ASYNC Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <miconda@gmail.com>

Edited by

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <miconda@gmail.com>

   Copyright © 2011-2016 asipto.com
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview
        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. workers (int)

        4. Functions

              4.1. async_route(routename, seconds)
              4.2. async_sleep(seconds)
              4.3. async_task_route(routename)

   List of Examples

   1.1. Set workers parameter
   1.2. async_route usage
   1.3. async_sleep usage
   1.4. async_workers usage
   1.5. async_task_route usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview
   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. workers (int)

   4. Functions

        4.1. async_route(routename, seconds)
        4.2. async_sleep(seconds)
        4.3. async_task_route(routename)

1. Overview

   This module provides asynchronous operations for handling SIP requests
   in the configuration file.

   Async uses t_suspend() and t_continue() from the TM and TMX modules.

   Note that after invoking the asynchronous operation, the processing
   will continue later in another application process. Therefore variables
   stored in private memory should not be used, try to use shared memory
   if you want to get values after the processing is resumed (e.g.,
   $avp(...), $xavp(...), $shv(...), htable $sht(...)).

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * tm - transaction management.
     * tmx - transaction management extensions.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed before
   running Kamailio with this module loaded:
     * None

3. Parameters

   3.1. workers (int)

3.1. workers (int)

   Number of worker processes to be started to handle the asynchronous
   tasks for async_route() and async_sleep().

   Default value is 1.

   Example 1.1. Set workers parameter
...
modparam("async", "workers", 2)
...

4. Functions

   4.1. async_route(routename, seconds)
   4.2. async_sleep(seconds)
   4.3. async_task_route(routename)

4.1.  async_route(routename, seconds)

   Simulate a sleep of 'seconds' and then continue the processing of the
   SIP request with the route[routename]. In case of internal errors, the
   function returns false, otherwise the function exits the execution of
   the script at that moment (return 0 behaviour).

   The routename parameter can be a static string or a dynamic string
   value with config variables.

   The sleep parameter represent the number of seconds to suspend the
   processing of a SIP request. Maximum value is 100. The parameter can be
   a static integer or a variable holding an integer.

   Since the SIP request handling is resumed in another process, the
   config file execution state is practically lost. Therefore beware that
   the execution of config after resume will end once the route[routename]
   is finished.

   This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.

   Example 1.2. async_route usage
...
async_route("RESUME", "4");
...
route[RESUME] {
   send_reply("404", "Not found");
   exit;
}
...

4.2.  async_sleep(seconds)

   Simulate a sleep of 'seconds' and then continue the processing of SIP
   request with the next action. In case of internal errors, the function
   returns false.

   The sleep parameter represent the number of seconds to suspend the
   processing of SIP request. Maximum value is 100. The parameter can be a
   static integer or a variable holding an integer.

   This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.

   Example 1.3. async_sleep usage
...
async_sleep("4");
send_reply("404", "Not found");
exit;
...

4.3.  async_task_route(routename)

   Continue the processing of the SIP request with the route[routename] in
   one of the processes from core asynchronous framework. The core
   parameter async_workers has to be set to enable asynchronous framework.
   The task is executed as soon as a process from asynchronous framework
   is idle, there is no wait time for the task like for async_route(...).

   To enable the core asynchronous framework, you need to set the
   async_workers core parameter in the configuration file. See the core
   cookbook for more information.

   Example 1.4. async_workers usage
...
; Enable 8 worker processes used by async and other modules
async_workers=8
...

   In case of internal errors, the function returns false, otherwise the
   function exits the execution of the script at that moment (return 0
   behaviour).

   The routename parameter can be a static string or a dynamic string
   value with config variables.

   Since the SIP request handling is resumed in another process, the
   config file execution state is practically lost. Therefore beware that
   the execution of config after resume will end once the route[routename]
   is finished.

   This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.

   Example 1.5. async_task_route usage
...
async_task_route("RESUME");
...
route[RESUME] {
   t_relay();
   exit;
}
...