INSTALL
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      ===========================================
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      SIP Router (sip-router) Installation Notes
 
              http://sip-router.org
 
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      ===========================================
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   Welcome to the SIP router! This is an amazingly flexible, robust
   and secure SIP server built on years of experience in several Open 
   Source projects. It's a merge of the SIP Express Router and the
   OpenSER/Kamailio products produced by a joint development team.
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   This memo gives you hints how to set up SIP Router quickly. To 
   understand how SIP Router works and how to configure it properly,
   please read the admin's guide available from the SIP Router website. 
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   We also urge you to read latest ISSUES (available from SIP Router website 
   too) and check for potential problems in this release.
   Users of previous releases are encouraged to read NEWS to learn how to move to 
   this new SIP Router version.
   
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 Table of Contents
 =================
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 1. Supported Architectures and Requirements
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 2. Howto Build sip-router From the Source Distribution
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 3. Quick-Start Installation Guide
    A) Getting Help
    B) Disclaimers
    C) Quick Start
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    D) sip-router with Persistent Data Storage
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 4. Troubleshooting
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 1. Supported Architectures and Requirements
 -------------------------------------------
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 Supported operating systems: Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, OS/X Darwin, Dragonfly BSD.
 Partially supported: Windows+Cygwin (core + static modules only, no IPv6, no TCP, 
 no dynamic modules)
 
 Supported architectures: i386, x86_64 (amd64), armv4l, sparc64, powerpc, powerpc64
 Experimental architectures: mips1, mips2, sparc32, alpha
 
 (for other architectures the Makefiles might need to be edited)
 
 There are various configuration options defined in the Makefile.
 
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 Requirements:
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 - gcc or icc : gcc >= 2.9x; 3.[12] recommended (it will work with older version
   but it might require some options tweaking for best performance)
 - bison or yacc (Berkley yacc)
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 - flex
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 - GNU make (on Linux this is the standard "make", on *BSD and Solaris it is
   called "gmake") version >= 3.80 (recommended 3.81).
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 - sed and tr (used in the makefiles)
 - GNU tar ("gtar" on Solaris) and gzip if you want "make tar" to work
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 - GNU install, BSD install or Solaris install if you want "make
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   install", "make bin", "make sunpkg" to work
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 - libmysqlclient & libz (zlib) if you want Mysql support (the db_mysql module)
 - libexpat if you want the XMPP/Jabber gateway support (the jabber module)
 - libxml2 if you want to compile the cpl-c (CPL support) or pa (presence) 
    modules
 - libradiusclient-ng (> 5.0) if you need radius support (the auth_radius,
   group_radius, uri_radius and avp_radius modules)
 - libpq if you need PostgreSQL support (the db_postgres module)
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 OS Notes:
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  FreeBSD/OpenBSD/NetBSD: make sure gmake, bison or yacc & flex are installed.
   
   FreeBSD 5.4:
   ------------
   If you want to compile all the modules, you will need the following packages:
   - mysql-client-* (any version, install one of the mysql*-client ports) for
     libmysqlclient
   - postgresql-libpqxx-2.4.2_1 (/usr/ports/databases/postgresql-libpqxx) for
     libpq
   - expat-1.95.8 (/usr/ports/textproc/expat2) for libexpat
   - libxml2-2.6.18 (/usr/ports/textproc/libxml2) for libxml2
   - radiusclient-0.4.7 (/usr/ports/net/radiusclient) for libradiusclient-ng 
   NOTE: you'll need to add radiusclient_ng=4 to the gmake command line if you
   use the 0.4.* version.
   
