SMS Module

Bogdan Iancu

   FhG FOKUS

Edited by

Bogdan Iancu

   Copyright � 2003 FhG FOKUS
     _________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents
   1. User's Guide

        1.1. Overview

              1.1.1. New Features
              1.1.2. Hardware Requirements
              1.1.3. Numbering Plan
              1.1.4. Address Mapping

        1.2. Dependencies

              1.2.1. SER Modules
              1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        1.3. Exported Parameters

              1.3.1. modems (string)
              1.3.2. networks (string)
              1.3.3. links (string)
              1.3.4. default_net (string)
              1.3.5. max_sms_parts (integer)
              1.3.6. domain_str (string)
              1.3.7. use_contact (integer)
              1.3.8. sms_report_type (integer)

        1.4. Exported Functions

              1.4.1. sms_send_msg_to_net(network_name)
              1.4.2. sms_send_msg()

   2. Developer's Guide
   3. Frequently Asked Questions

   List of Examples
   1-1. Set modems parameter
   1-2. Set networks parameter
   1-3. Set links parameter
   1-4. Set default_net parameter
   1-5. Set max_sms_parts parameter
   1-6. Set domain_str parameter
   1-7. Set use_contact parameter
   1-8. Set sms_report_type parameter
   1-9. sms_send_msg_to_net usage
   1-10. sms_send_msg usage
     _________________________________________________________

Chapter 1. User's Guide

1.1. Overview

   This module provides a way of communication between SIP
   network (via SIP MESSAGE) and GSM networks (via
   ShortMessageService). Communication is possible from SIP to
   SMS and vice versa. The module provides facilities like SMS
   confirmation--the gateway can confirm to the SIP user if his
   message really reached its destination as a SMS--or multi-part
   messages--if a SIP messages is too long it will be split and
   sent as multiple SMS.

   Errors occurred because of an invalid number or a too long
   message or because of an internal modem malfunction are
   reported back to the SIP user via a SIP message containing
   explanations regarding the error.
     _________________________________________________________

1.1.1. New Features

   -) July 2007 
      The SMS module may no extract the URI from SMS body,
      configuring the URI in the new modems parameters 's' and
      't'.
     _________________________________________________________

1.1.2. Hardware Requirements

   The SMS module needs a GSM modem to be able to send/receive
   the SMS messages. Usually, this kind of modems are externals,
   linked to the machine via serial cable. The modem can be a
   dedicated one (as the ones provided by FALCOM) or can be a GSM
   telephone that has an internal modem (as the latest mobile
   phones from NOKIA and ERICSSON).
     _________________________________________________________

1.1.3. Numbering Plan

   The gateway accepts and advertises phone numbers in
   international format, more specific like: +(international
   code)(area code)(number). Ex: Germany, D1 = +49 170 5678181
   Romania, Connex = +40 722 123456 A number in this format is
   expected to be placed as username into RURI or in the To
   header. If RURI misses the username, the To header will be
   consider. Also, the gateway will advertise in this format the
   username in Contact headers (in SIP replies and requests) and
   in From headers (in SIP requests).
     _________________________________________________________

1.1.4. Address Mapping

   To identify the destination number of the SMS, the gateway
   expects to have a mobile number in username of the SIP
   destination address (for example sip:+401704678811@iptel.org).
   For the reverse direction, because the gateway has only one
   GSM number, the destination SIP address has to be encapsulated
   into the SMS body. The gateway expects to find a SIP address
   at the beginning of the SMS body in "sip:user.host" format.
   Everything before the SIP address will be discarded, the
   useful text begins exactly after the address (for example
   SMS="For sip:user@host hello world!!" -> SIP="hello world"), 
   view configuration for disable this behavior (modems parameters
   's' y 't'). In order to facilitate replying, the gateway sends 
   all the SMS messages with a header containing the source SIP 
   address in the following format: "From sip:user@host (if you 
   reply DONOT remove it)<new_line>". When an SMS-reply is received 
   having this header (all of it or truncated at the end), the header
   will be left out (it will not be in the SIP message). 

