TOPOS Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <miconda@gmail.com>

Edited by

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <miconda@gmail.com>

   Copyright © 2016 FhG FOKUS
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview
        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. storage (str)
              3.2. db_url (str)
              3.3. mask_callid (int)
              3.4. sanity_checks (int)
              3.5. branch_expire (int)
              3.6. dialog_expire (int)
              3.7. clean_interval (int)
              3.8. event_callback (str)
              3.9. event_mode (int)
              3.10. contact_host (str)

        4. Event Routes

              4.1. event_route[topos:msg-outgoing]
              4.2. event_route[topos:msg-sending]

   List of Examples

   1.1. Set storage parameter
   1.2. Set db_url parameter
   1.3. Set mask_callid parameter
   1.4. Set sanity_checks parameter
   1.5. Set branch_expire parameter
   1.6. Set dialog_expire parameter
   1.7. Set clean_interval parameter
   1.8. Set event_callback parameter
   1.9. Set event_mode parameter
   1.10. Set contact_host parameter
   1.11. Usage of event_route[topos:msg-outgoing]
   1.12. Usage of event_route[topos:msg-sending]

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview
   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. storage (str)
        3.2. db_url (str)
        3.3. mask_callid (int)
        3.4. sanity_checks (int)
        3.5. branch_expire (int)
        3.6. dialog_expire (int)
        3.7. clean_interval (int)
        3.8. event_callback (str)
        3.9. event_mode (int)
        3.10. contact_host (str)

   4. Event Routes

        4.1. event_route[topos:msg-outgoing]
        4.2. event_route[topos:msg-sending]

1. Overview

   This module offers topology hiding by stripping the SIP routing headers
   that show topology details. The script interpreter gets the SIP
   messages with full content, so all existing functionality is preserved.

   The module is transparent for the configuration writer. It only needs
   to be loaded (tune the parameters if needed).

   It also works for SIP MESSAGE or other requests that do not create a
   call dialog -- record_route() must be used for them as well, the
   headers are not going to be in the messages sent to the network, they
   are needed to know local addresses used to communicate with each side.

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * rr module - server must perform record routing to ensure in-dialog
       requests are encoded/decoded (it must be done for all initial
       requests).
     * database module - to store the data for topology stripping and
       restoring.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed before
   running Kamailio with this module loaded:
     * none.

3. Parameters

   3.1. storage (str)
   3.2. db_url (str)
   3.3. mask_callid (int)
   3.4. sanity_checks (int)
   3.5. branch_expire (int)
   3.6. dialog_expire (int)
   3.7. clean_interval (int)
   3.8. event_callback (str)
   3.9. event_mode (int)
   3.10. contact_host (str)

3.1. storage (str)

   Type of storage, valid types are:
     * db - Database Backend
     * redis - Redis Backend

   Default value is “db”.

   Example 1.1. Set storage parameter
...
modparam("topos", "storage", "redis")
...

3.2. db_url (str)

   Database URL.

   Default value is “mysql://kamailio:kamailiorw@localhost/kamailio”.

   Example 1.2. Set db_url parameter
...
modparam("topos", "db_url", "dbdriver://username:password@dbhost/dbname")
...

3.3. mask_callid (int)

   Note: this functionality is not implemented yet - the parameter is
   present in order to be in pair with topoh module.

   Whether to replace or not the Call-ID with another unique id generated
   by Kamailio.

   Default value is 0 (do not mask).

   Example 1.3. Set mask_callid parameter
...
modparam("topos", "mask_callid", 1)
...

3.4. sanity_checks (int)

   If set to 1, topoh module will bind to sanity module in order to
   perform sanity checks over received SIP request. Default sanity checks
   are done. It is useful to check if received request is well formatted
   before proceeding to encoding/decoding.

   Default value is 0 (do not bind to sanity module).

   Example 1.4. Set sanity_checks parameter
...
modparam("topoh", "sanity_checks", 1)
...

3.5. branch_expire (int)

   Interval in seconds after which the branch records are deleted.

   Default value is 180 (3 min).

   Example 1.5. Set branch_expire parameter
...
modparam("topos", "branch_expire", 300)
...

3.6. dialog_expire (int)

   Interval in seconds after which the dialog records are deleted.

   Default value is 10800 (3 hours).

   Example 1.6. Set dialog_expire parameter
...
modparam("topos", "dialog_expire", 3600)
...

3.7. clean_interval (int)

   Interval in seconds to run the clean up of stored records.

   Default value is 60 (1 min).

   Example 1.7. Set clean_interval parameter
...
modparam("topos", "clean_interval", 30)
...

3.8. event_callback (str)

   The name of the function in the KEMI configuration file (embedded
   scripting language such as Lua, Python, ...) to be executed instead of
   event_route[...] blocks.

   The function receives a string parameter with the name of the event.

   Default value is 'empty' (no function is executed for events).

   Example 1.8. Set event_callback parameter
...
modparam("topos", "event_callback", "ksr_topos_event")
...
-- event callback function implemented in Lua
function ksr_topos_event(evname)
        KSR.info("===== topos module triggered event: " .. evname .. "\n");
        return 1;
end
...

3.9. event_mode (int)

   Control what event_route blocks to be executed. It is a bitmask of: 1 -
   execute event_route[topos:outgoing]; 2 - execute
   event_route[topos:sending].

   Default value is 3 (execute both event_route blocks).

   Example 1.9. Set event_mode parameter
...
modparam("topos", "event_mode", 2)
...

3.10. contact_host (str)

   You may need to control the host part of the Contact header added by
   topos. For example when using TLS with TOPOS the remote UAS must be
   able to open a new TLS socket to the contact header. In this case, the
   contact header must contain a domain name with a trusted CA signed
   certitificate.

   Default value is taken from the Record-Route URI.

   Example 1.10. Set contact_host parameter
...
modparam("topos", "contact_host", "proxy.domain.com")
...

4. Event Routes

   4.1. event_route[topos:msg-outgoing]
   4.2. event_route[topos:msg-sending]

4.1. event_route[topos:msg-outgoing]

   It is executed before doing topology stripping processing for an
   outgoing SIP message. If 'drop' is executed inside the event route,
   then the module skips doing the topology hiding.

   Inside the event route the variables $sndto(ip), $sndto(port) and
   $sndto(proto) point to the destination. The SIP message is not the one
   to be sent out, but an internally generated one at startup, to avoid
   reparsing the outgoing SIP message for the cases when topology hiding
   is not wanted.

   Example 1.11. Usage of event_route[topos:msg-outgoing]
...
event_route[topos:msg-outgoing] {
  if($sndto(ip)=="10.1.1.10") {
    drop;
  }
}
...

4.2. event_route[topos:msg-sending]

   It is executed before doing topology stripping processing for a SIP
   message to be sent out, being executed after
   event_route[topos:sending].

   Inside the event route the variables $sndto(ip), $sndto(port) and
   $sndto(proto) point to the destination. The SIP message is the one to
   be sent out.

   Example 1.12. Usage of event_route[topos:msg-sending]
...
event_route[topos:msg-sending] {
  if(is_request() and $fU=="alice") {
    drop;
  }
}
...