<!--    <sectioninfo>
	<authorgroup>
	    <author>
		<firstname>Jamey</firstname>
		<surname>Hicks</surname>
		<affiliation><orgname>Hewlett-Packard Company</orgname></affiliation>
		<address>
		    <email>jamey.hicks@hp.com</email>
		</address>
	    </author>	    
	    <author>
		<firstname>Jan</firstname>
		<surname>Janak</surname>
		<affiliation><orgname>FhG FOKUS</orgname></affiliation>
		<address>
		    <email>jan@iptel.org</email>
		</address>
	    </author>
	</authorgroup>
	<copyright>
	    <year>2003</year>
	    <year>2004</year>
	    <holder>FhG FOKUS</holder>
	    <holder>Hewlett-Packard Company</holder>
	</copyright>
	<revhistory>
	    <revision>
		<revnumber>$Revision$</revnumber>
		<date>$Date$</date>
	    </revision>
	</revhistory>
    </sectioninfo>-->
    
    <section id="pa.overview">
	<title>Overview</title>
	<para>
<!--	    This module implements a presence server, i.e. entity that receives SUBSCRIBE messages
	    and sends NOTIFY when presence status of a user changes. Currently the presence server
	    can be connected to registrar and jabber module so SIP users can see presence of jabber
	    users.-->
		This module implements a presence server, i.e. entity that receives
		SUBSCRIBE requests and sends NOTIFY when presence status of a user
		changes and allows user to use PUBLISH request for publishing presence
		status information. 
	</para>
	
	<section><title>Features</title>
	<para><itemizedlist>
		<listitem><para>handle SUBSCRIBE requests</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>handle PUBLISH requests</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>XCAP authorization of subscriptions</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>failover - all subscription's data including SIP dialogs
		can be stored into database and reloaded on startup</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>offline watcher info - watchers can be stored into
		database when presentity is offline and sent in watcher info
		notification when presentity subscribes to its watcherinfo
		again</para></listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	</para>
	</section>
	
	<section><title>Presence status</title>
	<para>User's presence status is hold internaly (in memory); it can be taken from:
	<itemizedlist>
		<listitem><para>registrar - online/offline information with
		contact</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>published information by user (see <xref
		linkend="pres_rfc_publish"/>) </para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>to be done: from reg events subscriptions</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>to be done: from subscriptions to users</para></listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	</para>
	<para>TODO: cache mode needed by large setups, when the presence status
	will be in memory only cached, not fully stored (limited size of cache,
	possibility to switch it off). [status: design in progress, coding will
	start after	Ottendorf will be branched]</para>
	</section>

	<section><title>Supported document formats</title>
	<para>Supported document formats in PUBLISH:
	<itemizedlist>
		<listitem><para>PIDF - see <xref linkend="pres_rfc_pidf"/></para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>CPIM-PIDF (last version which differs from PIDF only in
		namespaces and MIME type name)</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>PIDF extensions (like RPID <xref linkend="pres_rpid"/>)</para></listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	</para>
	
	<para>Supported document formats in NOTIFY:
	<itemizedlist>
		<listitem><para>PIDF - see <xref linkend="pres_rfc_pidf"/></para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>CPIM-PIDF (last version which differs from PIDF only in
		namespaces and MIME type name)</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>LPIDF</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>XPIDF (MS variant used by Windows Messenger 4.7)</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>PIDF extensions (like RPID <xref linkend="pres_rpid"/>)</para></listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	</para>
	</section>
	
    </section>
	
	<section id="pa.dependencies"><title>Dependencies</title>
	<itemizedlist><title>Modules</title>
		<listitem><para><application>tm</application></para></listitem>
		<listitem><para><application>dialog</application></para></listitem>
		<listitem><para><application>usrloc</application></para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>optionaly database module
		(<application>mysql</application>, ...)</para></listitem>
		<listitem><para>optionaly <application>xcap</application> module for XCAP
		authorization</para></listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	<itemizedlist><title>Libraries</title>
			<listitem><para><application>libxml2</application> - external
			library for parsing XML documents</para></listitem>
			<listitem><para><application>libcds (internal)</application></para></listitem>
			<listitem><para><application>libxcap (internal)</application> - XCAP queries
			(authorization)</para></listitem>
			<listitem><para><application>libpresence (internal)</application> - used for
			internal subscriptions from RLS</para></listitem>
	</itemizedlist>
	</section>