   Compile example (all the modules and sip-router in a tar.gz):
      gmake bin radiusclient_ng=4 include_modules="mysql jabber cpl-c auth_radius group_radius uri_radius postgres pa"
 
   OpenBSD 3.7
   -----------
   - mysql-client-4.0.23 (/usr/ports/databases/mysql) for libmysqlclient
   - expat-1.95.6 (/usr/ports/textproc/expat) for libexpat
   - libxml-2.6.16p0 (/usr/ports/textproc/libxml) for libxml2
   - radiusclient-ng-0.5.1 from 
    http://download.berlios.de/radiusclient-ng/radiusclient-ng-0.5.1.tar.gz
    (you need to download and install it, since there is no "official" 
    openbsd port for it) for libradiusclient-ng 
 
   Compile example (all the modules and sip-router in a tar.gz):
      gmake bin include_modules="mysql jabber cpl-c auth_radius group_radius uri_radius pa"
 
   NetBSD 2.0
   ----------
   - mysql-client-4.1.12 (/usr/pkgsrc/databases/mysql4-client) for libmysqlclient
   - expat-1.95.8nb2 (/usr/pkgsrc/textproc/expat) for libexpat
   - libxml2-2.6.19 (/usr/pkgsrc/textproc/libxml2) for libxml2
   - radiusclient-ng-0.5.1 (see OpenBSD)
   
   Compile example (all the modules and sip-router in a tar.gz):
      gmake bin include_modules="mysql jabber cpl-c auth_radius group_radius uri_radius pa"
 
   Solaris 10
   ----------
   As above; you can use Solaris's yacc instead of bison. You might also
   need gtar and ginstall. If you don't have ginstall you can use Solaris
   install, just make sure it's in the PATH (it's usually in /usr/sbin) and
   add INSTALL=install either to the environment or to the make command line
   (e.g.: gmake INSTALL=install all).
   
   Needed packages:
   [TODO]
   
   Compile example (all the modules and sip-router in a tar.gz):
      gmake bin INSTALL=install include_modules="mysql jabber cpl-c auth_radius group_radius uri_radius postgres pa"
 
   Linux
   -----
   Needed packages for compiling all the modules:
   * Debian:
       - libmysqlclient-dev for libmysqlclient
       - libpq-dev for libpq
       - libexpat1-dev for libexpat
       - libxml2-dev for libxml2
       - libradiusclient-ng-dev for libradiusclient (you can download the 
       package from http://apt.sip-router.org/debian/dists/unstable/main/binary-i386/libradiusclient-ng-dev_0.5.1-0.5_i386.deb ).
       NOTE: you can get up-to-date sip-router packages or libradiusclient packages
       from http://apt.sip-router.org: add to your /etc/apt/sources.list the
       following lines:
          deb http://apt.sip-router.org/debian testing main contrib non-free
          deb http://apt.sip-router.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free
       and then: apt-get update; apt-get install libradiusclient-ng-dev
       (or, if you want to use the pre-built modules:
        apt-get install sip-router sip-router-cpl-module sip-router-jabber-module sip-router-mysq-module sip-router-pa-module sip-router-postgres-module sip-router-radius-modules )
 
  Cygwin  (alpha state, partial support)
  --------------------------------------
  make sure make, bison, flex, minires and minires-devel (needed for the
  resolver functions) are installed.
  
  Only building sip-router's core and some static modules is supported for now.
  Stuff known not to work:
            - IPv6 (cygwin doesn't support it yet)
            - TCP (the tcp code heavily depends on file descriptor passing 
              between processes, which is not yet supported by cygwin)
            - dynamic modules (non statically linked -- not supported because
              backlinking doesn't work in windows by design)
 
 
   Compile example (all the modules and sip-router in a tar.gz):
      make bin include_modules="mysql jabber cpl-c auth_radius group_radius uri_radius postgres pa"
 
 
 2. Howto Build sip-router From Source Distribution
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 -------------------------------------------
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 (NOTE: if make doesn't work try gmake  instead)
 
   SIP Router is split in four main parts: The core, the modules, the
   utilties, and scripts/examples.  When you build, you can decide to build
   only the core, the modules, both, or all.
 
 * Compile SIP Router core only:
 	make   #builds only sip-router core, equivalent to make sip-router
 
 Compile modules except some explicitly excepted (see below)
 	make modules  - all modules in the modules/ directory (common modules)
 	make modules_s - all modules in the modules_s/ directory (ser modules)
 	make modules_k - all modules in the modules_k/ directory (kamailio modules)
 	make modules-all or make every-module  - all the modules (modules, modules_s
                                          and module_k)
 
 * Compile all:
 	make all
 
 * Explicitly excepted modules:
   By default make all will not build modules that require external libraries or
   that are considered to be "experimental". The modules that have external
   dependencies are: db_mysql, jabber, cpl-c, auth_radius, group_radius, uri_radius,
   avp_radius, db_postgres, db_berkely, carrierroute, pa.
 
