WebSocket transport
   has a transport-layer keep-alive. When using the WebSocket transport
   the “keepalive_timeout” should be set to a value a little greater than
   the Registrar flow timer interval and a little less than the
   “tcp_connection_lifetime”.

   Example 1.1. Edge Proxy Configuration
#!KAMAILIO
#
# Edge proxy configuration
#

#!subst "/REGISTRAR_IP/192.168.122.3/"
#!subst "/REGISTRAR_PORT/5060/"
#!substdef "/FLOW_TIMER/20/"

####### Global Parameters #########

debug=2
log_stderror=no
log_facility=LOG_LOCAL0
fork=yes
children=4
alias="example.com"
mpath="/usr/lib64/kamailio/modules"
tcp_connection_lifetime=30 # FLOW_TIMER + 10
force_rport=yes


####### Modules Section ########

loadmodule "tm.so"
loadmodule "sl.so"
loadmodule "outbound.so"
loadmodule "rr.so"
loadmodule "path.so"
loadmodule "pv.so"
loadmodule "maxfwd.so"
loadmodule "xlog.so"
loadmodule "sanity.so"
loadmodule "ctl.so"
loadmodule "mi_rpc.so"
loadmodule "mi_fifo.so"
loadmodule "textops.so"
loadmodule "siputils.so"
loadmodule "stun.so"

# ----------------- setting module-specific parameters ---------------

# ----- mi_fifo params -----
modparam("mi_fifo", "fifo_name", "/tmp/kamailio_fifo")

# ----- tm params -----
modparam("tm", "failure_reply_mode", 3)

# ----- rr params -----
modparam("rr", "append_fromtag", 0)


####### Routing Logic ########

request_route {
        route(REQINIT);

        if (is_method("CANCEL")) {
                if (t_check_trans()) {
                        route(RELAY);
                }
                exit;
        }

        route(WITHINDLG);

        t_check_trans();

        if (is_method("REGISTER")) {
                remove_hf("Route");
                add_path();
                $du = "sip:REGISTRAR_IP:REGISTRAR_PORT";
        } else {
                if (is_method("INVITE|SUBSCRIBE"))
                        record_route();

                if (@via[2] == "") {
                        # From client so route to registrar...

                        if ($rU == $null) {
                                sl_send_reply("484", "Address Incomplete");
                                exit;
                        }
                        remove_hf("Route");
                        $du = "sip:REGISTRAR_IP:REGISTRAR_PORT";
                } else {
                        # From registrar so route using "Route:" headers...

                        if (!loose_route()) {
                                switch($rc) {
                                case -2:
                                        sl_send_reply("403", "Forbidden");
                                        exit;
                                default:
                                        xlog("L_ERR", "in request_route\n");
                                        sl_reply_error();
                                        exit;
                                }
                        }

                        t_on_failure("FAIL_OUTBOUND");
                }
        }

        route(RELAY);
}

route[RELAY] {
        if (!t_relay()) {
                sl_reply_error();
        }
        exit;
}

route[REQINIT] {
        if (!mf_process_maxfwd_header("10")) {
                sl_send_reply("483","Too Many Hops");
                exit;
        }

        if(!sanity_check("1511", "7"))
        {
                xlog("Malformed SIP message from $si:$sp\n");
                exit;
        }
}

route[WITHINDLG] {
        if (has_totag()) {
                if (!loose_route()) {
                        switch($rc) {
                        case -2:
                                sl_send_reply("403", "Forbidden");
                                exit;
                        default:
                                if (is_method("ACK")) {
                                        if ( t_check_trans() ) {
                                                route(RELAY);
                                                exit;
                                        } else {
                                                exit;
                                        }
                                }
                                sl_send_reply("404","Not Found");
                        }
                } else {
                        if (is_method("NOTIFY")) {
                                record_route();
                        }
                        route(RELAY);
                }
                exit;
        }
}

onreply_route {
        if (!t_check_trans()) {
                drop;
        }

        if ($rm == "REGISTER" && $rs >= 200 && $rs <= 299) {
                remove_hf("Flow-Timer");
                if ($(hdr(Require)[*])=~"outbound")
                        insert_hf("Flow-Timer: FLOW_TIMER\r\n", "Call-ID");
        }
}

failure_route[FAIL_OUTBOUND] {
        if (t_branch_timeout() || !t_branch_replied()) {
                send_reply("430", "Flow Failed");
        }
}

   Example 1.2. Registrar Configuration
MAILIO
#
# Registrar configuration
#


####### Global Parameters #########

debug=2
log_stderror=no
log_facility=LOG_LOCAL0
fork=yes
children=4
alias="example.com"
mpath="/usr/lib64/kamailio/modules"


####### Modules Section ########

loadmodule "tm.so"
loadmodule "tmx.so"
loadmodule "sl.so"
loadmodule "rr.so"
loadmodule "pv.so"
loadmodule "maxfwd.so"
loadmodule "xlog.so"
loadmodule "sanity.so"
loadmodule "ctl.so"
loadmodule "mi_rpc.so"
loadmodule "mi_fifo.so"
loadmodule "textops.so"
loadmodule "siputils.so"
loadmodule "usrloc.so"
loadmodule "registrar.so"

