Pseudo-Variables Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   asipto.com
   <daniel@asipto.com>

Edited by

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <daniel@asipto.com>

   Copyright © 2008-2011 Daniel-Constantin Mierla (asipto.com)

   Copyright © 2011 Juha Heinanen

   Copyright © 2013 Olle E. Johansson, Edvina AB
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview
        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. shvset (string)
              3.2. varset (string)
              3.3. avp_aliases (string)

        4. Functions

              4.1. pv_isset(pvar)
              4.2. pv_unset(pvar)
              4.3. is_int(pvar)
              4.4. typeof(pvar, vtype)
              4.5. not_empty(pvar)
              4.6. xavp_params_explode(sparams, xname)
              4.7. sbranch_set_ruri()
              4.8. sbranch_append()
              4.9. sbranch_reset()
              4.10. pv_xavp_print()
              4.11. pv_var_to_xavp(varname, xname)
              4.12. pv_xavp_to_var(xname)
              4.13. pv_evalx(dst, fmt)

        5. MI Commands

              5.1. shv_set
              5.2. shv_get

        6. RPC Commands

              6.1. pv.shvSet
              6.2. pv.shvGet

   List of Examples

   1.1. shvset parameter usage
   1.2. varset parameter usage
   1.3. avp_aliases parameter usage
   1.4. pv_isset usage
   1.5. pv_unset usage
   1.6. is_int() usage
   1.7. typeof() usage
   1.8. not_empty() usage
   1.9. xavp_params_explode usage
   1.10. sbranch_set_ruri() usage
   1.11. sbranch_append() usage
   1.12. sbranch_append() usage
   1.13. pv_xavp_print() usage
   1.14. pv_var_to_xavp() usage
   1.15. pv_xavp_to_var() usage
   1.16. pv_xavp_to_var() usage
   1.17. shv_set usage
   1.18. shv_get usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview
   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. shvset (string)
        3.2. varset (string)
        3.3. avp_aliases (string)

   4. Functions

        4.1. pv_isset(pvar)
        4.2. pv_unset(pvar)
        4.3. is_int(pvar)
        4.4. typeof(pvar, vtype)
        4.5. not_empty(pvar)
        4.6. xavp_params_explode(sparams, xname)
        4.7. sbranch_set_ruri()
        4.8. sbranch_append()
        4.9. sbranch_reset()
        4.10. pv_xavp_print()
        4.11. pv_var_to_xavp(varname, xname)
        4.12. pv_xavp_to_var(xname)
        4.13. pv_evalx(dst, fmt)

   5. MI Commands

        5.1. shv_set
        5.2. shv_get

   6. RPC Commands

        6.1. pv.shvSet
        6.2. pv.shvGet

1. Overview

   This module collects the core pseudo-variables that can be used in
   configuration file. They are listed in Dokuwiki:
   http://www.kamailio.org/wiki/, in Pseudo-Variables section

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * No dependencies on other Kamailio modules.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed before
   running Kamailio with this module loaded:
     * None.

3. Parameters

   3.1. shvset (string)
   3.2. varset (string)
   3.3. avp_aliases (string)

3.1. shvset (string)

   Set the value of a shared variable ($shv(name)). The parameter can be
   set many times.

   The value of the parameter has the format: _name_ '=' _type_ ':'
   _value_
     * _name_: shared variable name
     * _type_: type of the value
          + “i”: integer value
          + “s”: string value
     * _value_: value to be set

   Default value is “NULL”.

   Example 1.1. shvset parameter usage
...
modparam("pv", "shvset", "debug=i:1")
modparam("pv", "shvset", "pstngw=s:sip:10.10.10.10")
...

3.2. varset (string)

   Set the value of a script variable ($var(name)). The parameter can be
   set many times.

   The value of the parameter has the format: _name_ '=' _type_ ':'
   _value_
     * _name_: shared variable name
     * _type_: type of the value
          + “i”: integer value
          + “s”: string value
     * _value_: value to be set

   Default value is “NULL”.