 Including groups of modules:
   Instead of compiling the default modules only, you can specify groups of
   modules to include, according to their status:
   - standard - Modules in this group are considered a standard part of SIP Router (due to widespread usage)
     but they have no dependencies (note that some of these interplay with external systems.
     However, they don't have compile or link dependencies).
 
   - db - Modules in this group use databases and need a database driver to run.
      Included are drivers for the text mode db (dbtext) and for dumping
      large ammount of data to files (db_flatstore). See also the mysql or
      postgres groups.
 
   - standard_dep -  Modules in this group are considered a standard part of SIP Router (due to widespread usage)
     but they have dependencies that most be satisfied for compilation.
     NOTE! All presence modules (dialog, pa, presence_b2b, rls, xcap) have been included in this
     group due to interdependencies
 
   - stable - Modules in this group satisfy specific or niche applications, but are considered
     stable for production use. They may or may not have dependencies
 
   - experimental - Modules in this group are either not complete, untested, or without enough reports
     of usage to allow the module into the stable group. They may or may not have dependencies.
 
 * To compile core with standard modules:
 	make group_include="standard" all
 
 * To compile all modules (provided you have all the required libraries installed) use:
 	make group_include="standard standard-dep stable experimental" all
 
   There are also in addition some "convenience" groups:
 
 	mysql 		- Include all the db modules dependent and the mysql db driver
 	postgres 	- Include all the db modules and the postgres db driver
 	radius 		- Include all modules on radiusclient
 	presence 	- Include all the presence modules
 
   Ex. to make a standard installation with Mysql, use:
 	make group_include="standard mysql" all
 
   In addition to group_include (or instead), you can use 
 	include_modules="modA modB"
   to specify exactly the modules you want to include, ex.
 	make include_modules="mymodule" modules
 
   You can also explicitly skip modules using skip_modules. Let's say you want all the standard
   and standard-dep modules except domain:
 	make group_include="standard standard-dep" skip_modules="domain" all
 
   NOTE!!! As this mechanism is very powerful, you may be uncertain which
   modules that will be included. Just replace all (or modules) with print-modules and you will 
   see which modules will be included and excluded, ex:
 	make print-modules
   will show which modules are excluded by default.
 
   If you want to install or to build a binary package (a tar.gz with
   sip-router and the modules), substitute "all" in the above command with
   "install" or "bin".
 
 
 * More compile examples:
 
   - compile with profiling
 	make PROFILE=-pg all
   - compile debug mode version
 	make mode=debug all
   - compile debug version with profiling
 	make mode=debug PROFILE=-pg all
   - compile only the print module
 	make modules=modules/print modules
   - compile by default only the print module, in debuging mode and with 
     profiling:
 	make cfg modules=modules/print mode=debug PROFILE=-pg
 	make all
   - change & save the  modules list without rebuilding the whole config
     (so that already compiled modules won't be re-compiled by 
     make all/make modules):
 	make modules-cfg include_modules="mysql postgress"
   - change only the compile/build options, without changing the modules list:
 	make cfg-defs CPU=ultrasparc PROFILE=-pg
   - compile by default all the usual modules + mysql and postgres, optimized 
      for pentium-m and for space (saves both the build options and the module 
      list)
 	make cfg include_modules="mysql postgres" CPU=pentium-m CC_EXTRA_OPTS=-Os
 	make all
    - compile all the "default" modules except textops and vm
 	make skip_modules="textops vm" modules
    - save the above option in the make config, so that all make commands
      will use it by default:
 	make cfg skip_modules="textops vm"
    - compile all default modules and include uri_radius (not compiled by default):
 	make include_modules="uri_radius" modules
    - compile all the modules from the modules subdirectory (even the one excluded
      by default):
 	make exclude_modules="" modules
    - compile all the modules from the modules subdirectory excluding vm:
 	make exclude_modules=vm modules
      or
 	make exclude_modules="" skip_modules=vm modules
    - compile with the "tm" module statically linked and with profiling
 	make static_modules=tm PROFILE=-pg all
    - compile with gcc-3.2 instead of gcc
 	make CC=gcc-3.2 all
      or
 	CC=gcc-3.2 make all
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 Make targets:
 =============
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 Configure:
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   * make cfg or make config - force config and module list regeneration
   