<section><title>Behaviour</title>
<para>Short notes to be remembered...
</para>

<!--

<para>Authorization and re-authorization can be done in two ways:
<itemizedlist>
	<listitem><para>asynchronously by timer - recommended for higher performance</para></listitem>
	<listitem><para>synchronously - always when processing SUBSCRIBE request.
	This can slow down the processing of SUBSCRIBE request quite much and
	watcher reauthorization is done only when resubscribing which can be
	insufficient.</para></listitem>
</itemizedlist>

-->

<para>There are two possibilities how to get authorization rules from XCAP when
creating new presentity (controled by module parameter
<parameter>async_auth_queries</parameter>):
<itemizedlist>
	<listitem><para>asynchronously - XCAP is not queried when processing SUBSCRIBE
	request which created presentity what results into 202 response and delayed
	authorization of such first watcher. First NOTIFY in this case will carry no
	information and "pending" status; later (as soon as will be authorization
	rules got from XCAP) will be generated
	other NOTIFY with correct authorization status.</para></listitem>
	<listitem><para>synchronously - XCAP is queried for presence rules immediately,
	but this slows down processing of such SUBSCRIBE request and may bring
	problems under heavy load so it is not recommended. In this case first
	NOTIFY contains correct subscription status and data.</para></listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</para>

<para>Other SUBSCRIBE requests than the first one which creates the presentity
already have authorization document which is stored within presentity's data and
don't need to wait for XCAP. But this can consume lots of memory [TODO: this
will be solved by intelligent document caching within XCAP module only].</para> 

<para>Re-authorization is done by timer - authorization document queries for
each presentity are sent time after time and all presentity's watchers are
reauthorized.  This is due to missing implementation of notification mechanism
for XCAP server data changes (might be implemented in the future, but XCAP
server able to do it is needed!).</para>

<para>One of reasons which lead to timer-based reauthorization was that previous
method, when reauthorization was done only when watcher is resubscribing, was
not acceptable for users which want to propagate changes in authorization
document immediately.</para>

<para>When a non-2xx final response to a NOTIFY comes, the subscription is
destroyed (really needed under high load). It is possible to say that 408
responses are ignored (see parameter
<parameter>ignore_408_on_notify</parameter>) but this should be used for testing
only.
</para>
</section>

<section><title>State aggregation</title>
<para>PA modules does state aggregation from multiple sources:
<variablelist>
	<varlistentry><term>registrar</term>
	<listitem><para>Information from registrar is taken by callbacks
	to usrloc module. Each registered contact is taken as a standalone tuple.
	Status may be <quote>open</quote> or <quote>closed</quote>, contact for the
	tuple is taken from contact registration. Priority of such tuples is taken
	from parameter <varname>default_priority_percentage</varname>. It is
	recommended to have this value lower than priority of tuples published by
	PUBLISH.</para>
	<para>You can ommit this source by setting <varname>use_callbacks</varname>
	to 0.</para></listitem></varlistentry>

	<varlistentry><term>published state</term>
	<listitem><para>State published by clients using PUBLISH request according
	to RFC 3903. There can be more published tuples, each of them is identified
	by its id in PIDF document. This id is used for tuple identification in
	re-publications, but it is NOT used as id in NOTIFYs sent from PA. Instead
	of it is used newly generated tuple id because this id must be
	unique (across all presentity's UACs).</para>
	<para>It is NOT possible to replace existing tuple with
	publishing information for tuple with the same id - this would be against
	RFC 3903! When publishing status it is only possible to have influence on
	tuples published with the same entity tag (see Sip-If-Match and SIP-ETag
	header fields).</para>
	
	<para>PA understoods only basic PIDF, but it can handle PIDF extensions like
	RPID too. PIDF extensions are hold as whole XML elements without knowing
	about their definition and thus publishing client is responsible for correct
	content of them. PA ignores "mustUnderstand" attribute (see <xref
	linkend="pres_rfc_pidf"/>). [Are there any problems with it?]</para>
	
	<para>You can control this source by PUBLISH request handling in config
	script (function <function>handle_publish</function>).</para>
	
	</listitem></varlistentry>

<!--
	<varlistentry><term>UACs</term>
		<listitem><para>PA module is able to send subscriptions using
		presence_b2b module through internal API (QSA) and handle received
		NOTIFY requests like PUBLISH.
		</para></listitem>
	</varlistentry>
	-->
	
</variablelist>
</para>
</section>

    <include xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude" href="xcap.xml"/>
    <include xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude" href="params.xml"/>
    <include xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude" href="functions.xml"/>

<!--
<section><title>Development</title>
<include xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude" href="auth.xml"/>
</section>
-->