   Example 1.2. varset parameter usage
...
modparam("pv", "varset", "init=i:1")
modparam("pv", "varset", "gw=s:sip:11.11.11.11;transport=tcp")
...

3.3. avp_aliases (string)

   Define aliases for PV AVP names.

   Default value is NULL.

   Example 1.3. avp_aliases parameter usage
...
modparam("pv","avp_aliases","email=s:email_addr;tmp=i:100")
...

4. Functions

   4.1. pv_isset(pvar)
   4.2. pv_unset(pvar)
   4.3. is_int(pvar)
   4.4. typeof(pvar, vtype)
   4.5. not_empty(pvar)
   4.6. xavp_params_explode(sparams, xname)
   4.7. sbranch_set_ruri()
   4.8. sbranch_append()
   4.9. sbranch_reset()
   4.10. pv_xavp_print()
   4.11. pv_var_to_xavp(varname, xname)
   4.12. pv_xavp_to_var(xname)
   4.13. pv_evalx(dst, fmt)

4.1. pv_isset(pvar)

   Return true if a PV value is different than 'null'.

   Meaning of the parameters is as follows:
     * pvar - pvar identifier.

   This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

   Example 1.4. pv_isset usage
...
if(pv_isset("$avp(s:x)"))
{
    ...
}
...

4.2. pv_unset(pvar)

   Unset the value of the PV (e.g., delete AVP, set to null).

   Meaning of the parameters is as follows:
     * pvar - pvar identifier.

   This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

   Example 1.5. pv_unset usage
...
pv_unset("$avp(s:x)");
...

4.3.  is_int(pvar)

   Function checks if pvar argument contains integer value and returns 1
   if it does and -1 otherwise.

   Function can be used from all kinds of routes.

   Example 1.6. is_int() usage
...
if (is_int("$var(foo)")) {
    xlog("L_INFO", "variable foo contains integer value\n");
}
...

4.4.  typeof(pvar, vtype)

   Returns true if the type of pseudo-variable matches the second
   parameter. The second parameter can be: 'int' - type is integer; 'str'
   - type is string; 'null' - type is null.

   Function can be used from ANYROUTE.

   Example 1.7. typeof() usage
...
if (typeof("$var(foo)", "str")) {
    xdbg("variable foo is a string\n");
}
...

4.5.  not_empty(pvar)

   Returns true if the pseudo-variables has the type string and is not
   empty value.

   Function can be used from all kinds of routes.

   Example 1.8. not_empty() usage
...
if (not_empty("$var(foo)")) {
    append_hf("X-Foo: $var(foo)\r\n");
}
...

4.6.  xavp_params_explode(sparams, xname)

   Convert a parameters string in xavp atributes.

   The first parameter has to be a string in the format of SIP header
   parameters (name1=value1;...;nameN=valueN). The second parameter is the
   name of the root xavp to hold the pairs (nameX,valueX).

   The values are stored as string type.

   Function can be used from ANY ROUTE.

   Example 1.9. xavp_params_explode usage
...
xavp_params_explode("a=b;c=d;e=d", "x");
# results in:
#    $xavp(x=>a) = "b";
#    $xavp(x=>c) = "d";
#    $xavp(x=>e) = "f";
...

4.7.  sbranch_set_ruri()

   Use the attributes from static branch ($sbranch(key) variable) to set
   request URI and the other fields of the branch associated with request
   URI (destination URI, path, ...).

   Content of the static branch is not reset after this function is
   executed. It has to be done explicitely with sbranch_reset().

   Function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, BRANCH_ROUTE or FAILURE_ROUTE.

   Example 1.10. sbranch_set_ruri() usage
...
sbranch_reset();
$sbranch(uri) = "sip:127.0.0.1:5080";
$sbranch(dst_uri) =  "sip:127.0.0.1:5090";
$sbranch(path) =  "sip:127.0.0.1:5090, sip:127.0.0.1:5094";
$sbranch(send_socket) =  "udp:127.0.0.1:5060";
sbranch_set_ruri();
...