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   Example: 
 	make cfg include_modules=mysql mode=debug
   All future make invocations will include the mysql module and will build in debug mode
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   Note: if config.mak doesn't exist (e.g. initial checkout or after a make 
   proper) or if Makefile.defs was changed, the config will be re-generated
   automatically by the first make command. For example:
   	make cfg  include_modules=mysql; make all
   is equivalent to 
  	rm config.mak modules.lst; make include_modules=mysql.
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   * make cfg-defs  (force config regeneration, but don't touch the module list)
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   Example:
 	make cfg-defs CPU=ultrasparc CC_EXTRA_OPTS=-Os PROFILE=-pg
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 	make modules-cfg
   or
 	make modules-list
   saves the module list, without regenerating the build config
   Example:
 	make modules-list include_modules="tls" skip_modules="print"
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 Clean:
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   * make clean   	- clean the base and modules too
   * make proper  	- clean also the dependencies and the config, but not the module list
   * make distclean 	- the same as proper
   * make maintainer-clean - clean everything, including make's config, saved 
   			  module list, auto generated files, tags, *.dbg a.s.o
   * make clean-all	- clean all the modules in modules/*
   * make proper-all 	- like make proper but for all the  modules in modules/*
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   Config clean:
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   * make clean-cfg (cleans the compile config)
   * make clean-modules-cfg (cleans the modules list)
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   Reduced" clean:
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   * make local-clean  	- cleans only the core, no libs, utils or modules
   * make clean-modules  - like make clean, but cleans only the modules
   * make clean-libs     - like make clean, but cleans only the libs
   * make clean-utils    - like make clean, but cleans only the utils
   * make proper-modules - like make proper, but only for modules
   * make proper-libs    - like make proper, but only for libs
   * make proper-utils   - like make proper, but only for utils
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 Compile:
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 --------
   * make proper
   optional: make cfg  <various cfg. options that should be saved>
   * make
   or gmake on non-Linux systems
   * make modules 
   or make modules exclude_modules="CVS print" etc.
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 Other make targets:
 -------------------
   Make tags:
 	make TAGS
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   Create a tar.gz with the sources (in ../):
 	make tar
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   Create a tar.gz with the binary distribution (in ../):
 	make bin
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   Create a gzipped solaris package (in ../):
 	make sunpkg
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   Create debian packages (in ../):
 	make deb
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   or
 	dpkg-buildpackage
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 Documentation:
 --------------
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   Regenerate the README for all the "default" modules (include_modules,
   skip_modules a.s.o can be used to alter the module list).
 	make README
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   Generates a manpage for all the modules that support it (.xml file in the
   module directory).
 	make man
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   Generates README file for modules_k/foo.
 	make modules=modules_k/foo modules-readme
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 Install:
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 	make prefix=/usr/local  install
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   Note: If you use prefix parameter in make install then you also need
   to use this parameter in previous make commands, i.e. make, make modules,
   or make all. If you fail to do this then SIP Router will look for the default
   configuration file in a wrong directory, because the directory of the
   default configuration file is hard coded into sip-router during compile time. 
   When you use a different prefix parameter when installing then the 
   directory hard coded in sip-router and the directory in which the file will be 
   installed by make install will not match. (You can specify exact location
   of the configuration file using -f parameter of sip-router).
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   For example, if you do the following:
 	make all
 	make prefix=/ install
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   Then the installation will put the default configuration file into
   /etc/sip-router/sip-router.cfg (because prefix is /), but sip-router
   will look for the file in /usr/local/etc/sip-router/sip-router.cfg
   (because there was no prefix parameter make all and /usr/local is the
   default value of prefix).
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   Workaround is trivial, use the same parameters in all make commands:
 	make prefix=/ all
 	make prefix=/ install
   or save the desired prefix in the make config (e.g.: make cfg prefix=/).
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   That applies to other make parameters as well (for example parameters
   "modules" or "excluded_modules").
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 3. Quick-Start Installation Guide
 ----------------------------------------------
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 A) Getting Help
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   This guide gives you instructions on how to set up the SIP Router
   (sip-router) on your box quickly. In case the default configuration
   does not fly, please check the documentation at the sip-router web site
   http://sip-router.org to learn how to configure SIP Router for your site.
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   If the documentation does not resolve your problem you may try contacting 
   our user forum by E-mail at sr-users@lists.sip-router.org -- that is the
   mailing list of the sip-router community. To participate in the mailing list,
   please subscribe at the following web address:
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   http://lists.sip-router.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo
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   To participate in our commercial support program, contact info@iptel.org.
   The support program will provide you with most timely and accurate help
   for configuration, integration, development and any other technical
   activity.
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 B) Disclaimers
  
