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<!-- Module User's Guide -->

<chapter>
	
	<title>&adminguide;</title>
	
	<section>
	<title>Overview</title>
	<para>
		The SQLOPS module adds support for raw SQL queries in the configuration file.
	</para>
	<para>
		Among the features:
	</para>
	<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>Multiple database connections</emphasis> - the sqlops module
			can connect to many databases on different servers using different DB
			driver modules at the same time.
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>Many query results</emphasis> - the module can store
			many results of different SQL queries in separate structures at
			the same time. Thus it is possible to work in parallel with several
			queries and results.
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>Access via pseudo-variables</emphasis> - the content
			of the SQL query result is accessible via pseudo-variables. Please
			note that only integer and string variables are supported at the
			moment because of the internal usage of <quote>AVPs</quote> to hold
			the values. So it is not possible for example to return floating
			point or big integer values this way.
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>Array indexes</emphasis> - fast access to result values
			via array position: [row,column].
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>Persistence in process space</emphasis> - a result can
			be used many times in the same worker process. Query once, use many
			times.
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>Results can be stored in xavps</emphasis>
			- columns are accessed by their names, rows by xavp index. Xavp's
			are available during the transactions lifetime and don't need to
			be destroyed manually.
		</para>
		</listitem>

	</itemizedlist>
	</section>

	<section>
	<title>Dependencies</title>
	<section>
		<title>&kamailio; Modules</title>
		<para>
		The following modules must be loaded before this module:
			<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>a DB SQL module (mysql, postgres, ...)</emphasis>.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>External Libraries or Applications</title>
		<para>
		The following libraries or applications must be installed before running
		&kamailio; with this module loaded:
			<itemizedlist>
			<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>None</emphasis>.
			</para>
			</listitem>
			</itemizedlist>
		</para>
	</section>

	</section>
	<section>
	<title>Parameters</title>
	<section>
		<title><varname>sqlcon</varname> (str)</title>
		<para>
		The definition of a DB connection. The value of the parameter must have
		the following format:
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
		<para>
		"connection_name=&gt;database_url"
		</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			This parameter may be set multiple times to get many DB connections
			in the same configuration file.
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>connection_name</emphasis> - string specifying the name
			of a database connection. This string is used by the <quote>sql_query()</quote>
			function to refer to the DB connection.
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>database_url</emphasis> - Standardized &kamailio; database URL
			used to connect to database.
		</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>sqlcon</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","cb=&gt;mysql://kamailio:abc@10.10.1.1/testdb")
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title><varname>sqlres</varname> (str)</title>
		<para>
		The definition of a database result ID. The value of the parameter can be
		any string. Results IDs are also added at fixup time when sql_query()
		parameters are parsed, so there is no need to decalare them via module
		parameter unless you want to use them from within other modules and be
		available in all application processes.
		</para>
		<para>
		<emphasis>
			Default value is NULL.
		</emphasis>
		</para>
		<example>
		<title>Set <varname>sqlres</varname> parameter</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops", "sqlres", "ra")
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	</section>
	<section>
	<title>Functions</title>
	<para>
		Note that sql_query(), sql_xquery() and sql_pvquery() functions have
		the following return values:
	</para>
	<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>-1</emphasis> - error in parameters or query execution
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>1</emphasis> - query successful, at least one row in resultset (for SELECTs)
		</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
		<para>
			<emphasis>2</emphasis> - query successful, no rows returned
		</para>
		</listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">sql_query(connection, query[, result])</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Make an SQL query using 'connection' and store data in 'result'.
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>connection</emphasis> - the name of the connection
				to be used for the query (defined via the <quote>sqlcon</quote> parameter).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>query</emphasis> - SQL query string or pseudo-variables containing SQL query.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>result</emphasis> - string name to identify the
				result. Will be used by $dbr(...) pseudo-variable to access
				result attributes.
				If omitted, any resultset will be discarded. The result parameter should
				normally only be omitted when no result is expected (INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>sql_query()</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_query("ca", "select * from domain", "ra");
xlog("number of rows in table domain: $dbr(ra=&gt;rows)\n");
sql_result_free("ra");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">sql_xquery(connection, query, result)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Make an SQL query using 'connection' and store data in 'result' xavp.
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>connection</emphasis> - the name of the connection
				to be used for the query (defined via the <quote>sqlcon</quote> parameter).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>query</emphasis> - SQL query string or pseudo-variables containing SQL query.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>result</emphasis> - string name to identify the
				result xavp. Each row will be added to this xavp, each column can 
				be accessed by its name.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>sql_xquery()</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_xquery("ca", "select * from domain", "ra");
xlog("first domain: $xavp(ra=>domain) with id: $xavp(ra=>domain_id)\n");
...
if (sql_xquery("ca", "select * from domain", "ra") == 1) {
    xlog("domain: $xavp(ra=>domain) with id: $xavp(ra=>domain_id)\n");
}
..
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">sql_pvquery(connection, query, result)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Make an SQL query using 'connection' and store data in arbitrary
			pseudo variables specified by 'result' parameter.
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>connection</emphasis> - the name of the connection
				to be used for query (defined via the <quote>sqlcon</quote> parameter).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>query</emphasis> - SQL query string or pseudo-variables containing SQL query.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>result</emphasis> - a list with PV names where
				to store the result. The format is
				<quote>$pv;$pv;...</quote>. Every PV that is writable may 
				be used (for example $var, $avp, $xavp, $ru, $du, $sht, etc).
			</para>
			<para>
				The PV are assigned values in the following order: last row
				to first row, first field to last field. Assignment has the
				same behavior as assigning in the script itself with one
				exception for avp's, a NULL value will not delete an avp, but
				will be skipped over.
			</para>
			<para>
				Beware that if multiple rows are returned, non-(x)avp variables
				will only hold the last added value, which corresponds to the 
				first returned row.
			</para>
			<para>
				The value type of the PV (string or integer) will
				be derived from the type of the columns. Please note that only
				these two datatypes are supported, other datatypes will/may be
				converted to string.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>sql_pvquery()</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_pvquery("ca", "select 'col1', 2, NULL, 'sip:test@example.com'",
	"$var(a), $avp(col2), $xavp(item[0]=>s), $ru");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section>
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">sql_result_free(result)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Free data in SQL 'result'.
		</para>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>sql_result_free()</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_query("ca", "select * from domain", "ra");
xlog("number of rows in table domain: $dbr(ra=&gt;rows)\n");
...
sql_result_free("ra");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	<section id="sqlops.f.sql_query_async">
		<title>
		<function moreinfo="none">sql_query_async(connection, query)</function>
		</title>
		<para>
			Make an async SQL query using 'connection', if implemented by db
			driver module (e.g., db_mysql). The query is executed in another
			process and result is not available back to config, thus it should
			be used only for sql statements that don't return values (e.g.,
			insert, delete, update...). Note that async_workers core parameter
			must be set in order to enable the asyncronous framework
			needed by this function.
		</para>
		<itemizedlist>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>connection</emphasis> - the name of the connection
				to be used for the query (defined via <quote>sqlcon</quote>
				parameter).
			</para>
		</listitem>
		<listitem>
			<para>
				<emphasis>query</emphasis> - SQL query string or
				pseudo-variables containing SQL query.
			</para>
		</listitem>
		</itemizedlist>
		<para>
			This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.
		</para>
		<example>
		<title><function>sql_query_async()</function> usage</title>
		<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_query_async("ca", "delete from domain");
...
</programlisting>
		</example>
	</section>
	</section>

