SCTP Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

   <miconda@gmail.com>

Andrei Pelinescu-Onciul
     __________________________________________________________________

   Table of Contents

   1. Admin Guide

        1. Overview
        2. Dependencies

              2.1. Kamailio Modules
              2.2. External Libraries or Applications

        3. Parameters

              3.1. sctp_socket_rcvbuf (int)
              3.2. sctp_socket_sndbuf (int)
              3.3. sctp_autoclose (int)
              3.4. sctp_send_ttl (int)
              3.5. sctp_send_retries (int)
              3.6. sctp_assoc_tracking (int)
              3.7. sctp_assoc_reuse (int)
              3.8. sctp_max_assocs (int)
              3.9. sctp_srto_initial (int)
              3.10. sctp_srto_max (int)
              3.11. sctp_srto_min (int)
              3.12. sctp_asocmaxrxt (int)
              3.13. sctp_init_max_attempts (int)
              3.14. sctp_init_max_timeo (int)
              3.15. sctp_hbinterval (int)
              3.16. sctp_pathmaxrxt (int)
              3.17. sctp_sack_delay (int)
              3.18. sctp_sack_freq (int)
              3.19. sctp_max_burst (int)

        4. RPC Commands

              4.1. sctp.info
              4.2. sctp.options

   List of Examples

   1.1. Set sctp_socket_rcvbuf parameter
   1.2. Set sctp_socket_sndbuf parameter
   1.3. Set sctp_autoclose parameter
   1.4. Set sctp_send_ttl parameter
   1.5. Set sctp_send_retries parameter
   1.6. Set sctp_assoc_tracking parameter
   1.7. Set sctp_assoc_reuse parameter
   1.8. Set sctp_max_assocs parameter
   1.9. Set sctp_srto_initial parameter
   1.10. Set sctp_srto_max parameter
   1.11. Set sctp_srto_min parameter
   1.12. Set sctp_asocmaxrxt parameter
   1.13. Set sctp_init_max_attempts parameter
   1.14. Set sctp_init_max_timeo parameter
   1.15. Set sctp_hbinterval parameter
   1.16. Set sctp_pathmaxrxt parameter
   1.17. Set sctp_sack_delay parameter
   1.18. Set sctp_sack_freq parameter
   1.19. Set sctp_max_burst parameter
   1.20. Use sctp.info with kamcmd
   1.21. Use sctp.options with kamcmd

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

   Table of Contents

   1. Overview
   2. Dependencies

        2.1. Kamailio Modules
        2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   3. Parameters

        3.1. sctp_socket_rcvbuf (int)
        3.2. sctp_socket_sndbuf (int)
        3.3. sctp_autoclose (int)
        3.4. sctp_send_ttl (int)
        3.5. sctp_send_retries (int)
        3.6. sctp_assoc_tracking (int)
        3.7. sctp_assoc_reuse (int)
        3.8. sctp_max_assocs (int)
        3.9. sctp_srto_initial (int)
        3.10. sctp_srto_max (int)
        3.11. sctp_srto_min (int)
        3.12. sctp_asocmaxrxt (int)
        3.13. sctp_init_max_attempts (int)
        3.14. sctp_init_max_timeo (int)
        3.15. sctp_hbinterval (int)
        3.16. sctp_pathmaxrxt (int)
        3.17. sctp_sack_delay (int)
        3.18. sctp_sack_freq (int)
        3.19. sctp_max_burst (int)

   4. RPC Commands

        4.1. sctp.info
        4.2. sctp.options

1. Overview

   This module provides SCTP transport layer for Kamailio. SCTP is an
   acronym for Stream Control Transmission Protocol, read more about it
   at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stream_Control_Transmission_Protocol

   The module itself implements the callbacks required by the core to
   receive and send SIP messages over SCTP sockets.

   The core Makefile variable SCTP must be set to 1 (which is by default
   set to 1 in Makefile.defs) and sources compiled with -DUSE_SCTP
   (automatically set when SCTP=1). In other words, if core Makefiles are
   not changed and SCTP variable is not overwritten from command line,
   then the SCTP support in core is enabled.

2. Dependencies

   2.1. Kamailio Modules
   2.2. External Libraries or Applications

2.1. Kamailio Modules

   The following modules must be loaded before this module:
     * none.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

   The following libraries or applications must be installed before
   running Kamailio with this module loaded:
     * libsctp - SCTP user space library available on Linux. To compile
       the module, libsctp-dev is required as well.