   Note well the default "quick-start" configuration is very simple in order 
   to be easily installable. It provides minimum features. Particularly, 
   authentication is by default disabled, which means anyone can register using
   any name with the server. (This is on purpose to avoid installation 
   dependencies on a database, which is needed for storing user credentials.)
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 C) Quick Start
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   The following step-by step guide gives you instructions how to install the 
   SQL-free distribution of sip-router. If you need persistence and
   authentication, then you have to install additional database support --
   proceed to section D) after you are finished with C).
 
   1) Download an RPM or debian package from site
 
     ****** site not available yet
 
   If you don't use an rpm or debian based distribution, try our tar.gz'ed
   binaries
 
   ******* not available yet
 
   If you use Solaris 8 you can try our solaris package.
   If you use Gentoo Linux you do not have to download a package.
 
 2) Install the package
 	RPM:
     		rpm -i <package_name>
 	debian:
     		dpkg -i <package_name>
 	gentoo:
     		emerge sip-router
 		(or if use only stable packets: ACCEPT_KEYWORDS="~x86" emerge sip-router)
 	tar.gz:
     		cd /; tar zxvf <package_name>_os_arch.tar.gz
     		(it will install in /usr/local/, and the configuration file in
      		/usr/local/etc/sip-router/sip-router.cfg)
 	Solaris:
     		gunzip <package_name>.gz ; pkgadd -d <package_name>
 	*BSD:
     		pkg_add package_name
     
 3) Start the server
 
 	RPM + gentoo:
     		/etc/init.d/sip-router start
 	debian:
     		sip-router is started automatically after the install
     		(in case something fails you can start it with /etc/init.d/sip-router start)
 	tar.gz:
 	Solaris:
     		the tar.gz does not include an init.d script, you'll have to create one of
     		your own or adapt one from the source distribution (debian/init.d,
     		rpm/sip-router.init.*, gentoo/sip-router.init)
     		You can start sip-router directly with /usr/local/sbin/sip-router.
     
 4) optionally, watch server's health using the
    	serctl utility
 
     - to do so, first set the environment variable SIP_DOMAIN to your domain 
       name, e.g., in Bourne shell, call
         export SIP_DOMAIN="myserver.foobar.com"
 	- if you are using other than 'localhost' mysql server for maintaining
 	  subscriber database, change the variable 'SQL_HOST' to the proper
 	  host name in the serctl script
     - run the serctl utility
         /usr/sbin/serctl moni
       or
         /usr/local/sbin/serctl moni (if you installed from a tar.gz or solaris
         package)
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 5) Connect SIP phones
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   Register with the server using your favorite SIP User Agent. You may want to look 
   at configuration hints for use of various clients on iptel.org site at
      http://www.iptel.org/phpBB/viewforum.php?forum=1&8
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   In most cases, you need to set the following options:
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 	Proxy server:	host name of your server
 	Domain:		the sip domain your server is configured to handle
 	User name:	the account name for your device
 	Auth user:	the ID used for authentication
 	Secret/Password:	The configured authentication password
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 D) sip-router with Persistent Data Storage
 ------------------------------------------
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   The default configuration is very simple and features many simplifications. 
   In particular, it does not authenticate users and loses User Location database 
   on reboot. To provide persistence, keep user credentials and remember users' 
   locations across reboots, sip-router can be configured to use a database, like MySQL. 
   Before you proceed, you need to make sure MySQL is installed on your box. Your
   MySQL server must be configured to deal with a large number of
   connection. To increase it, set the following line in [mysqld] section
   of your my.ini configuration file:
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    set-variable    = max_connections=500
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 1) Download the package containing mysql support for sip-router from: 
     