4.8.  sbranch_append()

   Use the attributes from static branch ($sbranch(key) variable) to
   append a new branch to destination set. It is an alternative to
   append_branch() that allows setting each attribute specific to the
   branch.

   Content of the static branch is not reset after this function is
   executed. It has to be done explicitely with sbranch_reset().

   Function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, BRANCH_ROUTE or FAILURE_ROUTE.

   Example 1.11. sbranch_append() usage
...
sbranch_reset();
$sbranch(uri) = "sip:127.0.0.1:5080";
$sbranch(dst_uri) =  "sip:127.0.0.1:5090";
$sbranch(send_socket) =  "udp:127.0.0.1:5060";
sbranch_append();
...

4.9.  sbranch_reset()

   Reset the content of static branch ($sbranch(key) variable.

   Function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, BRANCH_ROUTE or FAILURE_ROUTE.

   Example 1.12. sbranch_append() usage
...
sbranch_reset();
...

4.10.  pv_xavp_print()

   Print all XAVPs to the syslog using INFO log level.

   Function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

   Example 1.13. pv_xavp_print() usage
...
pv_xavp_print();
...

4.11.  pv_var_to_xavp(varname, xname)

   Copy script variables values to a xavp.

   First parameter can be '*' in order to copy all script variables.
   Second parameter is the name of the destination xavp. If xavp already
   exists it will be reset first.

   Function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

   Example 1.14. pv_var_to_xavp() usage
...
$var("temp") = 3;
$var("foo") = "foo indeed";
pv_var_to_xavp("temp", "ok");
...
$xavp("ok[0]=>temp") now is 3
...
pv_var_to_xavp("*", "ok");
...
$xavp("ok[0]=>temp") now is 3
$xavp("ok[0]=>foo") now is "foo indeed"
...

4.12.  pv_xavp_to_var(xname)

   Copy xavp values to vars. Reverse of pv_var_to_xavp().

   Function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

   Example 1.15. pv_xavp_to_var() usage
...
$xavp("bar=>temp") = 3;
$xavp("bar[0]=>foo") = "foo indeed";
pv_xavp_to_var("bar");
...
$var("temp") now is 3
$var("foo") now is "foo indeed"
...

4.13.  pv_evalx(dst, fmt)

   The fmt string is evaluated twice for exiting variables, the result is
   stored in dst variable. The dst must be the name of a writable
   variable. The fmt can contain variables that have a value containing
   other variables.

   Function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

   Example 1.16. pv_xavp_to_var() usage
...
$var(x) = "test";
$var(y) = "$var(x)"
pv_evalx("$var(z)", "$var(y) one");

# - the value of $var(z) is "test one"
...

5. MI Commands

   5.1. shv_set
   5.2. shv_get

5.1. shv_set

   Set the value of a shared variable ($shv(name)).

   Parameters:
     * _name_: shared variable name
     * _type_: type of the value
          + “int”: integer value
          + “str”: string value
     * _value_: value to be set

   MI FIFO Command Format:
                :shv_set:_reply_fifo_file_
                _name_
                _type_
                _value_
                _empty_line_

   Example 1.17. shv_set usage
...
$ kamctl fifo shv_set debug int 0
...

5.2. shv_get

   Get the value of a shared variable ($shv(name)).

   Parameters:
     * _name_: shared variable name. If this parameter is missing, all
       shared variables are returned.

   MI FIFO Command Format:
                :shv_get:_reply_fifo_file_
                _name_
                _empty_line_

   Example 1.18. shv_get usage
...
$ kamctl fifo shv_get debug
$ kamctl fifo shv_get
...

6. RPC Commands

   6.1. pv.shvSet
   6.2. pv.shvGet

6.1. pv.shvSet

   Set the value of a shared variable ($shv(name)).

   Parameters:
     * _name_: shared variable name
     * _type_: type of the value
          + “int”: integer value
          + “str”: string value
     * _value_: value to be set

6.2. pv.shvGet

   Get the value of a shared variable ($shv(name)).

   Parameters:
     * _name_: shared variable name

   If no name is given, all shared variables are listed