3. Parameters

   3.1. sctp_socket_rcvbuf (int)
   3.2. sctp_socket_sndbuf (int)
   3.3. sctp_autoclose (int)
   3.4. sctp_send_ttl (int)
   3.5. sctp_send_retries (int)
   3.6. sctp_assoc_tracking (int)
   3.7. sctp_assoc_reuse (int)
   3.8. sctp_max_assocs (int)
   3.9. sctp_srto_initial (int)
   3.10. sctp_srto_max (int)
   3.11. sctp_srto_min (int)
   3.12. sctp_asocmaxrxt (int)
   3.13. sctp_init_max_attempts (int)
   3.14. sctp_init_max_timeo (int)
   3.15. sctp_hbinterval (int)
   3.16. sctp_pathmaxrxt (int)
   3.17. sctp_sack_delay (int)
   3.18. sctp_sack_freq (int)
   3.19. sctp_max_burst (int)

3.1. sctp_socket_rcvbuf (int)

   Size for the sctp socket receive buffer.

   Default value is automatically set based on OS limits.

   Example 1.1. Set sctp_socket_rcvbuf parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_socket_rcvbuf", 14096)
...

3.2. sctp_socket_sndbuf (int)

   Size for the sctp socket send buffer.

   Default value is automatically set based on OS limits.

   Example 1.2. Set sctp_socket_sndbuf parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_socket_sndbuf", 14096)
...

3.3. sctp_autoclose (int)

   Number of seconds before autoclosing an idle association. Can be
   changed at runtime, but it will affect only new associations.

   Default value is 180 (seconds).

   Example 1.3. Set sctp_autoclose parameter
...
# kamcmd cfg.set_now_int sctp autoclose 120
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_autoclose", 300)
...

3.4. sctp_send_ttl (int)

   Number of milliseconds before an unsent message/chunk is dropped. Can
   be changed at runtime.

   Default value is 32000 (miliseconds - 32 seconds).

   Example 1.4. Set sctp_send_ttl parameter
...
# kamcmd cfg.set_now_int sctp send_ttl 180000
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_send_ttl", 10000)
...

3.5. sctp_send_retries (int)

   How many times to attempt re-sending a message on a re-opened
   association, if the sctp stack did give up sending it (it's not related
   to sctp protocol level retransmission). Useful to improve reliability
   with peers that reboot/restart or fail over to another machine.

   WARNING: use with care and low values (e.g. 1-3) to avoid "multiplying"
   traffic to unresponding hosts.

   Can be changed at runtime.

   Default value is 0.

   Example 1.5. Set sctp_send_retries parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_send_retries", 1)
...

3.6. sctp_assoc_tracking (int)

   Controls whether or not sctp associations are tracked inside Kamailio.
   Turning it off would result in less memory being used and slightly
   better performance, but it will also disable some other features that
   depend on it (e.g. sctp_assoc_reuse).

   Can be changed at runtime (sercmd sctp assoc_tracking 0), but changes
   will be allowed only if all the other features that depend on it are
   turned off (for example it can be turned off only if first
   sctp_assoc_reuse was turned off).

   Note: turning sctp_assoc_tracking on/off will delete all the tracking
   information for all the currently tracked associations and might
   introduce a small temporary delay in the sctp processing if lots of
   associations were tracked.

   Config options depending on sctp_assoc_tracking being on:
   sctp_assoc_reuse.

   Default value is 1 (enabled, 0 - disabled).

   Example 1.6. Set sctp_assoc_tracking parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_assoc_tracking", 0)
...

3.7. sctp_assoc_reuse (int)

   Controls sctp association reuse. For now only association reuse for
   replies is affected by it. Default is on. Depends on
   sctp_assoc_tracking being on.

   Note that even if turned off, if the port in via corresponds to the
   source port of the association the request was sent on or if rport is
   turned on (force_rport() or via containing a rport option), the
   association will be automatically reused by the sctp stack. Can be
   changed at runtime (sctp assoc_reuse), but it can be turned on only if
   sctp_assoc_tracking is on.

   Default value is 1 (enabled, 0 - disabled).

   Example 1.7. Set sctp_assoc_reuse parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_assoc_reuse", 0)
...

3.8. sctp_max_assocs (int)

   Maximum number of allowed open sctp associations. -1 means maximum
   allowed by the OS. Default: -1. Can be changed at runtime (e.g.: kamcmd
   cfg.set_now_int sctp max_assocs 10 ). When the maximum associations
   number is exceeded and a new associations is opened by a remote host,
   the association will be immediately closed. However it is possible that
   some sip packets get through (especially if they are sent early, as
   part of the 4-way handshake).