     **** site not available yet
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     (rpm and deb provided, most of the binary tar.gz distributions and the 
      solaris package include it; if it is not present you'll have to rebuild
      from the source).
 	For gentoo please include 'mysql' to your USE variable in /etc/make.conf
 	or give it as variable to the emerge command.
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 2) install the package
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     rpm -i <package_name>
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     or
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     dpkg -i <package_name>
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 	or
 	emerge sip-router
 	(if do not want to put 'mysql' into your USE variable you can type:
 	 USE="mysql" emerge sip-router)
 
 3) create MySQL tables
 	- if you have a previously installed SIP Router on your system, use
     	/usr/sbin/sip-router_mysql.sh reinstall 
 	  to convert your SIP Router database into new structures
 	- otherwise, if this is your very first installation, use
     	/usr/sbin/sip-router_mysql.sh create
 	  to create SIP Router database structures
    (you will be prompted for password of MySql "root" user)
 
 4) configure sip-router to use SQL
     uncomment all lines in configuration file sip-router.cfg which are related to 
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     authentication:
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     - loadmodule "/usr/lib/sip-router/modules/mysql.so"
     - loadmodule "/usr/lib/sip-router/modules/auth.so"
     - loadmodule "/usr/lib/sip-router/modules/auth_db.so"
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     - modparam("usrloc", "db_mode", 2)
     - modparam("auth", "calculate_ha1", yes)
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     - modparam("auth_db", "password_column", "password")
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     - if (!www_authorize("iptel.org", "subscriber")) {
         www_challenge("iptel.org", "0"); 
         break;
       }; 
 5) be sure to replace realm, the first parameter in www_* actions, 
    with name of your server; some broken UAC implementations don't 
    authenticate otherwise; the authentication command in your
    configuration script should look then like this:
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       if (!www_authorize("myserver.foobar.com", "subscriber")) {
         www_challenge("myserver.foobar.com", "0"); 
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         break;
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       }
 6) restart the server
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     /etc/init.d/sip-router restart
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 7) you can now start  managing the server using the serctl utility; 
    you need to first set the environment variable SIP_DOMAIN to your 
    local SIP realm, e.g.,
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        export SIP_DOMAIN="myserver.foobar.com"
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    a) watch the server status using 'serctl moni'
    b) try to login with your SIP client as user 'admin' with password 'heslo'
    c) try adding new users using 
        'serctl add <name> <password> <email>'
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 4. Troubleshooting
 ------------------
 
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 Q: Windows Messenger authentication fails. 
 
 A: The most likely reason for this problem is a bug in Windows Messenger. 
 WM only authenticates if server name in request URI equals authentication 
 realm. After a challenge is sent by SIP server, WM does not resubmit the 
 challenged request at all and pops up authentication window again. If you 
 want to authenticate WM, you need to set up your realm value to equal server 
 name. If your server has no name, IP address can be used as realm too.
 
 Q: SIP requests are replied by sip-router with "483 Too Many Hops" or 
    "513 Message Too Large"
 
 A: In both cases, the reason is probably an error in request routing script 
    which caused an infinite loop. You can easily verify whether this happens 
    by watching SIP traffic on loopback interface. A typical reason for
    misrouting is a failure to match local domain correctly. If a server
    fails to recognize a request for itself, it will try to forward it to
    current URI in believe it would forward them to a foreign
    domain. Alas, it forwards the request to itself again. This continues
    to happen until value of max_forwards header field reaches zero or
    the request grows too big. Solutions is easy: make sure that domain
    matching is correctly configured. A quick way to achieve that is to
    introduce a config option to sip-router.cfg: alias=domainname, where
    domainname shall be replaced with name of domain, which you wish to
    server and which appears in request-URIs.