     _________________________________________________________

1.2. Dependencies

1.2.1. SER Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:

     * tm - Transaction Manager.
     _________________________________________________________

1.2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed
   before running SER with this module loaded:

     * None.
     _________________________________________________________

1.3. Exported Parameters

1.3.1. modems (string)

   Define and configure one or more GSM modems.
modems_value     = modem_definition *( ";" modem_definition )
modem_definition = modem_name "[" list_of_params "]"
list_of_params   = modem_param *( ";" modem_param )
modem_param      = name "=" value

   The following parameters can be used:

     * d=device (mandatory) - Device associated with modem
       (/dev/ttyS0, /dev/modem, etc.).
     * p=pin (optional) - SIM PIN - default is NULL.
     * m=mode (optional) - Modem working mode
       ("ASCII","OLD","DIGICOM","NEW"). Default value is "NEW".
     * c=SMS_Center (optional) - SMS center number for that
       modem. Default is the SMS center set on the SIM card.
     * b=baudrate (optional) - Default is 19600.
     * r=retry (optional) - How many times to try to re-send a
       SMS that reported error. Default is twice.
     * l=looping (optional) - Time for modem to wait before
       performing a new check for incomimg/outgoing SMS/SIP_MSG.
       Default is 20.
     * t=to (optional) - uri for sip header TO - default is NULL. 
     * s=scan (optional) - 0: NOT SCAN uri from body sms, use URI
			      in t=to.
			   1: SCAN uri from body sms (normal mode,
			      default mode, clasic mode)
			   2: SCAN MIX (both modes), First SCAN

   No default value, the parameter is mandatory. 

   Example 1-1. Set modems parameter
...
modparam("sms", "modems", "Nokia[d=/dev/ttyS1;s=0;t=sip:p-cscf@cidra.com.ar]")
modparam("sms", "modems", "Nokia[d=/dev/ttyS1;b=9600;m=new;l=30]")
modparam("sms", "modems", "Nokia[d=/dev/ttyS1];Siemens[d=/dev/ttyS2]")
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.2. networks (string)

   Define and configure used GSM networks.
networks_value = net_definition *( ";" net_definition )
net_definition = net_name "[" list_of_params "]"
list_of_params = set_param *( ";" set_param )
set_param      = name "=" value

   The following parameters can be used:

     * m=msx_sms_per_call (optional) - Maximum number of SMS send
       / received from that net in one modem loop. Default is 10.
       This parameter was introduced to avoid starvation.
       Example of the starvation--a modem can send SMS for more
       than 1 networks. If you have a huge number of SMS for the
       first network and the number of incoming SIP messages is
       equal to the sent SMS per same unit of time, the modem
       will never get to send SMS for the next networks.

   No default value, the parameter is mandatory. 

   Example 1-2. Set networks parameter
...
modparam("sms", "networks", "D1 [m=10] ;d2[ m=20]")
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.3. links (string)

   Define from which network each modem should send SMS.
links_value = modem_assoc *( ";" modem_assoc )
modem_assoc = modem_name "[" list_of_networks "]"
list_of_networks = network *( ";" network )

   No default value, the parameter is mandatory. 

   Example 1-3. Set links parameter
...
modparam("sms", "links", "NOKIA[D1;d2]")
...

   The modem NOKIA will send SMS from D1 and D2 net (in this
   order !). if in a net queue are more then max_sms_per_call SMS
   the modem will not sleep before starting the next loop !
   Shortly, if messages are waiting to be sent, the modem will
   not go in sleep.
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.4. default_net (string)

   The default network to use. If no one specified, the first
   defined network is used. This parameter is useful only if the
   the "sms_send_msg" exported function is used (see Section
   1.4).