# ----------------- setting module-specific parameters ---------------

# ----- mi_fifo params -----
modparam("mi_fifo", "fifo_name", "/tmp/kamailio_fifo")


# ----- tm params -----
modparam("tm", "failure_reply_mode", 3)
modparam("tm", "restart_fr_on_each_reply", 0)
modparam("tm", "contact_flows_avp", "tm_contact_flows")
modparam("tm", "contacts_avp", "tm_contacts")

# ----- rr params -----
modparam("rr", "append_fromtag", 0)

# ----- registrar params -----
modparam("registrar", "use_path", 1)
modparam("registrar", "gruu_enabled", 1)
modparam("registrar", "outbound_mode", 1)


####### Routing Logic ########

request_route {
        route(REQINIT);

        if (is_method("CANCEL")) {
                if (t_check_trans()) {
                        route(RELAY);
                }
                exit;
        }

        route(WITHINDLG);

        t_check_trans();

        remove_hf("Route");
        if (is_method("INVITE|SUBSCRIBE"))
                record_route();

        route(REGISTRAR);

        if ($rU==$null) {
                xlog("L_INFO", "Address Incomplete\n");
                send_reply("484","Address Incomplete");
                exit;
        }

        route(LOCATION);
}


route[RELAY] {
        if (!t_relay()) {
                xlog("L_ERR", "t_relay() failed\n");
                sl_reply_error();
        }
        exit;
}

route[REQINIT] {
        if (!mf_process_maxfwd_header("10")) {
                xlog("L_INFO", "Too Many Hops\n");
                send_reply("483","Too Many Hops");
                exit;
        }

        if(!sanity_check("1511", "7"))
        {
                xlog("Malformed SIP message from $si:$sp\n");
                exit;
        }
}

route[WITHINDLG] {
        if (has_totag()) {
                if (loose_route()) {
                        if (is_method("NOTIFY")) {
                                record_route();
                        }
                        route(RELAY);
                } else {
                        if (is_method("ACK")) {
                                if (t_check_trans()) {
                                        route(RELAY);
                                        exit;
                                } else {
                                        exit;
                                }
                        }
                        xlog("L_INFO", "Not Found");
                        send_reply("404","Not Found");
                }
                exit;
        }
}

route[REGISTRAR] {
        if (is_method("REGISTER"))
        {
                if (!save("location")) {
                        xlog("L_ERR", "Unable to save location\n");
                        sl_reply_error();
                }
                exit;
        }
}

route[LOCATION] {
        if (!lookup("location")) {
                $var(rc) = $rc;
                t_newtran();
                switch ($var(rc)) {
                        case -1:
                        case -3:
                                send_reply("404", "Not Found");
                                exit;
                        case -2:
                                send_reply("405", "Method Not Allowed");
                                exit;
                }
        }

        if (!t_load_contacts() || !t_next_contacts()) {
                xlog("L_ERR", "t_(load|next)_contacts() failed\n");
                sl_reply_error();
                exit;
        }

        t_on_failure("FAIL_TRANSACTION");
        t_on_branch_failure("FAIL-BRANCH");
        route(RELAY);
        exit;
}

onreply_route {
        if (!t_check_trans()) {
                drop;
        }
}

failure_route[FAIL_TRANSACTION] {
        if (!t_check_status("6[0-9][0-9]")) {
                if (t_next_contacts()) {
                        t_relay();
                        exit;
                }
        }

        if (t_check_status("430")) {
                t_reply("480", "Temporarily Unavailable");
                exit;
        }
}

event_route[tm:branch-failure:FAIL-BRANCH] {
        if (t_check_status("403|430")
                        || (t_branch_timeout() && !t_branch_replied())) {
                unregister("location", "$tu", "$T_reply_ruid");

                if (t_next_contact_flow()) {
                        t_on_branch_failure("FAIL-BRANCH");
                        t_relay();
                }
        }
}

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * None

   The following modules are required to make proper use of this module:
     * stun.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries must be installed before running Kamailio with
   this module loaded:
     * OpenSSL.

3. Parameters

   3.1. force_outbound_flag (integer)
   3.2. force_no_outbound_flag (integer)

3.1. force_outbound_flag (integer)

   A flag which, if set for a request, will force path and rr to add flow
   tokens to Path: and Record-Route: headers regardless of the request
   contents.

   Default value is -1.

   Example 1.3. Set force_outbound_flag parameter
...
modparam("outbound", "force_outbound_flag", 1)
...

3.2. force_no_outbound_flag (integer)

   A flag which, if set for a request, will force path and rr not to add
   flow tokens to Path: and Record-Route: headers regardless of the
   request contents.

   Default value is -1.

   Example 1.4. Set force_no_outbound_flag parameter
...
modparam("outbound", "force_no_outbound_flag", 2)
...

4. Functions

   None

5. MI Commands

   None