   When Kamailio tries to open a new association and the max_assocs is
   exceeded the exact behaviour depends on whether or not
   sctp_assoc_tracking is on. If on, the send triggering the active open
   will gracefully fail, before actually opening the new association and
   no packet will be sent. However if sctp_assoc_tracking is off, the
   association will first be opened and then immediately closed. In
   general this means that the initial sip packet will be sent (as part of
   the 4-way handshake).

   Default value is -1.

   Example 1.8. Set sctp_max_assocs parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_max_assocs", 10)
...

3.9. sctp_srto_initial (int)

   Initial value of the retransmission timeout (in miliseconds), used in
   RTO calculations.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp srto_initial) but it will affect only
   new associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.9. Set sctp_srto_initial parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_srto_initial", 1000)
...

3.10. sctp_srto_max (int)

   Maximum value of the retransmission timeout (RTO) in milliseconds.

   WARNING: values lower then the sctp sack_delay will cause lots of
   retransmissions and connection instability (see sctp_srto_min for more
   details).

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp srto_max) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.10. Set sctp_srto_max parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_srto_max", 2000)
...

3.11. sctp_srto_min (int)

   Minimum value of the retransmission timeout (RTO) in milliseconds.

   WARNING: values lower then the sctp sack_delay of any peer might cause
   retransmissions and possible interoperability problems. According to
   the standard the sack_delay should be between 200 and 500 ms, so avoid
   trying values lower then 500 ms unless you control all the possible
   sctp peers and you do make sure their sack_delay is higher or their
   sack_freq is 1.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp srto_min) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.11. Set sctp_srto_min parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_srto_min", 800)
...

3.12. sctp_asocmaxrxt (int)

   Maximum retransmissions attempts per association. It should be set to
   sctp_pathmaxrxt * no. of expected paths.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp asocmaxrxt) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.12. Set sctp_asocmaxrxt parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_asocmaxrxt", 5)
...

3.13. sctp_init_max_attempts (int)

   Maximum INIT retransmission attempts.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp init_max_attempts).

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.13. Set sctp_init_max_attempts parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_init_max_attempts", 3)
...

3.14. sctp_init_max_timeo (int)

   Maximum INIT retransmission timeout (RTO max for INIT) in miliseconds.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp init_max_timeo).

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.14. Set sctp_init_max_timeo parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_init_max_timeo", 1000)
...

3.15. sctp_hbinterval (int)

   SCTP heartbeat interval. Setting it to -1 will disable the heartbeats.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp hbinterval) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.15. Set sctp_hbinterval parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_hbinterval", 2000)
...

3.16. sctp_pathmaxrxt (int)

   Maximum retransmission attempts per path (see also sctp_asocmaxrxt).

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp pathmaxrxt) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.16. Set sctp_pathmaxrxt parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_pathmaxrxt", 2)
...

3.17. sctp_sack_delay (int)

   Delay until an ACK is generated after receiving a packet (in
   miliseconds).

   WARNING: a value higher then srto_min can cause a lot of
   retransmissions (and strange problems). A value higher then srto_max
   will result in very high connections instability. According to the
   standard the sack_delay value should be between 200 and 500 ms.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp sack_delay) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.17. Set sctp_sack_delay parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_sack_delay", 400)
...

3.18. sctp_sack_freq (int)

   Number of packets received before an ACK is sent (without waiting for
   the sack_delay to expire). Default: OS specific.

   Note: on linux with lksctp up to and including 1.0.9 is not possible to
   set this value (having it in the config will produce a warning on
   startup).

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp sack_freq) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.18. Set sctp_sack_freq parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_sack_freq", 3)
...

3.19. sctp_max_burst (int)

   Maximum burst of packets that can be emitted by an association.

   Can be changed at runtime (sctp max_burst) but it will affect only new
   associations.

   Default value is OS specific.

   Example 1.19. Set sctp_max_burst parameter
...
modparam("sctp", "sctp_max_burst", 3)
...

4. RPC Commands

   4.1. sctp.info
   4.2. sctp.options

4.1. sctp.info

   Print information about SCTP transport.

   Example 1.20. Use sctp.info with kamcmd
...
kamcmd sctp.info
...

4.2. sctp.options

   Print the options of SCTP sockets. It can take an optional parameter
   that specifies the listen address of SCTP socket.

   Example 1.21. Use sctp.options with kamcmd
...
kamcmd sctp.options
...