   Example 1-4. Set default_net parameter
...
modparam("sms", "default_net", "D1")
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.5. max_sms_parts (integer)

   Shows in how many parts (SMS messages) a SIP message can be
   split. If exceeded, the SIP message will be sent truncated and
   the SIP user will get back another message containing the
   unsent part.

   Default value is 4. 

   Example 1-5. Set max_sms_parts parameter
...
modparam("sms", "max_sms_parts", 10)
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.6. domain_str (string)

   Specify a fake domain name to be used by the gateway. The
   Contact headers and the From header from request will be
   construct based on this fake domain name. It's useful when the
   gateway is transparently hidden behind a proxy/register
   (located on different machines).

   Default is the name of the machine the gateway is running on. 

   Example 1-6. Set domain_str parameter
...
modparam("sms", "domain_str", "foo.bar")
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.7. use_contact (integer)

   If a contact header should be added to the outgoing SIP
   messages. Even if the SIP draft forbids this, some UAS require
   it.

   Default is 0 (no). 

   Example 1-7. Set use_contact parameter
...
modparam("sms", "use_contact", 1)
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.3.8. sms_report_type (integer)

   If the modem should ask for SMS confirmation from the SMS
   Center. If the SMSC reply with an error code, the gateway will
   send back to SIP user a SIP message containing the text (or
   part of it) that couldn't be send. Two report mechanisms are
   implemented:

     * 1 - the reports are delivered by the GSM device as SMS
       reports (so far supported only by Nokia modems);
     * 2 - the reports are delivered as async. CDS responses
       (supported by almost all modems, except Ericsson).

   Default is 0 (no report). 

   Example 1-8. Set sms_report_type parameter
...
modparam("sms", "sms_report_type", 1)
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.4. Exported Functions

1.4.1. sms_send_msg_to_net(network_name)

   Put the SIP msg in the specified network queue. The function
   return error if the number encapsulated into SIP message is
   malformed, if the content_type is incorrect or because of some
   internal failures.

   Meaning of the parameters is as follows:

     * network_name - Name of network.

   Example 1-9. sms_send_msg_to_net usage
...
if (sms_send_msg_to_net("D1"))
{
    if (!t_reply("202", "yes sir, SMS sent over"))
    {
        # if replying failed, retry statelessly
        sl_reply_error();
    };
} else {
    if (!t_reply("502", "Bad gateway - SMS error"))
    {
        # if replying failed, retry statelessly
        sl_reply_error();
    };
    break;
};
...
     _________________________________________________________

1.4.2. sms_send_msg()

   The same as the previous one, but use the default network
   queue.

   Example 1-10. sms_send_msg usage
...
if (sms_send_msg_to_net())
{
    if (!t_reply("202", "yes sir, SMS sent over"))
    {
        # if replying failed, retry statelessly
        sl_reply_error();
    };
} else {
    if (!t_reply("502", "Bad gateway - SMS error"))
    {
        # if replying failed, retry statelessly
        sl_reply_error();
    };
    break;
};
...
     _________________________________________________________

Chapter 2. Developer's Guide

   Each modem forks its own process for sending /fetching SMS.
   Communication and queuing between ser working processes and
   modem processes is done with pipes.
     _________________________________________________________

Chapter 3. Frequently Asked Questions

   3.1. Where can I find more about SER?
   3.2. Where can I post a question about this module?
   3.3. How can I report a bug?

   3.1. Where can I find more about SER?

   Take a look at http://iptel.org/ser.

   3.2. Where can I post a question about this module?

   First at all check if your question was already answered on
   one of our mailing lists:

     * http://mail.iptel.org/mailman/listinfo/serusers
     * http://mail.iptel.org/mailman/listinfo/serdev

   E-mails regarding any stable version should be sent to
   <serusers@iptel.org> and e-mail regarding development versions
   or CVS snapshots should be send to <serdev@iptel.org>.

   If you want to keep the mail private, send it to
   <serhelp@iptel.org>.

   3.3. How can I report a bug?

   Please follow the guidelines provided at:
   http://iptel.org/ser/bugs