	<section>
	<title>Exported pseudo-variables</title>
		
		<section>
			<title><varname>$dbr(result=>key)</varname></title>
			<para>
				Access hash table entries.
			</para>
			<para>
				The <quote>result</quote> must be the name identifying a SQL
				result (third parameter of sql_query(...)).
			</para>

			<para>
			The <quote>key</quote> can be:
			</para>
			<itemizedlist>
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>rows</emphasis> - return the number of rows in
						query result</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>cols</emphasis> - return the number of
						columns in the result.</para>
				</listitem>	  
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>[row,col]</emphasis> - return the value
					at position (row,col) in the result set. 'row' and 'col' must
					be integer or pseudo-variable holding an integer.</para>
				</listitem>
				<listitem>
					<para><emphasis>colname[N]</emphasis> - return the name
					of the N-th column in the result set.</para>
				</listitem>	  
			</itemizedlist>

			<example>
				<title><function moreinfo="none">$dbr(result=&gt;key)</function> usage</title>
				<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_query("ca", "select * from domain", "ra");
xlog("rows: $dbr(ra=&gt;rows) cols: $dbr(ra=&gt;cols)\n");
if($dbr(ra=>rows)>0)
{
    $var(i) = 0;
    while($var(i)&lt;$dbr(ra=&gt;cols))
    {
        xlog("--- SCRIPT: column[$var(i)] = $dbr(ra=&gt;colname[$var(i)])\n");
        $var(i) = $var(i) + 1;
    }
    $var(i) = 0;
    while($var(i)&lt;$dbr(ra=&gt;rows))
    {
        $var(j) = 0;
        while($var(j)&lt;$dbr(ra=&gt;cols))
        {
            xlog("[$var(i),$var(j)] = $dbr(ra=&gt;[$var(i),$var(j)])\n");
            $var(j) = $var(j) + 1;
        }
        $var(i) = $var(i) + 1;
    }
}
sql_result_free("ra");
...


...
if (sql_xquery("ca", "select * from domain", "ra") == 1)
{
# non-destructive iteration
    $var(i) = 0;
    while($xavp(ra[$var(i)]) != $null)
    {
        xlog("[id, domain] = [$xavp(ra[$var(i)]=&gt;id), $xavp(ra[$var(i)]=&gt;domain)]\n");
        $var(i) = $var(i) + 1;
    }

# destructive iteration
    while($xavp(ra) != $null)
    {
        xlog("[id, domain] = [$xavp(ra=&gt;id), $xavp(ra=&gt;domain)]\n");
        pv_unset("$xavp(ra)");
    }
}
...
				</programlisting>
			</example>
		</section>
		<section>
			<title><varname>$sqlrows(con)</varname></title>
			<para>
				Number of affected rows of the previous query on the
				specified connection. It's primary use is to get the number
				of rows affected by UPDATE, INSERT and DELETE queries.
			</para>
			<para>
				<quote>con</quote> must be the name identifying a DB
				connection.
			</para>
			<example>
				<title><function moreinfo="none">$sqlrows(con)</function> usage</title>
				<programlisting format="linespecific">
...
modparam("sqlops","sqlcon","ca=&gt;&exampledb;")
...
sql_query("ca", "update domain set domain='mydomain' where id=5");
xlog("Affected rows: $sqlrows(ca)\n");
...
				</programlisting>
			</example>
		</section>
	</section>
</chapter>